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Selenium Tutorial: A Beginner's Guide to Web Automation


Do you spend hours manually testing websites, clicking through pages, and verifying functionality? Imagine a world where you can automate those repetitive tasks, freeing up your time for more strategic endeavors. This is the power of Selenium WebDriver!

Selenium WebDriver is a free, open-source tool that allows you to automate web browsers across different operating systems and browsers. In simpler terms, you can write scripts that will interact with websites just like a human user would, clicking buttons, filling out forms, and even scraping data.

This Selenium tutorial will equip you with the knowledge to harness this automation power. We'll walk you through the basics, from installation and setup to writing your first Selenium scripts. By the end, you'll be able to automate simple web browsing tasks and experience the efficiency and time-saving benefits of Selenium WebDriver.

Are you ready to take your web testing skills to the next level? Let's dive in!

What is Selenium and Why?

Selenium is a free, open-source suite of tools specifically designed for automating web browsers. This means you can write scripts that control a web browser like a human user, performing actions like:

  • Clicking buttons
  • Filling out forms
  • Navigating between pages
  • Extracting data

If multiple answers are juggling in your mind, then let me describe to you all the above questions. Automation is a way which reduces your manual effort, time and opens new opportunities. You enjoy and feel better when you get your task automated. So, we have one of the best Web Automation tools that is Selenium which is widely used in all organizations. Now, you will think we have a number of other Automation tools like-

For Web Automation:

  • Appium: Similar to Selenium, Appium automates mobile app testing across various platforms.
  • Cypress: A modern JavaScript framework gaining traction for its ease of use and focus on web development workflows.
  • Katalon Studio: A comprehensive platform offering automation tools for web, mobile, API, and desktop applications.

For Manual Testing and Bug Tracking:

  • JIRA: A popular project management and bug tracking tool used across various software development teams.
  • Bugzilla: An open-source bug tracking system specifically designed for software testing.
  • MantisBT: Another open-source bug tracker offering features like issue tracking, workflow management, and version control.

For Load and Performance Testing:

  • JMeter: An open-source tool for load testing, performance measurement, and functional behavior testing.
  • LoadRunner: A commercial tool used for performance testing web applications and APIs under heavy load.
  • Gatling: An open-source performance testing tool written in Scala, offering features like load simulation and monitoring.

Then why should we go for Selenium only? These features make Selenium a powerful tool for various tasks, including:

  • Automated web testing: Efficiently test web applications for functionality and regression.
  • Web scraping: Extract specific data from websites for analysis or automation.
  • Web UI automation: Automate repetitive browser tasks to save time and effort.

Selenium for Beginners – Features of Selenium

  1. Open source tool, no need to buy it.
  2. Platform Independent and easily portable.
  3. Support Multiple languages like c,c#, java, python, ruby, Perl, Groovy.
  4. Supports all browsers on which we run our test cases.
  5. Supports Parallel testing which reduces time and effort.
  6. It can easily be integrated with the TestNG framework which helps to create multiple test scripts in one go.
  7. To run a selenium script there is no need to install the different servers. It directly interacts with the browser.
  8. To run a Selenium test suit you just need to integrate your Selenium Test suite with a CI tool like Jenkins and with the help of CI job, it is easy to run all test suites.

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History of Selenium

In this section of selenium beginner tutorial, we will check the history. 

  • Birth of Selenium Core

Selenium was created by Jason Huggins in 2004 which was a ThoughtWorks engineer. He was fed up with repeated Manual tasks so he thought about developing an automated process. He created a  JavaScriptRunner open-source which was known as Selenium Core.

  • Birth of Selenium RC

For using Selenium Core Testers had to install the complete application and Web Server on their Local system so that they can create a Test environment. To overcome this problem another ThoughtWorks Engineer, Paul Hemmant created a server that will act as an HTTP proxy which is known as RC that is Remote Control. It is also known as Selenium1.

Note:  RC has been deprecated now. It is not in use now.

  • Birth of Selenium IDE

An extension of the Firefox browser which supports  Record and Playback features for automating an application. It records all the actions of the Browser when you run the browser. Shinya Kasatani Japan created Selenium IDE in 2005.

  • Birth of Webdriver

Simon Stewart developed WebDriver in 2007 which is the first cross Platform Testing Framework. I will explain Selenium Webdriver in detail later.

Selenium Suite

Selenium is having the main four components:

  1. Selenium IDE
  2. Selenium RC
  3. Selenium Grid
  4. Selenium WebDriver

Selenium Suite

Selenium IDE

Do you know the Full form of IDE? Let me tell you the full name is Selenium Integrated Development Environment which is an extension or Addon of Firefox Browser. It is a Record and Play tool to run the script.

Steps on how to Integrate with Firefox as per the selenium tutorials for beginners

  1. Download Firefox Browser if your system not having -
  2. Run the Exe file and It will install Firefox in your system.
  3. Restart your browser
  4. Click on at the rightmost Hamburger Menu and Select Add on 
  5. Search with Selenium IDE and Add it to your Browser as Extension

Selenium IDE Browser as Extension

You need to click on the Record button and Open your Browser and perform the action which you want. Selenium IDE will record every action in the form of Script and Selenese command. Although you can modify it as per your requirement. It helps when you are facing a problem during automating your script.

Selenium Tutorials for Beginners – Selenium WebDriver

It is a combination of 2 words  Web+Driver. 

A driver that executes your test scripts against your Web browser. It allows you to choose any browser on which you want to run your Scripts. Hence, cross-browser testing is possible from this.

Selenium Tutorials for Beginners

It allows you to choose any programming language like c,c#, java, Groovy, Python, Ruby

The Architecture of Selenium Webdriver

There are four component of Selenium WebDriver you should check out when looking for how to learn selenium webdriver– 

  1. Client Library
  2. JSON wire protocol(JavaScript Objection Navigation)
  3. Selenium Browsers driver
  4. Real Browser

First when a user writes code in Java language so it uses java client library and through JSON wire protocol over HTTP request is sent in the form of URL to selenium browsers driver and after that this request is set on a real browser and after that action performed.

You will learn later you will pass a URL and what exception you face with HTTP protocol as explained in selenium tutorials for beginners. Get more insights on Seleninu Page Object Model (POM) with Page Factory in Selenium WebDriver!

HTTP protocol

Here, we see what will happen internally after you click on Run till the launch of the Firefox browser. Before of move to the next step of selenium framework tutorials. 

Once you click on Run, every statement in your script will be converted as a URL with the help of the JSON Wire Protocol over HTTP. The URL’s will be passed to the Browser Drivers. (In the above code, we took FirefoxDriver). Here in our case the client library (java) will convert the statements of the script to JSON format and communicates with the FirefoxDriver. URL looks as shown below.

Every Browser Driver uses an HTTP server to receive HTTP requests.  Once the URL reaches the Browser Driver, then the Browser Driver will pass that request to the real browser over HTTP. Then the commands in your selenium script will be executed on the browser.

Selenium Framework Tutorials: Difference between UFT and Selenium

Selenium is a widely used tool for those organizations that don’t want to spend money on tools or having a low budget project. Although Selenium and UFT both are used to automate Web applications, there are still several differences. Let’s have a quick view of them.





It can automate Web Based applications only. For Mobile, Desktop application Third-party tool we have to useThird party tool we have to use

It can automate Web, Desktop, hybrid, RPA application. This is one of the main advantage of QTP over Selenium


Selenium Test Scripts can be run on  multiple browsers

It supports only IE and Firefox browsers


It supports multiple languages

It supports only VBscript


It is open source and anyone can use it without paying any cost. You just need to download and set up the project. I will explain How to set up the project later.

It is a paid tool developed by HP. You need to purchase licenses for it.


No inbuilt object repository was available. You need to create its repository.

It is a tool with build-in Object  repository so easy to use


For generating the reporting another Test Framework need to integrate like TestNG

Inbuilt Reporting Framework present. Default Test Report  generated


No proper support is available if you need some help. There are online communities available. You can discuss and get your solution

As this is a paid tool so proper support you will get


Easily integrate with several Paid and Free tools like Maven, Jenkins

It can integrate with an only paid tool


The Scope is very vast

The Scope is very less due to less job in the market

When you are thinking of a Selenium career, do not forget to check - What is Selenium Grid? Selenium Grid Tutorials for Beginners!

Test Environment Set up

I will explain to you how you can set up with Selenium Webdriver so that you can write your script to automate your application.

Step by Step you need to do some installation which is required. Here I am using Java as Programming Language, Eclipse as IDE and Chrome as Browser in my example so Please follow all the steps:

Prerequisites: I think you all aware about Java and Eclipse IDE but those who don't know then  any need to worry, You just follow below steps and get started with Selenium beginner tutorial – 

1. Go to Oracle official Website to download Java first

 And click on the Download button. You will see the screen below

Click on Agree and Start Free Download.

2. After Java installation completion you need to download Eclipse IDE. Go to Eclipse official site by accessing below link

You will see the icon below. Click on the Download button.

and Download it. After downloading you will get the .exe file as shown below picture. Just run it and you will see Eclipse has been installed in your system.

3. Once you install eclipse then Launch it by using eclipse.exe icon as explained in the selenium for beginners – 

4. Choose your workspace area and click on the Launch button. Cross the Welcome screen.

5. Now Download Selenium java Client libraries. Go to Selenium official site to download selenium “” 

6. Click on the Download link and Save the file folder. Unzip the folder

7. Now download the Chrome Driver to run the script on the Chrome browser. Please visit the below link before downloading the driver. I will explain to you later what exception you could have to face

Note: It is very important to note your Chrome Browser version first to download the Chrome Driver. Otherwise, you will face a compatible issue. As my chrome browser version is 71 so I am using chrome driver 2.46

8. Now you have all the downloads, so are you ready to start? 

9. Open your Eclipse->Create New java Projects->Enter Project Name and click on Finish

10. Now Right Click on your Project->Build Path->Configure Build Path->Select Libraries Folder

11. Now click on the Add External JARs..button and add all jar files from the Selenium Client Libraries folder. Click on Apply and close button

I hope you have got How to start with Selenium. I will explain to you in detail how to write the script in this selenium for beginners guide.

Selenium Life Cycle

Selenium has its own life cycle. Selenium Automation has to go with the below phase. Let’s have a quick view

  1. Requirement Analysis: You first need to understand the requirement. After understanding the requirement it is easy to write Manual Test cases.
  2. Test Planning: This is a very important phase of the Selenium life cycle. Which Framework you will use, how many resources will involve to automate the manual test case, Which test case will be a part of automation suite, when you will start to do automation, on which browsers scripts will run, which language you will use to write the scripts, which build tool, repository we will use within sprint or not all these questions will decide in this phase.
  3. Creation of Test Script: In this phase, you start to write the test scripts. Selected Test case added an Automation script in Framework.
  4. Test and Debug the script: After creating the script you need to compile and run the script on your local system and once it ran successfully then merge it into the existing framework
  5. Execution of Test Script: Now you need to run your script on the server by using a CI job.
  6. Analyze the Report and Send result via mail: When CI job complete then need to verify TestNG report and verify the result for Failure
  7. Report a defect for Failure: Test case which failed you need to verify for them.
  8. Maintenance: For New enhancement and Failed test case you need to maintain the suite.

Selenium Career Opportunities

Before we conclude this lesson and wrap up this Selenium tutorials for beginners, it is crucial to understand the employment options in Selenium. Web applications are now being used by many businesses, which is driving up demand for Selenium. It has expanded greatly and evolved into one of the business world's most essential components. Selenium has unquestionably grown to be one of the top web testing solutions available to assist you with automation testing services.

While there are many different job prospects for testers, the following are some of the well-known career paths you can take to become a Selenium WebDriver expert after completing selenium beginner tutorial:

  • Quality Engineer
  • QA Engineer
  • Automation Test Lead
  • Senior Test Engineer
  • Selenium Automation Analyst
  • QA Engineer

The best part about this industry is that the industry has created a benchmark in creating huge job opportunities with exciting packages. So, if you are looking for Selenium career, get training from a professional institute like JanBask Training and make yourself prepared enough to make the best of these opportunities.

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Let's Summarize it

One of the most crucial Selenium components, Selenium Webdriver, supports a wide range of operating systems, browsers, and languages and primarily automates regression, sanity, and smoke test suites. Because of its simple integration with other tools, batch testing, cross-browser testing, and database testing are all simply accomplished. This makes it simple to obtain the reporting that is necessary once the suits have been worn.

Don’t forget to join our professional JanBask Community to connect with the industry experts and learn from their experience.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What are the prerequisites to enroll in  Selenium Tutorials for Beginner ?

Ans: You need to have some basic knowledge of Core Java to get started with Selenium.

Q. How do beginners get started with Selenium? 

Ans: If you're just getting started, you can start with a Selenium Tutorial for Beginners step by step and work your way up. You can advance to the advanced topics once you have learned the fundamentals of Selenium.

Q. How is Selenium superior to other testing software?

Ans: Selenium stands out from other testing tools since it is an open-source program that anyone can download and use without charge. Additionally, it supports a variety of programming languages for creating test scripts and may be used to automate web browsers. Furthermore, cross-browser testing is supported. Additionally, Selenium can be combined with other technologies. It is independent of GUI-based systems and offers parallel and distributed testing.

Q. What is the purpose of selenium?

Ans: Selenium is mostly utilized for web application testing. In order to write test cases in a popular programming language, such as Scala, Java, C#, or Ruby, to mention a few, it can provide a domain-specific language. Most firms employ these automated test tools for their products. Going with Selenium Tutorials for beginners will educate you on these languages. 

Q. What are the top skills required in selenium tutorials for beginners?

Ans:  As explained in different selenium tutorials for beginners, You should have a good understanding of programming languages such as Java, Python, Perl, Vbscript, etc. To become an automation tester, you should be proficient in these programming languages.

Q. Is Selenium a good career in 2022? 

Ans: When, it comes to the top web testing tools, Selenium is counted among the best in the field to help developers with automation testing. Hence, the demand for Selenium Web Testers is on the rise, and it will only rise in the future exponentially. This is the main reason why,  Selenium Tutorials for beginners and experts are on demand. 

Q. What is the salary for Selenium Tester?

Ans: The average payout of a Selenium Automation Tester is $97,500 per year. You can achieve this salary, you can begin your journey with a professional selenium tutorial for beginners step by step. 

Q. How do I get Selenium certified? 

Ans: Candidates who are eligible to participate in a Certified Selenium Tester exam either can attend an accredited training course or they are participants of an open exam.

Q. Is Selenium difficult to learn even with selenium tutorials for beginners? 

Ans: It is not tough when it comes to how to learn selenium webdriver. However, it requires a good disciple and strategic pathway to grasp it fast. Hence, you should focus mainly on four things: Java, Selenium Webdriver, TestNg and Frameworks to learn automation testing with Selenium. Whether you are learning with any Selenium Tutorials for Beginners or for advanced. 

Q. Does JanBask Training provide other testing courses?

Ans: Yes, Selenium Certification Training is among the many training courses that JanBask Training offers, in addition to courses on other testing modules. If you want to learn more about the testing sector in-depth, go around the platform and select the best training.

Happy Learning……….


    JanBask Training

    A dynamic, highly professional, and a global online training course provider committed to propelling the next generation of technology learners with a whole new way of training experience.

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