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What is Chef Programming Language? Chef Tutorial Guide for Beginner


Infrastructure automation apparatuses, for example, Chef and its rival framework Puppet have developed quickly in the previous couple of years, as organizations perceive how they can make their day to day IT administrations simpler, more productive, and more adaptable. Specifically, Chef programming language has turned out to be more notable for its idea of ”infrastructure as code,” in which machine-lucid files (called Chef recipes in technical terms) are utilized to portray how computing equipment and system frameworks ought to be introduced and designed. In this blog for Chef Tutorial for beginners, let’s take a walk down the road of ‘Chef’. This Chef Programming Language Tutorial will explain a few basic things that you need to learn Chef automation and ace it to the best of your abilities.

You are just starting out with Chef programming language, consider enrolling in a professional DevOps Training & Certification Course!

Components of Chef Tutorial

Before you embark on your journey any further towards Chef Tutorials, it is important that you first learn a few commonly used terms in  Chef programming language. Here is a Chef Tutorial step by step guide for beginners to know about the tool in-depth and learn chef.

Chef Tutorial components

  • The Chef Server: The Chef server is the essential method of correspondence between the workstations where your framework is coded, and the nodes where it is sent. All setup documents, cookbooks, metadata, and other data are put away on this server only. The Chef server additionally keeps data with respect to the condition of all hubs at the season of the last chef-client run.
  • Workstations: Workstations are the place clients make, test, and keep up cookbooks and their desired cookbooks that will be pushed to chef nodes. Cookbooks made on workstations can be utilized privately by one association, or transferred to the Chef Supermarket for others to utilize. Also, workstations can be utilized to download cookbooks made by other Chef clients and can be found in the Supermarket.
  • Bookshelf: The Bookshelf is a versioned storehouse where cookbooks are put away on the Chef server (for the most part situated at /var/pick/opscode/bookshelf extension ;). At the point when a cookbook is transferred to the Chef server, the new form is compared with the one which is already in the store, in case there are any changes, and another adaptation is stored.
  • Cookbooks: Cookbooks are the principal segment of configuring nodes desirably on a Chef infrastructure. Cookbooks contain qualities and data about the coveted condition of a node, not how to get to that coveted state –  Chef programming language  does all the work for that, through their broad libraries.
  • Chef-repo: The chef-repo is a directory with the particular region of the workstation where cookbooks are authored and kept up. The chef-repo is dependably version-controlled, frequently using advantages of Git, and stores data and history that will be utilized on hubs, for example, cookbooks, data bags, etc.
  • Chef-client: The role of the chef-client is to check the present design of the node against the formulas and arrangements already stored in the Chef server and convey the node right up to the match. The procedure starts with the chef-client checking the node's run list, stacking the cookbooks required, then going on to checking and matching up the cookbooks with the present configuration of the node.
  • Knife: The knife is a command that conveys between the chef-repo situated on a workstation and the Chef server. The knife command is configured with the knife.rb file extension, and is utilized from the workstation.
  • Nodes: A node is a framework designed to run the chef-client. This can be any framework, as long as it is being kept up by Chef. Nodes are approved by the validator.pem and client.pem authentications that are made on the node itself right when it is bootstrapped. All nodes are required to be bootstrapped over SSH as either the root user or a client with raised benefits.
  • Run Lists: Run lists characterize what cookbooks a node in  Chef programming language will utilize. The run list is an ordered list of all cookbooks and formulas that the chef-client requires to pull from the Chef server to keep running on a specific node. Run-lists are likewise used to characterize roles, which are utilized to characterize examples and traits crosswise over nodes.
  • Environments: Chef environments exist to emulate a genuine work process, taking into consideration nodes that are to be composed into various "groups" that characterize the part the node plays in the fleet. This takes into consideration for a Chef user to join environments and versioned cookbooks to have diverse characteristics for various nodes at the same time. 
  • Recipes: Recipes are an essential part of the Chef cookbooks. Recipes are composed in Ruby and contain data with respect to everything that should be run, changed, or made on a node. Recipes fill in as an accumulation of assets that decide the arrangement or approach of a node, with resources being a design component of the recipe.
  • Files: These are static documents that can be transferred to nodes. Files can be setup files or configuration files, contents, website files– anything that does not contain any different values on different nodes.
  • Templates: Templates are installed Ruby files (.erb) that take into account content in view of the node itself and different variables that are produced when the chef-client is run and this template is utilized to make or update an existing file

Pro Tips: Have a look at this free DevOps quiz  and enhance your knowledge further quickly!

What are the Benefits from Chef?

There are a few advantages associated with the usage of  Chef programming language and how to use chef for your own benefits. They are primarily associated with its innate nature to help you automate your infrastructure.

Chef Tutorial

  • Expedite Software Distribution: High-performing IT associations are the ones that can deploy their software product on request and inside one hour of another submit. Computerizing your IT infrastructure– assembling new conditions, testing and surveying changes to the code base, sending new programming adaptations etc. are the ones that are easily achievable via   Chef programming language.
  • Enhancing Service Flexibility: Obviously, speed is not the only main essential factor. It's insufficient to audit and deploy changes rapidly if these progressions additionally include bugs or make crashes a more probable event. By discovering those bugs and issues before they happen and close monitoring of issues, foundation robotization builds your framework's strength in the same way as it increases your speed.
  • Remodeling Risk Management: Chef’s infrastructure framework mechanization abilities can bring down the rate of risks and enhance compliance at all phases of improvement. Your compliance as well as security arrangements can be encoded as a major aspect of a Chef formula and can be tried consequently before sending.
  • Exploit Cloud for your betterment: Via automating your cloud foundation and dealing with routine manual activities in a more streamlined way, Chef programming language frees up some valuable time for your DevOps group to be more agile and proficient. Your applications and workloads can be moved rapidly and easily, while your servers and foundation are consequently introduced, designed, and provisioned by Chef formulas that you compose way ahead of time.
  • Integrate Data Centre and Cloud Environments: Under the   Chef programming language umbrella, you can deal with all your cloud and on-premises conditions without a moment's delay, including servers running the Windows, Linux, IBM AIX, and Solaris working frameworks. The  Chef programming language is additionally a "cloud agnostic" arrangement, enabling you to continue utilizing it even as you change cloud suppliers.
  • Collate your Infrastructure: The chef can easily slice through this many-sided organizational structures and data models to streamline your IT tasks and work process. From building and testing completely through conveyance, checking, and investigating, Chef gives a pipeline to nonstop deployment that you can use to accomplish progressively and settle on better choices.

If you are learning about Chef because you are looking for career opportunities, take your preparation to the next with these Chef Tool Interview Questions and Answers. 

Additional Benefits of Chef

Chefs have a few advantages that are related to their use. If you are confused how to use chefs, they are mostly connected to its intrinsic ability to assist you in automating your infrastructure.

  • As Chef employs the native Ruby language, a common configuration language, it is simple for anyone with some development expertise to learn.
  • Any cloud technology can be quickly integrated using the knife utility. It is the ideal solution for a business that wants to disperse its infrastructure across multiple clouds.
  •  Chef programming language works with fully automated deployment
  • Within a minute you can configure thousands of nodes.
  • Integrate with a cloud-based platform like AWS.
  • Chef keeps the system under consistent check.
  • You can record the entire infrastructure in the form of chef repository.
  • The Chef programming language plays a vital role in DevOps software lifecycle

The career path of Chef professional is the same as that of a DevOps engineer. Go through this quick guide at How to Become a DevOps Engineer to understand Chef career pathway. 

These were the best benefits of the chef programming language and this is how to use chef. We'll go through some of its prevalent characteristics in the section after this.

Exciting Features of Chef

Chef is a great open source configuration management tool developed by Opscode. It is frequently employed to automate the configuration and upkeep of several servers. The list of further important Chef features is as follows:  

  • Chef develops a domain-specific language using the well-known Ruby language.
  • Chef doesn't assume anything about a node's present state. It makes use of its mechanisms to determine the machine's current status.
  • The software, storage, and server for the cloud are best deployed and managed using Chef.
  • It is best to use the Chef programming language for continuous deployment.
  • The infrastructure is converted into code using Chef programming language.
  • Numerous platforms, including Fedora, Debian, and Arch, are supported by Chef.
  • Chef programming language is highly fault-tolerant, secure, and scalable.
  • Chef enjoys excellent and active community support.
  • The chef can work in a distributed stand-alone manner without a server or a centralised one.

This list should aid you in understanding the Chef functionality. Let's now move to the next point of this chef programming language tutorial and discuss Chef's main advantages and disadvantages.

Chef Certification

Certification is like a testimonial that no recruiter can ever ignore. With a shift to the cloud-based technologies and enhanced automation drives. Need for Chef professionals has increased so much so that organizations are paying up to $130,000 annually to the Chef professionals they are recruiting.

The Chef Certification program gives a chance to show and impart your computerization abilities wherever and at whatever point you pick. Chef utilizes a badge based appraisal approach just like DevOps that gives you a chance to modify your level of certification in a way that mirrors the aptitudes most applicable to your skill-set. Assessment badges reflect an authority of functional certifiable abilities you use to tackle issues with computerization. These individual identifications consolidate to meet pre-characterized levels of Chef Certification.

As we have already established that Chef certification comes in different badges and each badge display a different skill, here is a list of a few common badges that people opt for-

Chef Tutorial

Chef Certification Exams

You will surely need expert help in this because Chef programming language is still a nascent concept that many industry experts are not even aware of. You will need training and guidance. You can surely check out the website of JanBask Training, an online training platform that gives you training in a lot of contemporary courses.


The chef can be a really groundbreaking technology to improvise your infrastructure. Reports suggest that 40% of the cost that corporations deploy is used in their infrastructure issues. You can really save that huge amount of money by hiring a Chef Professional instead. Automation is the key to success. Do not lock the doors of speed, rejuvenation, and modernization of your infrastructure. Save time. Save cost! Join our professional DevOps Training & Certification Course at JanBask Training for better subject understanding and more career opportunities. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. How to use Chef?

Ans: Chef is used to automate infrastructure management, which helps to cut down on manual labour and repetitive chores. For many building elements needed to manage and automate infrastructure, Chef has its own convention.

Q. Why is DevOps necessary?

 Ans: DevOps is significant because it is a software development and operations methodology that makes it possible to produce new products more quickly and maintain deployed software more easily.

Q. What need to learn for DevOps?

Ans: Programming Language and Linux Fundamentals. DevOps uses programming languages for developing and automating software

  • Application Building
  • Automation with CI/CD Too
  • Application Testing
  • Application Deployment
  • Source Code Management
  • Monitor Applications
  • Cloud Providers

Q. What is the main goal of DevOps certification?

Ans: Code review systems as well as automated building, testing, deploying, monitoring, issue tracking, and feedback mechanisms are all part of the DevOps goals.

Q. What is the scope in DevOps?

Ans: DevOps provides for the automation of several operations throughout the whole software development lifecycle and encompasses system integration and deployment. DevOps engineers can take advantage of the capabilities of tools like Continuous integration servers and have access to a wide range of technical solutions.

Q. What abilities are needed to learn DevOps?

Ans: Scripting and coding are two essential abilities that every DevOps engineer has to have. Ruby, Python, Java, Javascript, PHP, Bash, Shell, Node.js, and Python. Js is one of the most frequently suggested programming and scripting languages. Even now, ardent programmers still use Linux as one of their operating systems.

Q. What is covered in a DevOps course?

Ans: The DevOps Foundation Program covers the fundamentals of inter-team cooperation, continuous development and deployment, automation of configuration management, and IT service agility. Additionally, DevOps tools like Git, Docker, Jenkins, Cucumber, Ansible, TeamCity, & Nagios are covered in this curriculum.

Q. What purpose does a DevOps training serve?

Ans: In order to provide software more quickly and reliably, DevOps is a software development practice that encourages collaboration between development and operations. DevOps, which is frequently referred to as a culture, links people, process, and technology to produce continuous value.

Q. What topics come under DevOps?

Ans: Here is the list of major topics covered in DevOps- 

  • Continuous testing
  • Continuous integration (CI)
  • Continuous delivery
  • Continuous deployment (CD)
  • Continuous monitoring
  • Infrastructure as code

Q. Is Coding required in DevOps?

Ans: DevOps can be learned without even any programming languages. It's good to have some fundamental knowledge of Python, Linux, and shell scripting. You learn which language is utilized for each tool as you begin to master DevOps tools. For instance, Groovy is utilized as a scripting language by the Jenkins program.


    JanBask Training

    A dynamic, highly professional, and a global online training course provider committed to propelling the next generation of technology learners with a whole new way of training experience.

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  • J

    Jaden Hernandez

    This is a perfect guide on Chef. I was looking for such an amazing post from the last few days, but could not find one. Fort+unately, I could go through this post and get so much new info. Thank you!

  • E

    Emerson King

    Wow..!! This Guide on Chef is really helpful with so much knowledge. This is very helpful!

  • R

    Ronan Wright

    The above Guide on the Chef is just superb. Being a new user I have to keep looking for new formulas and knowledge. Thanks for sharing this post!

  • K

    Karson Lopez

    Really good article with all the important information on Chef. I got to know a lot about the process after reading this blog. Thanks for sharing this blog.

  • A

    Arlo Hill

    A comprehensive blog on the Chef of this kind is what I wanted. This guide provides a lot of information without being lengthy or boring.

  • T

    Tobias Scott

    Awesome blog! I have learned so much about Chef. Thank you so much for sharing!

  • B

    Brady Green

    I found your blog today and it is very well written. Keep up the good work & share more about different IT career options

  • C

    Clayton Adams

    Such a wow post! Very well explained, very understanding with so much information on Chef.

  • F

    Francisco Baker

    Thanks for sharing this amazing post on Chef. I found it really interesting and informative.

  • Z

    Zander Gonzalez

    A lot of people want to know more about this and its benefits. so I’m really happy that I got to find your site before using it.

  • E

    Erick Nelson

    Such an informative and great article! Every beginner in the Chef must read this article. This is very helpful for me and people who are looking for the download process.


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