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Top 200+ Salesforce Interview Questions and Answers for a Successful Interview



Introduction

Salesforce is the world’s leading CRM service provider with a market share of 23.8%. It is successfully fulfilling the CRM needs of organizations and is known for its quality cloud services, and is generating potential growth opportunities for professionals embarking their journey in areas such as sales, marketing, product development, and engineering. We have curated Salesforce interview questions guide to make this unnerving interview process soothing for you.

Salesforce provides an immense career growth to an individual. Think of joining a professional Salesforce training course to speed up your career growth. Here is a list of popular Salesforce interview question divided into 7 sections, for various departments of Salesforce.

Let's start with the list of salesforce interview questions.

Basic Salesforce Interview Questions And Answers

Q1). What is Salesforce CRM?

Salesforce is a cloud-based service as a software (SaaS) company, it has an application that users can access online. It uses a subscription pay-as-you-go business model. All data and information are kept in the cloud, making Salesforce available at all times from any device.

Q2).What are the advantages of Salesforce CRM?

Here are some of the top advantages of Salesforce CRM listed below -

  • Guaranteeing faster and improved sales prospects.
  • Organizing a logical approach to client attainment.
  • Reducing cost and refining customer gratification.
  • Mechanization of monotonous and less significant tasks.
  • Improved competence and improved message on all fronts.

Q3). Explain the meaning of custom objects in Salesforce?

Custom items are ones that users have generated. They provide knowledge that is exclusive and crucial to their business. They serve as the brains of all applications and give data exchange a framework.

Q4). Describe the functionality of custom objects in Salesforce?

These custom matters must be well-defined first and then the subsequent steps need to be taken:

  • Link records with custom objects.
  • The custom object data are exhibited in custom lists.
  • Generate a custom tab for the custom object.
  • Structure page layouts.
  • Generating dashboard & account for analyzing the custom object.
  • The custom tab, app, and entity can be shared
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Q5). Explain the object relationship summary?

In Salesforce, you can associate the normal and custom object accounts in a linked list. It is completed by an Objectby Object relationship summary. Numerous types of associations can be created to attach precise business cases with exact customers. It is probably to create a custom relationship on an object and describe numerous relationship types. This is one of the most frequently asked Salesforce interview questions, you cannot miss during your preparation. 

Q6). Describe the functionality of custom objects in Salesforce?

Custom objects are non-entity and database tables. It supplies information linked to your corporation in Salesforce. Once you have a well-defined custom object you can do subsequent things like.

  • Generate custom fields
  • Subordinate the custom object with other records
  • In the conventional related lists, it shows the custom object data
  • For the custom item, records track actions and responsibilities
  • Build page designs
  • For the practice object, generate a custom tab
  • To analyze custom object data, generate dashboards and reports
  • Share your convention tabs, practice apps, custom objects, and any additional related components.

Q7). Describe the meaning of the object relationship overview?

Object relationship overview in Salesforce is needed to associate convention object records to normal object records in a linked list. In other words, it is supportive to track product flaws related to customer cases. You can describe diverse types of relationships by generating custom relationship fields on an object.

Q8). What are the reasons that can cause data loss in Salesforce?

Data loss may occur due to the following explanations in Salesforce.

  • Altering data and date-time
  • Varying to percent, figure, and currency from other information types
  • Altering from a multi-select picklist, checkbox, auto figure to other types
  • Shifting to multi-select picklist from any kind excluding picklist
  • Altering to auto-number excluding from text
  • Altering from text-area to email, mobile, URL, and text.

Q9). What is the main purpose of using Salesforce?

Salesforce is a leading cloud-based service as a software (SaaS) company that allows businesses to use cloud services to better connect with their customers, partners remotely. It is packed with features like no other CRM software; helping businesses with features such as: 

Q10). What is SaaS in Salesforce?

SaaS is a payment-based platform, where clientele can always decide not to reintroduce if they are discontented. 

Q11).   How can SaaS be beneficial to Salesforce?

Here are a few benefits of SaaS in Salesforce.

  • Customers can circumvent a large preliminary asset in an IT infrastructure and day to day propel of sustaining infrastructure
  • SaaS customers deliver similar provider substructure and simple integration.
  • SaaS applications use an easy internet interface that makes it simpler for the customer to use.
  • SaaS always offers the newest platform to the client with modernization.

Q12). What are various object relations in Salesforce?

Salesforce provides the following types of object relationships:

  • Master-detail relationship.
  • Lookup relationship.
  • Self-relationship.
  • External lookup relationship.
  • Indirect lookup relationship.
  • Many-to-many relationship (junction object)
  • Hierarchical relationship.

Q13). What is a batch Apex class in Salesforce?

Batch Apexclass in salesforce is used to run large jobs that would exceed normal processing limits. Using Batch Apex, you can process heavy records asynchronously in batches (hence the name, “Batch Apex”) to stay within platform limits. This is how Batch Apex works under the hood.

Salesforce Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced

Q14). How does Salesforce deploy Sales Path?

Sales path is the part of Salesforce that sales reps focus onfocused. In the image below we have presented the step-wise process process  to deploy the Salesforce sales path:

Q15). What is a Master-Detail relationship in salesforce? 

Master-detail relationship in salesforce is like a parent-child relationship where master represents a parent and detail represents a child in which master object controls some behaviors of the detail child object. For whenever a Master object record is deleted then the detail object related to it automatically gets deleted. This 

Q16). What is the difference between master-detail and lookup relationships?

The Salesforce lookup relationships are independent of other records whereas the master-detail relationship has a direct dependency between the two objects. Lookup relationships can be used when we just need to have the relationship between two objects but not a direct dependency on each other.

Q17). Can two profiles be assigned to one user in salesforce?

Two different users can have the same profile in Salesforce but two profiles cannot be assigned to one user. 

One profile can be assigned to many users. For example, suppose the admin creates a sales profile. Now the admin has to give access to one sales profile to multiple members of the sales team as the same role can be given to multiple users but they all may or may not have the same permissions.

But the admin cannot give a user access to more than one profile because sales reps should only have access to the sales profile only. So two different profiles cannot be assigned to one user.

Q18). What is the difference between trigger and workflow? 

Workflow is an automated process that fires an action based on Evaluation criteria and rule criteria and lets you automate standard internal procedures and processes to save time across your org. Whereas Trigger is a piece of code that enables you to perform custom actions before or after a record is inserted or updated. The usage of the triggers lies when there is a need to update the particular record after and before the action has taken place. 

Q19). What is a dynamic dashboard in Salesforce? And how to create a new one?

Salesforce Dynamic Dashboard enables multiple users to access a dashboard that was previously accessed only by a single static user. They are used to display user-specific data, such as their personal quotas and sales, or a number of case closures, or leads converted, etc. 

To create a Salesforce Dynamic Dashboard, navigate to the Dashboards tab, click New Dashboard to create, name it, add a description if you'd like, and select the right folder for proper organization.

Q20). What are Standard and Custom Controllers? Can we use them together?

Standard Controllers: Standard Controllers are generated for all standard Salesforce pages, they fetch data and provide views such as page, list, dialog, or forms.  It provides data and facilitates binding a view's controls to the records fields for either display or input.

Custom Controllers: Custom Controllers is a class written in Apex that implements all of the logic for a page without leveraging a standard controller. It overrides the standard functionality and executes the logic of a page without utilizing the Standard Controllers. We can use custom controllers whenever we want to run a Visualforce page fully in system mode, without recognizing the security and permissions of the current user. Custom controllers code is written by you and does what your code tells them to perform.

We can use Standard controllers or Custom Controllers with extensions at a time. But it is not possible to use the Standard controller & a Custom controller both together at a time.

Admin Level Salesforce Interview Questions

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Q21). Explain briefly the details of Salesforce SaaS functionality?

Some of the key structures of Salesforce SaaS are:

  • A pay-as-you-go framework flawlessly suited for all clientele.
  • No hassle of substructure management.
  • All requests are retrieved via the internet.
  • Simple incorporation amid numerous applications.
  • The newest features are provided deprived of any postponement.
  • Definite uptime and safety.
  • Scalable presentation for numerous operations.
  • Capability to contact via mobile devices from any place.

Q22). How does Salesforce organize sales tracing?

Salesforce is very scrupulous when it comes to copying complicated details like sales statistics, client details, customer assisted, replication clientele, to generate thorough reports, charts, and consoles for keeping track of sales. If you have an associated team, the performance chart will show data based on the opportunities for your sales team. If not, the chart shows the opportunities you already have. Only opportunities with a likelihood of above 70% that they are closed or open for the current sales quarter are shown.

Interview Questions On Salesforce

Q23). How many associations are present in Salesforce?

The two significant relationships in Salesforce comprise:

  • Lookup Association
  • Master-Detail Association

Q24). Explain the meaning of Trigger in Salesforce?

A trigger in Salesforce is just a code that is implemented before or after a record is introduced or updated.

Q25). Describe the several Standard Profiles in Salesforce?

Describe the several Standard Profiles in Salesforce?

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  • System Superintendent – Customization and management of the application.
  • Normal User – Can edit, view, inform or erase one’s own record.
  • Read Only – Able to impartially view the accounts.
  • Solution Manager – Originates with standard user authorization but also can accomplish groups and available solutions.
  • Marketing User – Is able to import leads into the group along with standard user authorizations.

Q26). Describe the Force.com platform?

Force.com is the complete substructure and codebase on which the whole Salesforce application occurs. In other words, Salesforce is assembled on Force.com which is a Platform as a Service (PaaS) that leases to abridge the design, growth, and placement of cloud-based applications and websites. Salesforce designers can work with Cloud Combined Development Environment and organize the applications on the Force.com servers. This is one of the frequently asked basic Salesforce interview questions, you cannot miss during your preparation. 

Salesforce Technical Interview Questions 

Q27). List the numerous types of Reports accessible in Salesforce.

List the numerous types of Reports accessible in Salesforce.

Here are the Types of Reports Formats Available in Salesforce:

  • Tabular report: Tabular is the default report format in salesforce. In Tabular format, the grand total is displayed in a table format.
  • Matrix report: These reports provide the most detailed view of our data and allow you to group records both by row and by column.
  • Summary report: Summary reports are similar to tabular reports, but in these reports, you can group rows of data, view subtotals, and create charts.
  • Joined report: when two or more reports are joined into one, it creates a joined report that allows you to create multiple views of your data. 

CRM Salesforce Interview Questions

Q28). Describe the number of reports that can be added to the Salesforce dashboard?

Users can currently subscribe to up to 7 reports or dashboards and receive notifications anytime certain criteria are met. This upper bound is hardcoded, and it cannot be raised. Notes: Both Salesforce Classic and Lightning Experience have a limit of 7 subscribed reports.

Q29). Describe the different dashboard components.

Salesforce dashboard components are charts, tables, gauges, metrics, or other components that you can create with VisualForce.

dashboard

Various Salesforce dashboard components are:

  • Gauge: A gauge is used for showing a single value within a range of custom values to see how far you are from reaching a goal.
  • Chart: Salesforce charts are a helpful visual representation of your reports.
  • Tables: Tables can be used to get a view of the data that is close to the underlying dataset, and also can be used to manipulate and extend the data to expose fresh insights.
  • Metric: metric is used for displaying a single key-value pair. 

Other Visualforce dashboard components are:

  • Visualforce page: A Visualforce page is similar to a standard Web page used for creating a custom component or showing information not available in other component types. It includes powerful features to access, display, and update your organization's data.
  • Custom S-component: Custom S-components allows developers to define attributes that can be passed into each component. It provides content that can run or be displayed in a browser like an Excel file, ActiveX Control, Java applet, and so on.

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Q30). Explain the meaning of Visual force in Force.com?

The Visual force can be well-defined as the user edge for the Force.com platform. It is an element-based framework that can comprise over 100 built-in workings. It comprises a tag-based markup language and individually Visual force tag links to a sheet or field. The Visual force framework brings on the normal MVC example. It is conceivable to have tight incorporation with the folder and organize auto-generated organizers for database matters. Developers can practice Apex codes to write their own directors. It is also conceivable to access AJAX workings or generate your own mechanisms.

Q31). List the numerous object relations in Salesforce? 

Lookup and master-detail connections are the two major forms of object relationships. The relationship between the two objects in our Account to Contact example above is a lookup relationship.

Q32). Explain the meaning of static resources in Salesforce?

A static resource facilitates you to upload content that is in the format of .jar, .zip format, style bits, JavaScript, and so on. It is suggested to organize a still resource rather than uploading the file to the Papers tab since it is conceivable to set a set of files into a directory grading and upload it. These files can be effortlessly mentioned on a Visual force page.

Q33). Distinguish amid Salesforce Object Query & Object Search language?

Salesforce Object Query Language (SOQL) lets you find out only one object while the Salesforce Object Search Language (SOSL) lets you explore multiple objects. You can request all types of fields in SOQL, but you can request only text, email, and mobile numbers in SOSL. Data Manipulation Language processes can be achieved on query results but not on search outcomes.

Q34). What are the kinds of custom settings in Salesforce? What is the benefit of using custom settings?

There are two kinds of custom locations in Salesforce: List Custom Locations and Hierarchy Custom Surroundings.

  • List Custom Situations are a type of convention location that delivers a refillable set of static information that can be retrieved from your group regardless of user/ profile.
  • Hierarchy Custom Situations are the additional type of custom situations that practice built-in ranked logic for “personalizing” locations for exact profiles or users. The benefit of using custom situations is that it permits developers to create a traditional set of contact rules for numerous users and profiles.

Developer Level Technical Salesforce Interview Questions

Q35). Explain the meaning of static dashboards in Salesforce?

Static dashboards are the elementary dashboard types that will be noticeable to any operator who has made a statement out of his information. An instance of this is what a Sales Manager/ Marketing Manager would be capable of seeing on his Salesforce.org. In other confrontations, a normal console shows information only from a solitary user’s viewpoint.

Q36). Explain the meaning of dynamic dashboards?

Dynamic dashboards are cast off to display data that is custom-made to a definite user. Let us deliberate the same instance as above. In case the Sales manager wants to understand the report produced precisely to only one of his team members, then he can practice dynamic dashboards. With a Salesforce dynamic dashboard, you can display important data to a variety of stakeholders, including employees, CEOs, CFOs, clients, and customers, according to their rights and requirements, without having to construct separate dashboards for each one.

Q37). Can dynamic dashboards be planned?

You can practice dynamic dashboards when you need to display user-specific information of a specific user, such as their quotas and sales, or amount of case conclusions, or leads transformed, etc. You can also practice a normal/ stationary console when you want to display regional or organization-wide data to an established number of users, such as a specific region’s sales quantity, or a specific support team’s concert on case conclusions. As far as the subsequent part of the question is concerned, no we cannot plan a dynamic dashboard. That is because whenever we open the console, it will show the data produced in real-time.

Q38). Explain the different types of object relations in Salesforce? Specify the method to create them?

A two-way association between two items is what Salesforce refers to as an object relationship. On an object, relationships are made by adding custom relationship fields. Users can see and access relevant data when viewing records as a result of this. The different kinds of object relationships in Salesforce are:

Q39). How to create the Master-Detail Relationship in Salesforce?

It is a parent-child association in which the chief object assures the behavior of the subordinate child object. It is a 1: n association, in which there can be merely one parent, but numerous children. The chief idea you require to be distinguished is that being the supervisory object, the chief field cannot be unfilled. If a record/ field in the master object is erased, the consistent fields reliant on the object are also erased. This is named a force delete. Reliant on fields will receive the owner, allocation, and security locations from its master. You can describe master-detail relations amid two custom objects, or amid a custom object and normal object if the normal object is the main in the relationship.

Q40). When is Lookup Relationship used in Salesforce?

Lookup relationships are cast off when you want to generate a link amid two objects, but without the dependence on the parental object. Like Master-Detail association, you can think of this as a procedure of parent-child association where there is only unique parental, but numerous children i.e. 1: n association. The alteration here is that contempt being a supervisory field, erasing a record will not result in involuntary deletion of the lookup field in the child thing. Thus, the records in the child object will not be exaggerated and there is no cataract delete here. Nor will the child fields receive the owner, sharing, or safety locations of its parent.

While preparing for the interview, if you are confused about the future scope of Salesforce, this Future growth of a Salesforce developer guide can help you. 

Q41). When is Junction Relationship necessary in Salesforce? 

This type of relationship can happen when there is a necessity to generate two master-detail relations. Two master-detail relations can be twisted by connecting 3 custom objects. At this time, two objects will be chief objects and the third object will be reliant equally on the objects. In easy words, it will be a child entity for mutually the master objects.

APP Builder Based Interview Questions On Salesforce

Q42). Can you have a roll-up instantaneous field in the situation of the Master-Detail relationship?

Yes, you can have a roll-up instant in case of a master-detail association. But not in case of a lookup association. A roll-up instantaneous field is used to present value in a chief record based on the standards of a set of arenas in a record. The aspect record must be connected to the master through a master-detail relationship. There are 4 controls that you can do using the roll-up instantaneous field. You can sum the number of aspect records linked to a master record. Or, you can compute the sum, smallest value, or supreme value of a field in the aspect records.

Q43). Describe the meaning of the term “Data Skew” in Salesforce.

“Data skew” is a state which you will come across when working with a large client where there are over 10,000 records. When one solitary user owns that numerous records, we call that ailment ‘ownership data skew’. When such users achieve updates, presentation issues will come across since of “data skew”. This occurs when some single user/ members of a solitary role own most of the accounts for an object. When looking to outshine your Salesforce career, do not miss preparing to answer to such app builder Salesforce interview questions. 

Q44). What is the difference between a Role and a Profile in Salesforce?

As stated in one of the preceding Salesforce interview queries, a profile will eventually control contact to which records an operator has in a Salesforce org. No user can make an effort on Salesforce.org without being allocated a profile. The Profile is consequently compulsory for each user. Role though is not compulsory for each user. The main function of the Role/ Role grading is that it permits higher-level users in order to get entries to records possessed by lower-level users in the grading. An instance of that is Sales Managers getting contact with records possessed by Sales Reps while their competitors do not get in contact with it.

Q45). What are the instances of non-deterministic Force.com formula arenas?

This is how you should answer theseanswer to these types of app builder Salesforce interview questions.

Before we specify some of the instances, let me give you an outline of settled and non-deterministic formulary fields.

  • Formulation fields whose worth will be static are mentioned as deterministic fields.
  • While, formula fields whose value will be altered vigorously or whose standards will have to be intended on the fly, are mentioned as non-deterministic formula arenas.

A classic instance of that is a formulation returning the existing date and time. Some instances of non-deterministic fields in Force.com are:

  • Lookup arenas
  • Formula fields whose orientation spans over other objects.

Q46). Explain the meaning of an external ID in Salesforce? Explain the field data types that can be cast off as exterior IDs?

An exterior ID is a custom field that can be used as an exclusive identifier in a record. External IDs are mostly used while introducing records/ data. When introducing records, one amongst the many areas in those records is essential to be clear as a peripheral ID (unique identifier). A significant point to note is that only traditional fields can be used as External IDs. When looking to outshine your Salesforce career, do not miss preparing to answer suchanswer to such app builder Salesforce interview questions. 

APEX Salesforce Interview Questions

Q47). What do you understand by APEX in Salesforce?

Apex is a strongly typed OOPs language that is responsible for the execution of transaction control statements and the data flows. With the APEX, you can add necessary business logic to each system event. It is one of the top APEX-Based Salesforce interview questions so make sure to go through it once.  

Q45). What are the benefits of the APEX programming language? 

The benefits of APEX programming language are as follow:

  • Integrated
  • In-line salesforce Query Language
  • Easy to Use
  • Easy to Test
  • Version Control System
  • Multi-Tenant Architecture

Q48). When should you Use APEX for your cloud project? Share your personal experience.

Here are the instances where APEX can be used for different purposes and I have also used it for my past projects too.

  • Email services can be created with APEX.
  • Web services creation
  • Complex validation can be performed for multiple projects.
  • If there are any business processes that are not supported by the workflows.
  • To create the custom transaction logic and attach the same to another element.

This is one of the top APEX-Based Salesforce interview questions, do never miss preparing for them.  

Q49). Explain the working of APEX for the Force.com platform?

Most of the APEX elements run over the Force.com platform. The working of APEX programming language is like any other programming language where there is one compiler, interpreter, server, etc. The APEX code is understood by the APEX interpreter and compiled or executed by the compiler further. The compiled data is stored as metadata over the server and the final output is exchanged between machines. 

You can make your coding skills better, have a look at this handy guide on how to improve coding skills before we move further on Salesforce interview questions and answers. 

Q50). How to create Email services in APEX Salesforce?

This is an automated service with specific APEX classes, headers, attachments, or inbound emails, etc. For each email service, there can be multiple email addresses that can be added to exchange email messages in the future. APEX is a significant topic that you should be aware of while preparing for the Salesforce interview questions and answers. 

Q51). How will you define the Map classes in APEX Salesforce?

A Map class is a collection of value pairs where each entry has some significant unique ID and it is paired with a single value. It may be objects, data primitives, classes, data types, user-defined values, etc. Here is an example, where a map class represents the combination of countries and their currencies.

Country (Key)

United States

Japan

France

England

India

Currency (Value)

Dollar

Yen

Euro

Pound

Rupee

Q52). Define the syntax for the SOQL statement.

Define the syntax for the SQQL statement.

Q53). How will you define the APEX interface in Salesforce?

APEX interface is a collection of methods that were never implemented as global. It signifies the signature of the method, inputs, and final outputs. Developers can create third-party SaaS applications using Apex by gaining access to the Salesforce platform's client-server interfaces and back-end database. Salesforce developers can access user data on the platform through Apex's application programming interface (API).

Q54). How to identify a controller as being an extension?

Any Apex class with a function Object() { [native code] } that accepts a single argument of the type ApexPages is a controller extension. You can choose between StandardController and CustomControllerName, where CustomControllerName is the name of the custom controller you want to enhance. When a controller behaves as an extension it declares a constructor which takes another controller explicitly. 

For example: public myControllerExtension(ApexPages.StandardController stdController) {this.acct = (Account)stdController.getRecord(); }

Q55).  What are wizard controllers and how are they different from other controllers?

Wizard control eliminates the need to design forms to execute a step-by-step process in the actual business flow. It provides a mechanism that allows you to easily build the desired wizard as a collection of steps, add a new step if required, or reorder the steps. 

Wizard controllers are capable of managing multiple pages and state across each page that is not possible to manage by other controllers in VisualForce. As mentioned above, APEX is a significant topic that you should be aware of while preparing for the Salesforce interview questions and answers. 

Q56). What does the transient keyword do in Salesforce?

The transient keyword is used to declare instance variables that can not be saved and should not be transmitted as part of the view state for the visual force page. 

Q57). What is an attribute in Salesforce lightning?

Lightning Component Attributes (aura: attribute) are like member variables, making your lightning component more dynamic. Attributes used in lightning component code to store information to be referenced. Attribute tag is used to add an attribute to the Salesforce lightning component and App. Candidates miss such significant Salesforce interview questions, make sure you do not make this mistake. 

Salesforce Visualforce Interview Questions

In this section we have listed Visualforce related interview questions:

Q56).  What is AJAX typically used for in Visualforce?

Answer to Visualforce Salesforce Questions. 56

AJAX is primarily used for partial page updates in Visualforce, allowing the exchange of data between server and client without reloading the complete web page. Visualforce provides inbuilt support for the AJAX. Using the “rerender”  attribute, you can specify where the response should be rendered. It allows the client browser to avoid waiting for all data to arrive before allowing the user to act once more.

Q57).  Why use an Apex program within the Visualforce page?

Answer to Visualforce Salesforce Questions. 57

Apex is an object-oriented programming language that allows developers to execute flow and transaction control statements on the Lightning platform server in conjunction with Lightning Platform​ API calls.  Apex runs entirely on-demand on the Lightning Platform, enabling developers to add business logic to most system events, including button clicks, related record updates, and Visualforce pages. Code written in Apex can be easily initiated by Web service requests and from triggers on objects.

Q58). What are the different types of bindings used in Visualforce?

Answer to Visualforce Salesforce Questions. 58

Visualforce uses three types of bindings :

  1. Data binding: It refers to the binding dataset to your page from the controller.
  2. Action bindings: It refers to binding action methods to your page defined in the controller.
  3. Component bindings: It refers to the binding of other Visualforce components with your page.

Q59).  What are global variables in Salesforce?

Answer to Visualforce Salesforce Questions. 59

Global variables are defined as a special type of merge fields provided by Salesforce to reference general information about the current user and your organization on a page. They are referenced using Visualforce expression syntax to be evaluated, for example, {!$ User. FirstName} .

Q60). What are the Gov Limits in Salesforce.com?

Answer to Visualforce Salesforce Questions. 60

Governors or Gov. limits track and enforce the statistics outlined in the following table. These are per-transaction certified managed package limits, if a script ever exceeds a limit, the associated governor issues a runtime exception that cannot be handled.

Overview

Governor Limit

SOSL queries issued (total number)

220

DML statements issued (total number)

1650

Governor Limits in Salesforce for the total number of callouts (HTTP requests or web services calls) per transaction

1100

SendEmail methods allowed (total number)

110

Read: A Basic Overview for Salesforce Security

Salesforce Coding Interview Questions

Q63). Have you heard of the term Batch APEX? If yes, justify your answer.

Yes, Batch APEX is a technique that allows you to break a single job into multiple manageable chunks that can be further processed independently and combined when needed. Including major Salesforce coding interview questions in your preparation list.

Q64). Give an example of APEX triggers with syntax.

Give an example of APEX triggers with syntax.

Q65). Define Scheduler in APEX Salesforce?

APEX scheduler invokes the APEX class and runs the same at a specific time interval. Anybody interested in scheduling class must use the scheduled interface. The syntax of an APEX Scheduler class and interface is shown in the example below –

Define Scheduler in APEX Salesforce?

Q66). Name the different APEX triggers in Salesforce?

An APEX Trigger is a code executed before or after the following DML operations like Insert, Delete, Update, Merge, Upsert, Undelete, etc. There are two types of APEX triggers in Salesforce.

  • Before Triggers that are used to update or validate values of a record before they are saved to the database.
  • Triggers are used to access field values of the records that are then stored in the database and use these values to make changes in other records.Candidates miss these types of major interview questions, make sure you do not make this mistake. 

Q67). Define managed sharing in APEX?

Managed sharing in APEX is a capability that allows Salesforce developers and admins to share the resources. Specific permissions are set to manage the sharing and limit access. You are free to change the permissions whenever needed.

Q68). How to add the flows to the Visual Force pages?

Answer to salesforce coding interview questions. 66

How the add the flows to the Visual Force pages?

Q69). What do you mean by multi-tenant architecture in Salesforce?

This is an application where apps and users share a common code base and infrastructure. It allows the developer to simply create a Salesforce Application, upload it onto the cloud, and easily share it with various clients.

Q70). What do you understand about the Appexchange directory?

A marketplace called AppExchange provides products including software, parts, and consulting services. You must be a Salesforce partner in order to publicly make your own solution accessible to potential clients. The AppExchange directory makes it simple for Salesforce users to discover and download applications so they may utilize the platform for customer relationship management (CRM) and other purposes. 

Q71). How will you explain the data-driven development model in APEX?

In this development model, the app structure is defined as a ‘blueprint’ and there is no code required in the beginning. Data, objects, methods, relations, and the hierarchy can be defined as the metadata in the case of a metadata-driven development model.

Q72). Does Apex in Salesforce support DML operations?

Yes, Apex supports DML operation. It offers two ways to perform DML operations either by using DML statements or by Database class methods. It provides flexibility in performing data operations. DML statements are more straightforward to use and result in exceptions that can BE handled in your code.

Q73). What does Salesforce's Apex mean?

Apex is a highly typed OOP language that enables programmers to run transaction control statements and flow on servers running the Salesforce platform in addition to making API calls. It functions as database stored procedures and has syntax that is similar to Java. On the Lightning platform, the code can be started by triggers on objects and requests from web services.

Q74). How do permission sets work?

The user can gain access to a variety of tools and functions by using permission sets, which are collections of permissions and settings. For different users, permission sets can be utilized to increase their functional access without changing their profiles. You can develop and manage templates called permission sets that define a grouping of one or more IAM policies. Assigning AWS account access for people and groups in your company is made simpler by permission sets.

Q75). What is Salesforce Lightning?

The Salesforce Lightning platform offers resources for creating the company's cutting-edge UI and UX. Salesforce Lightning assists businesses in designing a cutting-edge user interface that increases productivity. Compared to Salesforce Classic, Salesforce Lightning has a more contemporary and user-friendly interface. It is simpler to use and increases productivity. Furthermore, Lightning gives users access to features that Classic does not, including the Einstein Analytics platform and the Salesforce1 Mobile App.

Q76). What is Lightning App Builder?

Giving your users everything they need in one place is simple with the point-and-click Lightning App Builder, which makes it simple to develop custom pages for the Salesforce mobile app and Lightning Experience. With the help of the Lightning Out technology, one may add Lightning components created on the Force.com platform to third-party programmes such as Sharepoint, SAP, Node projects on Heroku, and many more.

Q77). What is a typical profile, and what are some examples?

A standard profile is one that Salesforce assigns to its users. These profiles must abide by the Salesforce permission sets given to them and cannot be deleted.  This is a significant topic to go through when you are looking for the best Salesforce interview question and answer. Here is an example- I am a person who works hard and is enthused, motivated by myself, dependable, and responsible. I am a responsible team player who can easily adjust to any difficult circumstances. I am able to work well both in a team environment as well as using own initiative. I am able to work well under pressure and adhere to strict deadlines.

Q78). What level of test coverage is necessary before deploying to production?

To deploy to production, test coverage must meet a minimum standard of 75%. The apex class or trigger cannot be deployed to production if this condition is not met. Don’t miss to go through such major topics while preparing for the Salesforce interview.  100% test coverage simply implies that you have created enough tests to cover each and every line of code in your application. Nothing more or less, just that.

Q79). How many formula fields can be created in Salesforce reports?

A report can cover up to 5 Custom Summary Formula fields. This cap cannot be raised because it is hard-coded. Increase Limits for Summary Formula Fields in Reports on the IdeaExchange is where you may submit a change request to have this limit increased in a subsequent Salesforce release.

Q80). Which framework does Lightning employ?

Component-based architecture is used by Lightning. A UI framework for creating single page applications for desktop and mobile platforms is called Lightning Components. The Lightning Web Components model and the old Aura Components model are the two programming models you can use to create Lightning components as of Spring 2019 (API version 45.0).

Q81). What is a dynamic dashboard?

Details are displayed via dynamic dashboards based on the user's security preferences. Regardless of what a viewer is authorized to view in Salesforce, dynamic dashboards can be tailored to their needs.

Q82). What is a bucket field?

A field known as a bucket field aids in classifying records in a report. It can function as in any other field to sort or filter your report. Without having to develop a custom formula field at the object level, the bucket field feature lets you quickly group values for a field in a report. A bucket is a specially made category that you establish for reporting. A Salesforce report and documentation tool is called bucketing.

Q83). Describe the queue.

A queue is used to store a predetermined collection of users and things. A queue is described as a linear data structure with open ends and FIFO (First In, First Out) execution of operations. A queue, according to our definition, is a list in which all additions are made at one end and all deletions are made at the other.

Q84). What are webservices?

Webservices is a feature that facilitates integration. Web applications that communicate with other web applications for the purpose of transferring data are known as web services. They are built on open standards (XML, SOAP, HTTP, etc.). Any programme, application, or cloud technology that offers established web protocols (HTTP or HTTPS) for interoperability, communication, and data messaging—typically XML—is considered to be a web service (Extensible Markup Language).

Q85). Describe JSON.

JSON (Javascript Object Notation) (Javascript Object Notation). XML is heavier than JSON. JSON is text and can easily be transformed to Javascript and vice versa when moving data between two communication channels. It is frequently employed for data transmission in online applications (e.g., sending some data from the server to the client, so it can be displayed on a web page, or vice versa).

Q86). What is the way to erase reports from a data loader?

Reports cannot be deleted using a data loader. All you need to delete data is a CSV file with the object IDs you want to remove in one of the columns. Once you have this, follow the steps listed below. Before deleting the data in dataloader.io, you must first build a delete job.

Q87). What is a wrapper class?

A class, data structure, or abstract data type whose instances are a group of other objects is known as a wrapper or container class. A class that contains the primitive data types is known as a wrapper class (int, char, short, byte, etc.). To put it another way, wrapper classes offer a means of using primitive data types—such as int, char, short, byte, and others—as objects. Under Java, there are classes like these. Did you know you can join and learn Salesforce online anytime you want? 

Q88). Reports allow for the creation of formula fields.

Except for tabular reports, formula fields can be utilized in all other reports. The formula must be expressed as a number, a percentage, or a currency.

Q89). Is it possible to use Aura inside of a LWC and vice versa?

No, we cannot use an LWC inside an Aura component. However, we may do the converse and use an LWC inside an Aura component. Flows, page components, etc., can all use LWC. Prepare for these kinds of Salesforce interview questions to crack your interview at Salesforce on the first attempt. 

Q90). How many and what size custom labels can you define?

For each organization, a minimum of 5000 bespoke labels may be produced. There are over 1000 characters on the label.

Q91). Describe Salesforce's deterministic formula fields.

The value in the deterministic formula is static or well-known. Be sure to review such major topics while preparing for the Salesforce interview. Custom fields called "formula fields" allow you to dynamically determine a field's value based on other fields, expressions, or values. Formula fields can filter SOQL searches, just like any other field. 

You can learn all about Salesforce in Online Salesforce Training.

Q92). What is the App Launcher Namespace's User?

App Launcher is a technique that will care for the App's appearance, visibility, and order. The AppLauncher namespace offers methods for controlling the visibility and sort order of apps in the App Launcher.

Q93). What is the policy on sharing?

Whenever a user wanted to grant access to another user, the sharing rules were implemented. Sharing policies govern how your users share their calendars with persons outside of your organization. One or more sharing policy attributes, such as the sharing rules, the free/busy access level, the temporary disablement of a sharing policy, or the removal of a sharing policy, may need to be changed. Learn Salesforce online, and then you can master the policy of sharing and many more essential aspects of Salesforce.

Q94). What does Salesforce mean by "Data Skew"?

When working for a large firm, you will see data skew when there are more than 10,000 records, a condition in Salesforce. Users will therefore experience performance issues when making updates. Data skew is to blame for it happening.

Q95). What does the sObject type mean?

Any item that can be kept in the Force.com platform database is called a sObject. Any object may be represented using the generic sObject abstract type in Apex. Get ahead of everyone and ace any interview with Online Salesforce Training.

Q96). What distinguishes Apex's public and global classes?

Regardless of namespaces, global classes are available throughout the Salesforce instance.

Public classes, however, can only be accessed within their respective namespaces.

Q97). What exactly do getter and setter methods do?

Values are passed from the controller to the VF page via the get (getter) function.

On the other hand, the value is restored to the controller variable using the set (setter) method.

Q98). How many assignment rules can be active once in a lead or case?

One rule can only be in effect at once. Be sure to review such major topics while preparing for the Salesforce interview. 

Q99). What is Static Resource?

You can add content to the Static Resource to use as a reference on the Visualforce page. The resources may include stylesheets, pictures, JavaScript, and other files and archive files like.zip and.jar files. These files are managed and distributed via the Lightning platform, which serves as a CDN (Content Distribution Network).

Q100). What does a Salesforce API mean? How can we use it?

To access data from Force.com or Database.com, Salesforce has a variety of APIs. Prepare for these kinds of Salesforce interview questions to crack your interview at Salesforce on the first attempt. 

Q101). What is contained in the Data Wrapper Class?

This class includes collected, structured, and abstract data. This way, you should present the Salesforce answers.

Q102). Is a Method's Return Type a requirement?

Yes, a method must have a return type. Be sure to review such major topics while preparing for the Salesforce interview. 

Q103). For a lengthy statement, how long is Bit Variable?

A 64-bit statement is lengthy. Prepare for these kinds of Salesforce interview questions to crack your interview at Salesforce on the first attempt. 

Q104). Describe S-Control.

The most common Salesforce.com widgets that are entirely JavaScript-based are called S-Controls. Although they are carried out client-side, these are hosted by Salesforce. VisualForce has since supplanted S-Controls in use. You can master all about Salesforce via Online Salesforce Training.

Q105). What does Salesforce's wrapper class mean?

A data structure, class type, or abstract data type that holds numerous collections of objects is referred to as a wrapper or container. It facilitates the table-based display of numerous objects on a VisualForce page.

Q106). What are sites for force platforms?

Applications and websites that are accessible to the general public and are directly integrated with your Salesforce business. Be sure to review such major topics while preparing for the Salesforce interview. 

Q107). What does Salesforce's Tab mean?

A tab is a user interface that shows users embedded web information or custom object data. In Salesforce, there are three different categories of tabs:

  • Individual Tabs.
  • Tabs for Visualforce.
  • Online tabs.

Q108). Describe the escalation rules.

According to the guidelines outlined in the escalation rule entry, escalation rules are applied to escalation instances. To decide what happens when the case escalates, we can also build escalation actions and rule entries. A case may be transferred to a support queue or another agent under the escalation rule.

Q109). What are the validation rules?

We can apply specific logic and validation rules to help maintain data integrity within our organization. On the object, we can specify the conditions that are not true. For instance, if the account does not contain the address, we do not want to mark the opportunity as closed.

Q110). Why is a workflow time-dependent?

Before closing the record, we do time-dependent actions at specific moments. After some time, the record is re-evaluated by the workflow. Before executing the actions, it determines whether the workflow rule's requirements have been met. Prepare for these kinds of Salesforce interview questions to crack your interview at Salesforce on the first attempt. 

Q111). Explain Auto-Response.

By setting up an auto-response rule, auto-responders send emails to leads or cases based on specific record attributes and swiftly address client questions or problems. We can simultaneously establish one rule for a lead and another for a case.

Q112). Explain the approval procedure.

The Approval process in Salesforce is a series of procedures for approving records. Tracking who approved something and when that decision was made is another benefit of an approval process. Various approval models, alerting approvers, and conditional logic for who has to support are all included.

Q113). Describe Change Set.

A change Set is a collection of elements that can be moved across the connected organizations (from a sandbox to the production, sandbox to the sandbox, etc.). Be sure to review such significant topics while preparing for the Salesforce interview. Be ahead of the crowd with proper Online Salesforce Training and get your dream job by acing any interview.

Q114). Can you give a high-level explanation of the software development lifecycle?

The Software Development Life Cycle outlines a step-by-step process for implementing IT systems considered best practices. Planning, analysis, design, implementation, testing & integration, and maintenance are some of these phases.

Q115). Apex test coverage: what is it?

Developers must achieve a minimum test coverage of 75¾fore deploying Apex, written in a sandbox to production.

As a result, programmers must create test classes that run through their code to verify that it is of high quality and will function properly in production.

Q116). What is an Apex Trigger?

Developers create Apex Triggers to launch logic before or after a record is saved. As was previously said, Salesforce's Apex can handle even the most complicated automation scenarios.

Q117). When is Flow preferable to Apex?

Although Apex has always been king regarding advanced Salesforce automation tools, Salesforce has recently redesigned Flow to make it functionally near to Apex. Even Salesforce's chief technology officer, Parker Harris, has been cited as saying, "Just because it's possible to write code, doesn't mean you should write code."

Q118). What distinguishes Visualforce from Lightning Development?

Developers can utilize the Visualforce and Lightning frameworks to make unique user experiences for Salesforce.

As a tag-based markup language based on HTML, Visualforce was predominantly employed during the "period" of Salesforce Classic. While using HTML and Javascript, Lightning is a contemporary, componentized UI framework.

Q119). What purpose does serves SQL serveSOQL?

To search Salesforce data while developers build custom logic, they use SOQL, also known as Salesforce Object Query Language. Data can be retrieved from a single object or several related objects using SOQL, which has a structure akin to SQL.

Q120). A dynamic dashboard: what is it?

Dynamic dashboards are an excellent method to give users a tailored experience when viewing a particular dashboard. It enables a dashboard's data to alter depending on which User is seeing it. This way, you should present the Salesforce answers.

Q121). What is a Junction Object?

In Salesforce, many-to-many relationships are created using a junction object. This object is used when a one-to-many or a typical parent-child relationship is ineffective.

Q122). What is Salesforce Customer 360?

Salesforce has been working to develop a line of solutions that would provide platform users access to a complete 360-degree view of their customers for several years.

It implies that Salesforce users can view every interaction with a client, from the initial internet inquiry to the products the consumer has purchased and any problems or questions they may have with those products.

Q123). What do Salesforce validation rules entail?

The Salesforce validation rules help enforce the integrity restrictions on the data. In the formula editor, we provide several criteria in the validation rule such that if one fails, Salesforce checks the following condition, and so on. The record is saved if all the requirements are unmet and a suitable error message is displayed. Preparing for these kinds of Salesforce interview questions to crack your interview at Salesforce on the first attempt. 

Q124). What is a sObject type?

A row of data is represented by a sObject variable, which can only be declared in Apex using the object's SOAP API name. For instance, MyCustomObject c co = new MyCustomObject c() and Account a = new Account(). Similar to the SOAP API, Apex permits representing any object with the generic sObject abstract type.

Q125). What and WhoId in activities, exactly?

WhoID uses Lead ID or contact ID in activities and is utilized for people's things. When referencing objects in activities, WhatID uses either an Account ID or an Opportunity ID. WhoId, labeled as "Name" on the Task and Event objects, is utilized for our "human" objects, Contacts, and Leads. WhatId is used on numerous other non-human-related objects and is noted as "Related To" on those same objects.

Q126). What level of test coverage is necessary before deploying to production?

Verified by an expert A code is deployed to production by continuous deployment. To make changes transparent to application users, continuous deployment is a software release technique in which any code update that passes automated testing is immediately pushed into the production environment. Test coverage must meet a minimum standard of 75% to deploy to production. If this condition is unmet, the apex class or trigger cannot be deployed to production.

Q127). How many records may a report have on a single page?

We can display 2000 records on a page using Salesforce. The option to export the records into an Excel file is available if we need to display more records. The property sheet will appear after you choose the text box and click F4. On the Data tab, click. Type =Count(*) in the Control Source property box. Even though some fields in some records are null, this expression uses the Count function to count all the records in the report or group.

Q128). Can a data loader be used to erase reports?

Reports cannot be deleted using a data loader, sorry. Reports allow for the creation of formula fields.

Except for tabular reports, formula fields can be utilized in all other reports. The formula must be expressed as a number, a percentage, or a currency.

Q129). What kinds of reports are suitable for creating dashboards?

Like summary reports, matrix reports let you arrange and summarize data by rows and columns. They may be utilized as the dashboard's source report. Operational, strategic, and analytical dashboard reports are available for use. Each of these facilitates decision-making for various company stakeholders.

Q130). Describe a workflow.

The series of actions required to finish a task is known as the workflow. Except for the first and last steps, every step in a process has a distinct step immediately before and immediately after it. In a linear workflow, an external event often starts the initial step.

Q131). What does an approval procedure entail?

The approval process serves as a step-by-step manual for the User to approve a specific process. An approval process is a type of workflow comprising a series of steps a work must pass to be approved. The steps typically involve different departments and employees who review the work and either approve or reject it.

Q132). How can we prevent recurrent triggers? What are they?

A recursive trigger is one in which the actions of another trigger repeatedly call upon the exact trigger. This way, you should present the Salesforce answers. A recursive trigger executes an action, such as an update or insert, and then triggers itself as a result of, let's say, another action it executes, like an update. Recursion is the process of performing a task repeatedly. With Recursive Trigger, there may be a potential to reach the Governor Limit.

Q133). Describe the queue.

A queue is used to store a predetermined assortment of people and objects. Any person in the queue can take up and finish a work allocated to it. A queue is described as a linear data structure with open ends and FIFO (First In, First Out) execution of operations. According to our definition, a queue is a list in which all additions are made at one end, and all deletions are made at the other.

Q134). What is a fusion? Explain.

Two applications are connected by integration. Many programs used in a company were not made or designed to interact with one another. Integration assists the business in achieving the highest levels of application quality, consistency, and efficiency.

Q135). What exactly are assertions?

The real value and the expected value are compared using assert statements. A remark that the speaker believes to be true is referred to as an assertion. For example, any statement can be an assertion: "I assert that the best investing philosophy is core value investing." However, it is challenging to determine whether the assertion is accurate.

Q136). Describe seeAllData.

The test classes cannot recognize the data in the database by default. Therefore, we must specify @isTest(seeAllData=true) for it to do so. SeeAllData=true is typically used to give test classes and individual test methods access to all data in the organization, including pre-existing data that the test did not produce. It is beneficial for testing code built in Salesforce.

Q137). Is it possible to use Aura inside of a LWC and vice versa?

No, we cannot use an LWC inside an Aura component. However, we may do the converse and use an LWC inside an Aura component. Flows, page components, etc., can all use LWC. Because of how the Lightning Platform is designed, we can incorporate LWC components into Aura Components and Visualforce Pages. The reverse, however, is not possible. Lighting Web Components do not support the embedding of Aura and Visualforce components.

Q138). A wrapper class: what is it?

A class, data structure, or abstract data type whose instances are a group of other objects is a wrapper or container class. A class that contains the primitive data types is known as a wrapper class (int, char, short, byte, etc.). To put it another way, wrapper classes offer a means of using primitive data types such as int, char, short, byte, and others as objects. Under Java, there are classes like these.

Q139). Which framework does Lightning employ?

Lightning uses component-based architecture. LIGHTNING COMPONENTS IS a UI framework for creating single-page applications for desktop and mobile platforms. The Lightning Web Components model and the old Aura Components model are the two programming models you can use to create Lightning components as of Spring 2019 (API version).

Q140). A bucket field is what?

A field known as a bucket field aids in classifying records in a report. It can be used like any other field to group, sort, or filter your report. Without needing to develop a custom formula field at the object level, Salesforce's Bucket Field is a helpful feature that lets you quickly categorize values for a field in a report. A bucket is a specially made category that you establish for reporting. A Salesforce report and documentation tool is called bucketing.

Q141). How can we prevent recurrent triggers? What are they?

A recursive trigger is one in which the actions of another trigger repeatedly call upon the exact trigger. An easy way to prevent this is to create a static variable and check its value before triggering it.

Q142). What are Static Resources?

 Static resources enable us to upload files, pictures, and libraries that are.zip and.jar archived. Static resources let you upload assets you may use as references in a Visualforce page, like photos, style sheets, JavaScript, and archives (like.zip and.jar files). You cannot host content for other apps or websites on static resources because they can only be used inside your Salesforce org. Learn Salesforce online and be prepared for these interview questions.

Q143). What does "floating report header" mean?

When we scroll the report page, we may see the column headers shown on each page using floating report headers. The header of a report is effectively frozen when it is set to "float" so that it always appears at the top of the page, regardless of scrolling. The header information is always displayed for consumers to understand what data they view, even if your report has hundreds of rows.

Q144). How is the "floating report header" enabled?

In Salesforce, go to Setup=>Customize=>Reports and Dashboards=>User Interface options to enable a floating report header. Users can scroll to the bottom of long reports with floating report headers without having to scroll back up to see the titles of the column headings. Users can easily sort data in a particular column by clicking the floating report headers.

Toggle the floating report header option.

Q145). What does Salesforce.com's analytical snapshot mean?

Salesforce's analytical snapshots are used to generate reports based on old data. Salesforce describes analytic snapshots as "enabling you to periodically plan the loading of data from a Custom Report to a Custom Object." As a result, you may build Reports and Dashboards using the information in the Custom Object.

Q146). What is Workflow?

As records are produced and updated in an object, Salesforce Workflow analyses them to apply automatic processes, including task assignment, emailing, field updates, and sending outgoing messages.

Q147). Time-Dependent Workflow: What is it?

Workflows that depend on time are not carried out independently. As long as the workflow rule condition is actual, time-dependent processes remain in the workflow queue.

Q148). What workflow requirements cannot be met before "time-dependent workflow action" is created?

When the subsequent actions occur, time-dependent actions in workflow rules cannot be added if a workflow rule is in effect. When there are, pending actions in the queue and the workflow rule is deactivated, a record's workflow rule criteria are set to "generated" and "edited," respectively.

Q149). What variations were found in the possible actions while constructing a workflow for a Task?

When setting up a workflow for a task, the "Send Email" step is missing. Based on the procedures used by your company, workflow automates the following types of actions: Update the value of a field on a record with a field update. Email one or more people you select using the email alerts feature. Please assign a new task to a user, role, or record owner.

Q150). "Drag and drop dashboard" is accessible to whom?

Users with the necessary rights can access the drag & drop dashboard. The drag-and-drop dashboard builder is a user-friendly interface for creating dashboards using Salesforce Visualforce pages or source reports. You can add charts to reports and record page layouts and dashboards.

Q151). Which report types are suitable for dashboard elements?

Dashboard components use summary reports and matrix reports. In Salesforce, you can produce reports in four formats: tabular, summary, matrix, and joined. Depending on what you want from a report, each is ideally suited to display various data types.

Q152). What kind of authorization is necessary to set a running user other than yourself in the dashboard?

The User must have "View All Data" permission to set the running users. This way, you should present the Salesforce answers. The reader can access the dashboard as themselves or as anyone else in their job hierarchy if they have the user permission to View My Team's Dashboards. The reader can access the dashboard as any user with the View All Data user authorization. Press Save. Then click Save once more from the Dashboard Builder. Learn Salesforce online and succeed in your career by answering all the interview questions with grace and confidence.

Q153). Who can execute Reports?

When we click on a report name in Salesforce.com, most reports launch automatically. Click "Run Report" to have a report run automatically if we want to. The administrator only needs to allow this permission in the Profile's General User Permissions section when every User needs to run a report. Use Permission Set in its place to grant this permission to users with various profiles.

Q154). How effective is the sales force in tracking sales?

Salesforce keeps track of all pertinent information, including the number of customers served daily, daily sales volume, detailed reports from the sales manager, and monthly or quarterly sales figures. Additionally, it maintains track of recurring customers, essential for any sales organization to succeed.

Q155). Can a dynamic dashboard in Salesforce be scheduled?

No, a dynamic dashboard cannot be scheduled in Salesforce. This is a significant topic for the best Salesforce interview question and answer. 

Q156). If an error message reads, "This list contains no rows for assignment," what does it mean?

The list you are attempting to access has no values, as shown by the error message "list has no rows for assignment.” When a query doesn't yield any results, the error "List has no rows for assignment to SObject" appears. When an erroneous quote process ID is in the Quote's Quote Process ID field, the error "List contains no rows for assignment to SObject" will appear. This field is designed to have a workflow rule fill it with data.

Q157). List the elements that can be changed in page designs.

Various page layout elements are customizable, including fields, buttons, custom links, and related lists. Sections can also be made. The page layout editor consists of two main components: the record's page layout on the lower portion of the screen and a palette in the upper part of the screen (2). The palette provides the fundamental components you can add and arrange on your website, including fields, actions, buttons, links, and related lists.

Q158). What is "Self Relationship"?

A lookup relationship to the same object is called a self-relationship. Consider the concept of "Merchandise." Here, we can connect objects of the same type and Account to Account. It is referred to as "Self Relationship."

Q159). What are the primary factors that must be considered in the "Master-Detail Relationship"?

The parent determines record level access, mandatory on the kid for the parent's reference; cascade delete (if you delete the parent, it can cascade delete the child).

Q160). What distinguishes SOQL and SOSL?

SOQL(Salesforce Object Query Language) (Salesforce Object Query Language) We can only search for one object at a time while using SOQL. Any field of any datatype is available for querying. Classes and triggers both support SOQL. SOSL(Salesforce object Search Language) (Salesforce Object Search Language) We can search over numerous things simultaneously using SOSL. Only fields with text, phone, and email data types are available for querying.

Q161). How do insert() and database? Insert () vary from one another?

We can insert records using the insert method, but if any errors are found in any records, the system will throw an error, causing no data to be inserted. We will utilize a database. Insert to execute a successful bulk insert operation partially.

Q162). Differentiate between Force.com and Salesforce.com.

Both are essentially the same, but they function differently.

Salesforce.com assists in developing CRM-functionality-based applications, such as an iPhone "app" that stores contact information, places call, and perform typical phone operations.

A data model and user interface, such as an iPhone OS environment that can be used to create and execute apps, can be customized using Force.com.

Q163). What does governor Limit mean in Salesforce?

Governor Limits in Salesforce help you limit the information or records you can store in the shared databases. Salesforce stores data from various clients in a single database. Â This is a significant topic for the best Salesforce interview question and answer.

Q164). How come different domains are used to serve Visual force pages?

You can serve from a variety of domains with the use of visual force pages. It enables you to raise security protocols and aids in the prevention of cross-site scripting.

Q165). How does Salesforce use bucket fields?

In Salesforce, bucket fields can be used to organize items based on their field values. However, these fields are never created on the Salesforce platform and are only present in the report section.

Q166). Can getter and setter methods be written in Salesforce?

Yes, we can program the getter method in Salesforce to retrieve a variable's value from visual force pages and the setter function to change the value of that particular variable.

Q167). How can users be frozen or deleted in Salesforce.com?

Salesforce.com does not allow for the deletion of users, although the Freeze option can be used to deactivate a user.

Go to: to "freeze" a user.

Settings > User Management > Users

Q168). What is Field Dependency?

Field Dependencies are filters in Salesforce that allow users to edit their content and manage how one field's value is dependent on another field's value. In Field Dependency, two additional fields are.

This is a significant topic for the best Salesforce interview question and answer. 

Q169). What does Salesforce's Workflow mean?

Salesforce workflow is business logic that enables you to automate your firm's routine activities and procedures, saving you a substantial amount of time.

Q170). Who has access to the dashboard with drag and drop?

The drag-and-drop dashboard is accessible to those who have managed dashboards. The term "drag and drop analytics" describes embedded analytics and business intelligence (BI) solutions that let both technical and non-technical people quickly access and analyze data, as well as create dashboards and bespoke reports using a visual drag and drop interface (UI).

Q171). What is a Casean Case Team? (EE/UE)

Case teams allow for open communication and teamwork while resolving client difficulties. A case team is a group of users on users who on a case, such as contacts or partners. For instance, a product manager, a support representative, and a support manager might be on your care team.

Q172). Describe folders.

They are used to arrange papers, reports, dashboards, and email templates. Access is explicit and does not roll up through the role hierarchy. It is defined as either Read or Read/Write. You may save documents, email templates, dashboards, reports, and more in folders. Folders can be read-only or read/write, made public, hidden, or shared. By roles, permissions, public groups, and licensing kinds, you can manage who has access to its contents.

Q173). What is Workflow?

With Salesforce Workflow, you can automatically:

  1. Make and send email notifications, Make tasks, and assign them to replace field values with formulas or particular values as needed.
  2. Create and send outgoing API messages.
  3. Create and carry out time-based actions.

Q174). Describe Salesforce's deterministic formula fields.

The value in the deterministic formula is static or well-known. Deterministic Formula Field Custom Indexes Custom fields called "formula fields" allow you to dynamically determine a field's value based on other fields, expressions, or values. Formula fields can filter SOQL searches, just like any other field.

Q175). Who or what is the App Launcher Namespace's User?

App Launcher is a technique that will care for the App's appearance, visibility, and order. The AppLauncher namespace offers methods for controlling the visibility and sort order of apps in the App Launcher. The namespace for the AppLauncher contains the following class. It contains instructions for customizing how apps show in the App Launcher. Represents the Experience Cloud website's logo.

Q176). What is the policy on sharing?

Whenever a user wanted to grant access to another user, the sharing rules were put into effect. Sharing policies govern how your users share their calendars with persons outside of your organization. One or more sharing policy attributes, such as the sharing rules, the free/busy access level, the temporary disablement of a sharing policy, or the removal of a sharing policy, may need to be changed.

Q177). Justify the visibility enum. 

When a cached value is said to be visible, it is either visible in all namespaces or just the namespace in which it was cached. An enum is an abstract data type whose values can only be one of a limited number of predefined identifiers.

Q178). What function does a static resource provide in Salesforce? 

You can submit zip files, photos, jar files, JavaScript, and CSS files that can be referred to in a visual force page with static resources. For an organization, static resources should not exceed 250 MB in size.

Q179). PermissionSet definition

A permission set, or permission set, is a collection of permissions that can provide one or more users greater access without modifying or reassigning their profiles. You can develop and manage templates called permission sets that define a grouping of one or more IAM policies. Assigning AWS account access for people and groups in your company is made simpler by permission sets.

Q180). Explain SaaS.

Software as a Service (SaaS) allows us to construct applications without buying the necessary software outright by using a cloud service. SaaS supports web services and service-oriented architecture.

Q181). What data management features does Salesforce offer?

Two data management tools are provided in Salesforce, and they are as follows:

  • Wizard for Data Import
  • Loader of Data

Q182). What is Field Dependency?

Field Dependencies are filters in Salesforce that allow users to edit their content and manage how one field's value is dependent dependant on another field's value. Filters called field dependencies let us modify a picklist's items dependent on the value of a different field. You can restrict the values displayed based on a value for another field, like Zone, rather than showing every possible value for Region in a single picklist.

Q183). What is a Workflow Alert?

Workflow Alert is an email sent to multiple recipients due to a workflow rule or approval procedure in Salesforce. Workflow Rules are automated procedures that cause a particular action to be taken when a given event takes place, such as changing a field on a particular object or adding a new record. An automated email alert is one of the activities that an occurrence can bring on.

Q184). What permission is needed if you want to set a running user on your dashboard other than yourself?

In this case, "View All Data" access is needed to add another running user to the dashboard. The reader can access the dashboard as themselves or as anyone else in their job hierarchy if they have the user permission to View My Team's Dashboards. The reader can access the dashboard as any user with the View All Data user authorization. Press Save. then click Save once more from the Dashboard Builder.

Q185). Can the reports be deleted by using Data Loader Tools?

Reports in Salesforce cannot be deleted by Data Loader tools also. You can only use Dataloader to extract report data. If the report object is accessed by Dataloader or another api tool, it is a ReadOnly object.

Q186). What are the ideal method methods for formulating Contact Sharing Rules?

The default settings are used throughout the organization for the read, read/write, and write rights. Keep the total number of ownership-based sharing rules per object at 100, and the total number of criteria-sharing rules per object at 50, as a best practice practice. If a user has access to a record under more than one sharing rule, the User receives the access level with the most latitude.

Q187). What is a Standard Profile?

Every Salesforce org uses standard profiles, making altering settings possible. Users may be given standard profiles in some organizations. Still, they will need help to access or alter them, such as in Contact Manager and Groups Editions, where it is not feasible to create a custom profile.

Q188). What does an approval procedure entail?

The approval process is a step-by-step manual for the User to follow to approve a specific process. A workflow known as an approval process consists of several processes that a piece of work must pass through to be authorized. Different departments and individuals are often involved in the phases, who examine the work and either accept or reject it.

Q189). Describe the queue.

A queue is used to store a predetermined collection of users and things. Any person in the queue can take up and finish a work allocated to it.

Q190). Is it possible to use Aura inside of a LWC and vice versa?

No, we cannot use an LWC inside an Aura component. However, we may do the converse and use an LWC inside an Aura component. Flows, page components, etc. can all use LWC.

Q191). How can we customize a Salesforce instance? What programming languages are available?

Apex is a server-side language with a Java-like syntax used to customize Salesforce. Java is an excellent place to start if you want to code in Salesforce utilizing the programming languages Apex (custom code) and Visualforce (user interface). The programming language Java is popular across many platforms and OSs, including Windows, Linux, and Mac OS.

Q192). What is the release model for Salesforce?

Salesforce releases significant upgrades thrice yearly in the spring, summer, and winter. Although the exact dates for these vary, sandbox instances are updated to enable testing of any adjustments in an org 4-6 weeks before a release.

Q193). What is an Apex global class?

A global Apex class is an Apex class that has the global access modifier in its declaration. It indicates that any Apex code executing in any namespace can see and use the class.

Q194). How can our Apex code be debugged?

We can produce debug logs for the executed code while the Apex code executes. These logs give information about what transpired during execution, any thrown exceptions, and anything passed to the system—Debug () function call.

Q195). How are we going to interface with outside REST web services?

We typically use HTTP callouts to invoke external APIs when interfacing with REST web services that are external to us. This is a significant topic for the best Salesforce interview question and answer. 

Q196). How can Salesforce link with an outside system?

Salesforce's integrated REST API is available for simple interfaces with external applications. It could be used for record creation, updating, or querying for custom or specialized incoming integrations.

Q197). What distinguishes Aura components from Lightning Web Components?

Using Web Components, created to function in a lightweight and performant manner, Lightning Web Components is constructed utilizing current web standards to create unique HTML elements. Although they still use JavaScript and HTML for development, Aura components are built using the legacy Lightning Component architecture.

Q198). How can we make our Apex code enforce Sharing Rules?

We can utilize the sharing keywords in the definition of our class. When we need code that should handle this dynamically, we may also use the inherited sharing keywords, which inherit the sharing modifier from its calling class.

Q199). What is a roll-up summary field?

Roll-up summary fields are found on the master side of a master-detail relationship. These fields' values are calculated using an aggregate of the relationship's detail side; this might be anything from the total number of records to the sum of a field value.

Q200). Describe dynamic Apex.

Using the Dynamic Apex approach, we may access sObjects and fields within our code dynamically rather than decoratively, increasing the flexibility of our code. Metadata information about sObject and field properties is provided via the Describe information. For instance, the description information for a sObject comprises the sObject's name, label, fields, and child objects, as well as whether that type of sObject allows operations like create and undelete.

Q201). Describe web services.

Webservices is a feature that facilitates integration. Web applications that communicate with other web applications to transfer data are known as web services. They are built on open standards (XML, SOAP, HTTP, etc.). This way, you can deal with such commonly asked interview questions.

Q202). What makes a trigger different from a process builder?

In Apex, the trigger is a code-based evaluation of criteria that establishes a series of events. When a condition is met, the Process Builder assesses the criteria and takes the appropriate action. Please inquire about the candidate's past use, including instances from their development experience.

Q 203). Which restrictions apply when using WhoId and WhatId in Salesforce? How are those to be avoided?

A novice developer may have yet to adapt to objects that use these relationship fields. Knowing how they respond in this circumstance reveals their level of experience.

Q204). What is a Sandbox?

A Sandbox is a testing environment for code in the development context before it is applied in production. Users can execute applications or browse files in a sandbox, an isolated testing environment, without adversely affecting the platform, system, or application on which they are running. Software developers use sandboxes to test new computer code.

Q205). What purpose does an outbound message serve?

When a record is created or updated in Salesforce, an outbound message is an automation feature that enables delivering a message to external web services or an application. Field values from these external web services may provide instructions for starting other operations in external systems.

Q206). Can two users share the same Profile, if necessary?

Giving many individuals, teams, or managers a similar profile in Salesforce is possible. The benefit of this is that the entire team or group may work together simultaneously.

Final Thoughts On Salesforce Interview Questions

We hope this set of most frequently asked top 70 Salesforce interview questions and answers will help you ace your job interview for developer & admin profile and get selected in the leading MNCs worldwide. For building a successful salesforce career, check out various Salesforce Certifications. It will also help you to understand the job roles & responsibilities and chalk out a career path for yourself.

But you are strongly recommended to opt for a Salesforce training program before you appear for the interview to master the cloud skills at JanBask Training. We are always here to help you with the best content and information.

Looking for more salesforce questions and answers for experienced with expert guidance to crack the interview, feel free to connect with our experts. Let us know if this SFDC interview questions guide helped in your interview preparation!!

FAQs

Q1. Can I get a job with Salesforce only? 

Ans- Thanks to today's growing career scopes, it's easy to get started. But as the competition is high too, it is better to have the knowledge needed to ace your career. And you can secure an excellent job if you are skilled with the proper online salesforce training and have the right certification.

Q2. How long does it take for salesforce certification?

Ans- A salesforce certification program takes around 6-8 weeks. You can choose from any course of your liking from many renowned organizations offering salesforce training with the best output guaranteed. With salesforce qa interview questions, ace your career by choosing what's best for you.

Q3. Is coding required for Salesforce?

Ans- Salesforce doesn't require any prior coding experience as it is a platform for creating lower codes or no codes applications. So if you want a career in Salesforce, you can join an online Salesforce training and be ready for salesforce qa interview questions.

Q4. Why has Salesforce become popular in 2023?

Ans- It has recently garnered much more popularity because it offers features that no other CRM software does. Salesforce provides many features, along with customer interaction tools, contact management, workflow creation, task management, opportunity tracking, collaboration tools, , analytics, and an easy, mobile-ready interface. You can complete an online course on Salesforce and be ready to grab a job in the market.

Q5. Is Salesforce a promising career?

Ans-  A good Salesforce certification would make the career most promising. Any global or multinational company would be happy to hire a professional certified in a salesforce course. So if you plan to land a job in this field, go for it.

Q6. How do I ace an interview in Salesforce?

Ans- To ace an interview, you must be prepared for every type of interview question that might come your way. Get online salesforce training from a renowned institution because they will be the stepping stones to your budding successful career.

Q7. What Is the Salary Scope in Salesforce Jobs?

Ans-  As the demand for this job rises, so is the pay scale and financial stability. Maximum salary can be of average annual income of $120k-135k in the United States. While in India, the average income can be Rs 11,40,000 per year, but it may go up to Rs24 lakh. And other factors affect the salary, starting from the employer, location, level of expertise, or even the type of certification. So getting an excellent online Salesforce certification course is always advised to land a well-paying job with other prospects.

Q8. What are the skills a Salesforce developer should possess?

Ans- There are specific skills that any good Salesforce developer should have. These include:

  • Communication Skills
  • Computer Skills
  • Analytical Skills
  • Problem-Solving Capabilities
  • Interpersonal Skills

You can learn all these and more in a salesforce certification training program.

Q9. What Types of certifications are available in Salesforce?

Ans- Salesforce offers multiple certifications. The following are the top Salesforce certifications:

  • Salesforce Consultant - Master
  • Salesforce Administrator
  • Salesforce Developer
  • Salesforce App Builder
  • Salesforce Lightning
  • Salesforce Service Cloud

Q10. Why salesforce interview questions are important?

Ans- If you have the mindset to set your career in Salesforce, then you must be prepared for Salesforce interview questions that are asked in the interviews. With a salesforce training certification and prepped for any interview, there is no stopping you from getting in your dream job in this field.

Salesforce Tutorial Overview

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    Rashi Pundeer

    Rashi is the originator and primary contributor to this blog. With fact-dragging research and a tech-savvy approach, Rashi has been helping digital learners with quality content at Janbask Training.


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