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Selenium is a popular web-based open source automation testing tool that works amazingly on different web platforms. It was started to automate the testing process for web apps, but continuous improvements and technological advancements have taken the platform to the new heights today. After mastering the tool, you will be wondering how it actually accelerates the testing process and enhances the overall process of software development.
If you are new to the Selenium WebDriver then your search ends here. In this tutorial, we have covered all the basics that are used in day-to-day activity while working on the Selenium WebDriver tool. This tool is based on top programming languages, Java and C#, so if you know the basics of these languages then understanding WebDriver tool would be easier for you. This Selenium WebDriver tutorial is designed for the beginner with little or no experience in the automation world. If you are new to the testing world, then I strongly recommend you to start with Software testing, training program first then switch to Selenium testing tutorial. Here are some Prerequisites or installations you should know-
Before you jump directly into writing your first test script in Java, you should know about the Selenium basics first. Let’s discuss Selenium testing tutorial first, then we will jump to Selenium WebDriver Tutorial later.
Selenium is available in two popular forms – First is Selenium IDE and the other is Selenium WebDriver. Selenium IDE is a platform that aids in producing test scripts to automate the testing process. The IDE helps in the quick fixing of bugs without putting much pressure on the developers. At the same time, WebDriver is a tool that helps in scaling and distributing scripts across multiple web browsers and it helps in creating web-based automation scripts too.
Selenium IDE is a framework that helps developers in writing or developing test cases to make the script learning easy. This is a Firefox Plug-in that helps in creating, loading, recording, and editing test cases.
How to record a test case depends on your interaction with the website. Based on your action, the record button will add commands to the web page. The record button is open by default in Selenium IDE but you can turn it off in the MENU bar options. Few of the commands inserted by the record button include click the link, check radio buttons, enter values etc. The test case verification enables you to verify the properties of a web page with “Assert” and “verify” commands. There are multiple options under Assert” and “verify” commands in the context menu. This is quite simple to decide on the parameters you need to use to verify the web page. You can edit a test case by adding commands manually. You just have to select the point where you are interested in adding the commands and select the option Insert command. Yes, you can also add the comments to the script to increase its overall readability and usability.
In the earlier section, we just discussed the concept of how to set up a test case. Now, we will check how to run a test case in Selenium IDE. Here is step by step instruction to help you with the concept and running a test case successfully.
This is all about Selenium basics for beginners. There are plenty of styles to use this wonderful automation tool to improve your overall testing strategies. There are many advanced concepts too but this tutorial mainly focused on basic concepts that can help beginners to start in a particular direction. Further, we will have a quick tour on Selenium WebDriver and how it can be used by software testing professionals.
Selenium WebDriver was designed with an objective to give better support for dynamic web-pages where certain element keeps on changing frequently without reloading the complete web page. As of today, Selenium WebDriver is compatible with almost all browsers exist in the web industry and gives wonderful support in automating test scripts on browsers. Read More: QA Testing Interview Questions and Answers As you know, there are plenty of web browsers available in the market today like Mozilla, Firefox, Internet Explorers, Chrome, Safari etc. We have named few popular web browsers here that used to execute test cases frequently. Being a testing professional, you have to decide on a web browser first, then start executing test cases on the same. Each web browser is designed differently, so rules for running test cases on each browser are also different. Few Selenium tools are not compatible with all the web browsers. So, you have to be extra careful when deciding on the web browser to work with Selenium WebDriver. For example, if you want to run test cases on Firefox with Selenium WebDriver 3.0 then you need to install a few drivers first to start with your working. You can choose other web browsers tool, as per your convenience. Here is a quick syntax to run WebDriver 3.0 on Firefox browser – Now you are ready to start with Selenium WebDriver 3.0 on different web browsers. You can also use Eclipse as your IDE. Here is a brief explanation how to use Selenium WebDriver with Eclipse IDE.
To start scripting with Eclipse IDE, you need to download JDK first and install the latest version of Java as recommended. The next step is to download Eclipse and install it on your computer system. Make sure that you have checked out all the permissions carefully. Now open Eclipse and check either Java is installed successfully or not. For this purpose, you have to select options Windows -> Preference options. If you want to check the current Java version installed on your system, you can check it through command prompt by using the command “java version”. Once you are completed with all the formalities, this is the right time to start your scripting on Eclipse editor. That’s all for the day! We hope you enjoyed learning Selenium WebDriver Tutorials for the beginners. However, the tutorial covers basic concepts only. We strongly recommend you to join the selenium testing, the training program at JanBask to learn about advanced concepts for quick progression in your career. All the Best for a trailblazing testing career in top Software industries with JanBask training and certification programs! Start with favorite course or training program with us today.
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