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What is Chef? Chef Tutorial Guide for Beginner

Infrastructure automation apparatuses, for example, Chef and its rival framework Puppet have developed quickly in a previous couple of years, as organizations perceive how they can make their day to day IT administrations simpler, more productive, and more adaptable. Specifically, Chef has turned out to be more notable for its idea of "infrastructure as code," in which machine-lucid files (called Chef recipes in technical terms) are utilized to portray how computing equipment and system frameworks ought to be introduced and designed.

Today, let’s take a walk down the road of ‘Chef’, let’s see a few basic things you need to learn Chef and ace it to the best of your abilities. For a better understanding, this blog has been sorted into the following segments-

Chef Tutorial Guide- Glossary of the Commonly Used Terms

Before you embark your journey any further towards Chef Tutorial it is important that you first learn a few commonly used terms in Chef. Chef Tutorial Guide

The Chef Server

The Chef server is the essential method of correspondence between the workstations where your framework is coded, and the nodes where it is sent. All setup documents, cookbooks, metadata, and other data are put away on this server only. The Chef server additionally keeps data with respect to the condition of all hubs at the season of the last chef-client run.


Workstations are the place clients make, test, and keep up cookbooks and their desired cookbooks that will be pushed to chef nodes. Cookbooks made on workstations can be utilized privately by one association, or transferred to the Chef Supermarket for others to utilize. Also, workstations can be utilized to download cookbooks made by other Chef clients and can be found in the Supermarket.

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The Bookshelf is a versioned storehouse where cookbooks are put away on the Chef server (for the most part situated at /var/pick/opscode/bookshelf extension ;). At the point when a cookbook is transferred to the Chef server, the new form is compared with the one which is already in the store, in case there are any changes, and another adaptation is stored.


Cookbooks are the principal segment of configuring nodes desirably on a Chef infrastructure. Cookbooks contain qualities and data about the coveted condition of a node, not how to get to that coveted state – Chef does all the work for that, through their broad libraries.


The chef-repo is a directory with the particular region of the workstation where cookbooks are authored and kept up. The chef-repo is dependably version-controlled, frequently using advantages of Git, and stores data and history that will be utilized on hubs, for example, cookbooks, data bags etc.

Read: What is Vagrant? Vagrant Tutorial Guide for Beginners


The role of chef-client is to check the present design of the node against the formulas and arrangements already stored in the Chef server and convey the node right up to the match. The procedure starts with the chef-client checking the node's run list, stacking the cookbooks required, then going on to checking and matching up the cookbooks with the present configuration of the node.


The knife is a command that conveys between the chef-repo situated on a workstation and the Chef server. Knife command is configured with the knife.rb file extension, and is utilized from the workstation.


A node is a framework designed to run the chef-client. This can be any framework, as long as it is being kept up by Chef. Nodes are approved by the validator.pem and client.pem authentications that are made on the node itself right when it is bootstrapped. All nodes are required to be bootstrapped over SSH as either the root user or a client with raised benefits.

Run Lists

Run lists characterize what cookbooks a node in Chef will utilize. The run list is an ordered list of all cookbooks and formulas that the chef-client requires to pull from the Chef server to keep running on a specific node. Run-lists are likewise used to characterize roles, which are utilized to characterize examples and traits crosswise over nodes.


Chef environments exist to emulate genuine work process, taking into consideration nodes that are to be composed into various "groups" that characterize the part the node plays in the fleet. This takes into consideration for a Chef user to join environments and versioned cookbooks to have diverse characteristics for various nodes at the same time. 


Recipes are the essential part of the Chef cookbooks. Recipes are composed in Ruby and contain data with respect to everything that should be run, changed, or made on a node. Recipes fill in as an accumulation of assets that decide the arrangement or approach of a node, with resources being a design component of the recipe.


These are static documents that can be transferred to nodes. Files can be setup files or configuration files, contents, website files– anything that does not contain any different values on different nodes.


Templates are installed Ruby files (.erb) that take into account content in view of the node itself and different variables that are produced when the chef-client is run and this template is utilized to make or update an existing file

Read: Puppet Interview Questions and Answers
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Advantages of Using Chef

There are a few advantages associated with the usage of Chef. They are primarily associated with its innate nature to help you automate your infrastructure. Chef Tutorial Guide

Expedite Software Distribution

High-performing IT associations are the ones that can deploy their software product on request and inside one hour of another submit. Computerizing your IT infrastructure– assembling new conditions, testing and surveying changes to the code base, sending new programming adaptations etc. are the ones that are easily achievable via Chef.

Enhancing Service Flexibility

Obviously, speed is not the only main essential factor. It's insufficient to audit and deploy changes rapidly if these progressions additionally include bugs or make crashes a more probable event. By discovering those bugs and issues before they happen and close monitoring of issues, foundation robotization builds your framework's strength in the same way as it increases your speed.

Remodeling Risk Management

Chef’s infrastructure framework mechanization abilities can bring down the rate of risks and enhance compliance at all phases of improvement. Your compliance as well as security arrangements can be encoded as a major aspect of a Chef formula and can be tried consequently before sending.

Exploit Cloud for your betterment

Via automating your cloud foundation and dealing with routine manual activities in a more streamlined way, Chef frees up some valuable time for your DevOps group to be more agile and proficient. Your applications and workloads can be moved rapidly and easily, while your servers and foundation are consequently introduced, designed, and provisioned by Chef formulas that you compose way ahead of time.

Integrate Data Centre and Cloud Environments

Under the Chef umbrella, you can deal with all your cloud and on-premises conditions without a moment's delay, including servers running the Windows, Linux, IBM AIX, and Solaris working frameworks. Chef is additionally a "cloud agnostic" arrangement, enabling you to continue utilizing it even as you change cloud suppliers.

Collate your Infrastructure

Chef can easily slice through this many-sided organizational structures and data models to streamline your IT tasks and work process. From building and testing completely through conveyance, checking, and investigating, Chef gives a pipeline to nonstop deployment that you can use to accomplish progressively and settle on better choices.

Read More: List of DevOps Tools

Read: How can Convergence Impact and Accelerate the DevOps Operations?

Chef Certification

Certification is like a testimonial that no recruiter can ever ignore. With a shift to the cloud-based technologies and enhanced automation drives. Need for Chef professionals has increased so much so that organizations are paying up to $130,000 annually to the Chef professionals they are recruiting.

The Chef Certification program gives a chance to show and impart your computerization abilities wherever and at whatever point you pick. Chef utilizes a badge based appraisal approach just like DevOps that gives you a chance to modify your level of certification in a way that mirrors the aptitudes most applicable to your skill-set. Assessment badges reflect an authority of functional certifiable abilities you use to tackle issues with computerization. These individual identifications consolidate to meet pre-characterized levels of Chef Certification.

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As we have already established that Chef certification comes in different badges and each badge display a different skill, here is a list of a few common badges that people opt for- Chef Tutorial Guide

Chef Exams

You will surely need an expert help in this because Chef is still a nascent concept that many industry experts are not even aware of. You will need training and guidance. You can surely check out the website of JanBask Training, an online training platform that gives you training in a lot of contemporary courses.

Read More: Chef Interview Questions with Answers


Chef can be a really groundbreaking technology to improvise your infrastructure. Reports suggest that 40% of the cost that corporations deploy is used in their infrastructure issues. You can really save that huge amount of money by hiring a Chef Professional instead. Automation is the key to success. Do not lock the doors of speed, rejuvenation, and modernization of your infrastructure. Save time. Save cost!

Learn DevOps Related Topics.

Read: What is the Difference between Agile and DevOps

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