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Roles and Responsibilities Of Selenium Test Automation Engineer



Introduction

Top companies like Amazon, Facebook, work on continuous deployment where execution of test cases manually is not possible after every change. Costing and Time Management are the critical areas on the client’s mostly emphasis. Businesses look for fast output, deployment, and testing making Automation testing a need so it’s booming in the industry today. Automation with Selenium is even a better choice as it is an open-source tool tester can play with. Handling multiple selenium automation testing roles and responsibilities.

One cannot deny the fact that a career in Selenium automation will give you the edge to keep growing. Also while working with Selenium Automation, upskilling becomes quite convenient as the basic concept of automation remains the same.

Every job posting related to the testing role has a demand for an understanding of test automation and at least one scripting language. There are roughly 16,955 available jobs in "test automation engineering" on Indeed, 30,705 jobs on Glassdoor, and 5,580 jobs posted on LinkedIn reflecting the high demand for this skill, and consequently, high job security.

The global test automation market was valued at approximately $15.87 billion in 2016 and is expected to reach approximately $54.98 billion by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 23.01

Why do we need a Test Automation Engineer?

A lot of people think that because software or systems are automated already, there is no need for an Automation Test Engineer. Well, that’s not ture. There are various roles and responsibilities of an automation tester. In order to ensure that the software is working perfectly and exactly how it is expected to, automation test engineers test and validate it on a regular basis.  

Here is a process how software is developed with the role of testing:

  • Requirement: First, you need to figure out and understand the different requirements and demands that need to be fulfilled in the end product. 
  • Design: In the next step, you work to meet the needed specifications according to the request from the customer. 
  • Implementation: Developers start writing and executing codes as per the software and its specifications. 
  • Testing: Testing plays a major role in the overall software development. At this step, the program is repeatedly checked to ensure the best result while taking care of every customer's needs. This step works like a key factor in the entire software development life cycle by the improvement of quality, reliability, and performance of the product. 
  • Maintenance: After the final output is achieved in the previous step, regular posting is maintained. 

Advantages of being an Selenium Test Automation Engineer

A key role within the testing center excellence, the roles and responsibilities of automation tester include automating the test effort as much as possible. However, if you want to get the maximum return on the automation investment, you need to have proper information about what the automation should be and in which order it should be.

Before we go in depth to discuss roles and responsibilities of automation testers, let us first understand why you should become a test automation engineer. One of the major advantages of this job profile is that it is one of those career options that are growing and excelling at a rapid pace. This job profile is gaining popularity not because it can reduce human effort in a huge amount but rather because of its demands. Here is a quick list of advantages as to why you should choose the career as an Automation Test Engineer:

Testing industry is very creative and adventures in every step on its way. Outcomes are never the same in testing these products. 

You will be facing numerous difficulties every day and you will have to strive to solve them continually. There is no in-between. You need to find creative techniques to understand the problems that users face and work on those. 

Another good reason to choose this field, despite the roles and responsibilities of an automation tester, is that it is simply rewarding. When you create these products, you help not only the business or your company but the world at large by products that can fulfill the needs and specifications of the users. 

Selenium Test Automation Engineer Roles and Responsibilities

The roles and responsibilities of a Selenium tester may vary from a company to another. But, here are some selenium automation roles and responsibilities:

  • Analyzing business requirement in order to determine the test strategy covered by automation testing
  • Developing new test scripts are roles and responsibilities of selenium automation test engineer 
  • Maintaining existing tests scripts/regression suites
  • Attending Agile meetings (Daily scrum meeting/Sprint planning/Backlog refinement) on assigned projects
  • Executing regression suites
  • Providing results to project managers/developers/manual testers and stakeholders
  • Understanding the business requirements, application, and its components.
  • Updating Framework functions when needed
  • Developed and executed the Automation Test Scripts
  • Reviewing the Test Reports and Preparing Test Summary Report.
  • Preparation of test scenarios/cases/execution and test results.
  • Reporting any defects / Observation on day to day basis
  • Attending the client calls and meetings
  • Involving in giving daily and weekly status reports to clients.
  • Involved in knowledge transfer to the newly recruited personnel.
  • Implemented automation using Selenium WebDriver, JAVA, Selenium Grid, Cucumber, Maven
  • Understanding and Analyzing Test Requirements are roles and responsibilities for selenium tester 
  • Automation Framework Design & Implementation
  • Selenium Test Environment Setup (Maven Integration, Selenium WebDriver, Java, TestNG, and Jenkins Integration…)
  • Inspecting Elements, Create Test Cases using Element locators and Selenium WebDriver Commands.
  • Enhance Test cases using Java Programming and JUnit / TestNG Annotations.
  • Maintenance of Automation Resources are selenium tester roles and responsibilities

=> Selenium environment setup -  For preparing scripts, selecting the language, and following the framework for preparing a test case. prepare reporting tool setup.

=> Locating elements -  Locate elements and select them by their different properties and store it in your prepared script.

=> Preparing test cases - Prepare test cases in the selected language are selenium roles and responsibilities.

=> Enhancing test cases-  Continuing to improve and adding on test case scripts makes your test script robust.

=> Execute test suites and prepare a report -  Make a suite of prepared test cases as per scenarios and execute it every time (mostly after code deployment). 

=> Analyzing test report - After execution of the test, the suite checks the test report and faults and bugs. resolve the founded fault and assign founded issues to the developer team.

Selenium Roles and Responsibilities At Various Levels

1+ Years Experience in Test Automation Using Selenium

  • Understanding Test Requirements and analyzing the Application under Test(AUT).
  • Generating Test Cases (Test Scripts) using Selenium Element locators and WebDriver API Commands.
  • Enhancing Test cases using Java Programming.
  • Debugging Test Cases and Fixing Errors.
  • Executing/Running Test Cases
  • Defect Reporting & Tracking
  • Test Reporting

2+ years Of Experience in Test Automation Using Selenium

  • Creating Test Automation Resources (Function Libraries etc…).
  • Handling duplicate objects and dynamic objects using index property and Regular expressions.
  • Collecting Test Data for Data-Driven Testing.
  • Creating Test Cases (Test Scripts) using Selenium Webdriver, Java, and TestNG Annotations.
  • Parameterization, Synchronization and define Test results.
  • Debugging and Running Tests - roles and responsibilities of selenium automation test engineer
  • Analyzing Test Results
  • Defect Reporting and Tracking using any Defect Management Tool.
  • Test Reporting - selenium roles and responsibilities 
  • Modifying Tests and performing Re & Regression Testing.

3+ years of Experience in Test Automation Using Selenium

  • Understanding and Analyzing the Application Under Test in terms of Object Identification - selenium automation testing roles and responsibilities
  • Creating Test scenarios and Collecting Test Data.
  • Identifying end-to-end scenarios and code modularity.
  • Implementing JUnit or TestNG Test Automation framework and developing automation infrastructure.
  • Creating reusable components - selenium tester roles and responsibilities 
  • Creating and enhancing Test Cases (Test Scripts) using Element locators, WebDriver methods, Java programming concepts, and TestNG Annotations.
  • Error Handling, Adding comments.
  • Creating Data-driven Tests and Running through the framework.
  • Cross Browser Testing - roles and responsibilities for selenium tester 
  • Parallel Test Execution.
  • Defining and exporting Test Results.
  • Analyzing Test Results and Reporting Defects.
  • Tracking Defects and Select Test cases for Re & Regression Testing.
  • Modifying Test Automation Resources and Maintenance of Resources.

4+ years of Experience in Test Automation Using Selenium

  • Selecting or Identifying Areas/Test cases for Automation.
  • Designing & Implementing Test Automation Strategy.
  • Creating Automation Test Plan and getting approvals.
  • Choose selenium tools and Configuring Selenium Test Environment 
  • Involvement in Selenium Environment Setup…
  • Automation Framework Design and Implementation.
  • Creating, Organizing, and managing Test Automation Resources.
  • Creating, Enhancing, debugging, and Running Test Cases.
  • Organizing, monitoring defect management process.
  • Handling changes and conducting Regression Testing.
  • Finding solutions for Object Identification issues and error handling issues.
  • Co-coordinating Test team members and Development team in order to resolve the issues.
  • Interacting with client-side people to solve issues and update status.

A Sample Automation Tester Job Description

Among so many roles and responsibilities of an automation tester, an Automation engineer is mainly  responsible for analyzing the functionality of applications and designing automated tests to validate their performance. You will also  work to find out bugs, install databases, and collaborate with the software design team. In order to ensure your success as a test automation engineer, make sure to have advanced programming skills, a keen eye for detail, and excellent project management skills. A skilled automation test engineer can design and write efficient test procedures for every software application.

Roles and Responsibilities of Automation Tester

  • Coordinate with the software design team to talk about the different verification protocols
  • Find out the weaknesses and target areas of a software application
  • Come up with ideas for automated software test procedures
  • Check but report and find problem areas
  • Designing and installing software databases
  • Figure out quality issues and creating test reports

Test Automation Engineer Requirements

  • You should have Bachelor’s degree in computer science, software engineering, or a similar field
  • Previous work experience as a automation test engineer 
  • Knowledge of advanced programming skills like automation systems and databases
  • Knowledge of programming script languages such as Java and VBScript. 
  • Detailed information about application functions,bug fixing, and testing protocols
  • Written and verbal communication skills 
  • Project management skills

How Much Is The Salary Of Automation Test Engineer in the United States

The average Automation Test Engineer salary in the United States is $73,037 as of April 27, 2021, but the salary range typically falls between $62,878 and $86,491. Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession. 

As per payscale

Automation Tester Job Role At Top Company Impact QA

Skill For Selenium Test Automation Engineer

To attain the #1 skill for automation tester, there are 2 different aspects and how much programming knowledge is required depends on your role and where do you see yourself in the industry after a few years. The aspects are:

Framework Designing

You are required to have a thorough understanding as well as coding skills in C#, Python, Java, Perl, SQL, XML as well as HTML and CSS. Although, what language you should be proficient in depends on the programming language used by the developers in the project. 

Creating the Test Scripts

Having sufficient knowledge of Selenium web drivers is good enough. However, if you are using UFT or QTP, you should have a thorough knowledge of programming. 

Excellent Manual Testing Skills

To become a skilled selenium test automation engineer and handle selenium roles and responsibilities, you will be required to have a keen eye and experience in manual testing as well. 

Expertise Using Selenium

Selenium has become a household name in the world of automation testing. Almost all major browsers ensure that Selenium is a native section of them. No matter whether you are a fresher or an experienced test automation engineer. You should have knowledge or working experience in Selenium to manage selenium roles and responsibilities.

Understanding The Business Requirements

Similarly, a skilled selenium test automation engineer must know the application inside out, from both frontends as well as the service layer before the testing phase begins. They must know

  • The programming languages used by the development team.
  • Platform or device requirement where the application is meant to run by end-users.
  • Databases used for storing the backend information along with user data.
  • APIs or web services connected to the system and how they are used.
  • All the features and functions expected by the end-user or the stakeholder once the application goes live.
  • Is there any manual testing executed while the testing phase began, if so, how?
  • Expected time spent by a manual tester while testing the application.
  • Whether there are any critical bugs that were left unfixed during the last release and how they may impact the business.
  • Expected delivery date by which the testing phase is needed to be completed.

Troubleshooting The Automation Tools

Popular test automation tools are quite large and complex and it requires the tester to have detailed technical knowledge about the tool itself before your project starts using them. 

Experience With Test Management Tools

The main objective of automation testing is to reduce the time complexity of the entire testing procedure. If you are a selenium test automation engineer, you should have some experience in a test management tool because,

  • They are flexible and allow the user to record any error and sort them according to the priority depending on how the error is affecting the project.
  • If you are an automation test lead, working experience in a test management tool will help you to keep track of how the testing phase is transitioning from one phase to another. 
  • If you are a tester, you can report your activities in the tool and if you are a test lead, you can have a real-time report of the resources working under you and what they are doing. 

Strong Certifications Are A Must

Certification will not only make your profile stand out from the others when you are applying for a new job, but it will also improve your knowledge base and eventually help you to follow an out-of-the-box approach while testing an application. Following are some popular automation testing certifications that may help you in the long run.

  • Certified Associate in Software Testing
  • ISTQB – Foundation Level
  • ISTQB – Advanced Level – Test Manager
  • ISTQB – Advanced Level – Test Analyst
  • HP HP0-M102 for UFT version 12.0
  • Certified Software Test Engineer
  • Selenium 101
  • Selenium Advanced

How To Become A Test Automation Engineer

Here is a quick guide on how to become a test automation engineer; 

Learn the basics of testing really well - You need to create a strong foundation of knowledge about testing as a field.  

Get started as early as possible - Begin to polish your skill set much earlier – on the open-source tools that are available free of charge. Install one of the tools on your personal computer and give it a try. You can use generic applications such as Gmail, Amazon, or even Microsoft Office. A;l this will help manage roles and responsibilities of selenium automation test engineer.

Learn basic coding concepts - In order to become a successful test automation engineer, you simply need to get some coding skills. You will need to learn automation testing and get some knowledge of programming languages like C, Java, Python, SQL, Perl, HTML, CSS, or XML.

The other is the technical skills that you need to become a great automation testing engineer: 

  • test design, 
  • – performance testing, 
  • – test architecture, 
  • – configuration management, 
  • – troubleshooting, 
  • – communication between teams, 
  • – manual testing agility and interaction, 
  • – continuous delivery, agile, and DevOps.

Learn how to understand applications - An automation testing engineer needs to have a full comprehension of the software application under test, inside and out. Here are some of the questions you should be able to answer when testing an application:

  • What were the programming languages used to develop the application? 
  • – Which platform is the application built on? 
  • – Which databases does it involve? 
  • – Are there any APIs or web services connected to different parts of the system? And if so, how? 
  • – What is the objective of the main stakeholders in developing the application? 
  • – What are the features and functionalities expected from the application? 
  • – Has manual testing been executed already? How many manual hours have been spent on testing the application? 
  • – Are there any unresolved bugs or other serious issues? 
  • – What is the expected delivery date of the application? 

Try your hand at automation testing tools - The majority of companies in the tech industry are already using test automation tools. The main reason behind that is the benefits they bring to companies. That’s why it’s critical that you start experimenting with the leading test automation tools available on the market. By doing that, you will learn more about their environment, architecture, and relevance for the application under test. 

Keep with the latest testing trends - Stay updated and keep a close eye on the latest trends in software testing and test automation. It’s not only about tools but also techniques and best practices that help professionals to achieve success in crafting test automation strategies.

Wrapping Up on Roles and Responsibilities of Selenium Automation Tester!!

Don’t take my words for granted. Let me put the statistics on your table and then leave the solution in your hands.

See the comparison between the whole test automation field with selenium web driver:

Google Trends - Web Search interest - Worldwide, 2004 - present

It shows the popularity of Selenium, selenium roles, and responsibilities

Since many companies are switching to Selenium Automation due to various reasons, there is high demand in the job market for this technology

Nowadays selenium interviews are based on your programming skill-sets and framework level knowledge.

  • The job market is moving towards a complete tester concept where the tester must have some proficiency in coding to handle selenium roles and responsibilities
  • Job security increases as such resources can be utilized in functional as well automation teams.
  • Most companies are asking testers with selenium capability so salary hike and job switch chances are good.
  • Job satisfaction is high as a selenium tester and more things to learn every day.
  • The person does not put much effort into learning new automation tools in the market, once he works in selenium automation for 2–3 years.

Begin your journey in the field, enroll in an Automation testing training program to become an expert in the automation testing domain with a focus on error-free software development and quality assurance. 

The industry is fast evolving, Grab your Selenium Tester Certification Fast to Give Wings to Your Dream Career !!

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    Jyotika Prasad

    Through market research and a deep understanding of products and services, Jyotika has been translating complex product information into simple, polished, and engaging content for Janbask Training.


Comments

  • J

    Jace

    Nice blog! I was seeking information related to the roles and responsibilities of a Selenium tester. And your article gave me all the sufficient information related to it.

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

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  • J

    Jaxon

    Can you suggest which certification is best to choose for a better salary package?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

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  • A

    Asher

    Is being a Selenium Tester a good job?

     Reply
  • P

    Paxton Harris

    Nice blog! I was seeking information related to the roles and responsibilities of a Selenium tester. And your article gave me all the sufficient information related to it.

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Hi, Thank you for reaching out to us with your query. Drop us your email id here and we will get back to you shortly!

  • A

    Aidan Johnson

    Can you suggest which certification is best to choose for a better salary package?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Hi, Thank you for reaching out to us with your query. Drop us your email id here and we will get back to you shortly!

  • S

    Simon Martinez

    Is being a Selenium Tester a good job?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

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  • H

    Holden White

    Is being a Selenium Tester a good job?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

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  • O

    O'Sullivan

    What is the cost of the Selenium tester course at your institute?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

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  • Rodriguez

    Hi! Informative blog, can you share some links related to the certifications so that I can prepare for them efficiently?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

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  • Samantha

    As I am doing b.tech in computer science, planning to grow my career in automation testing, from where I can start, do I need to join any additional courses to learn automation testing?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Glad you found this useful! For more such insights on your favourite topics, do check out JanBask Training Blogs and keep learning with us!

  • R

    Roberts

    As I am doing b.tech in computer science, planning to grow my career in automation testing, from where I can start, do I need to join any additional courses to learn automation testing?

     Reply
  • J

    Joe

    After exploring a testing career. I found selenium testing is one of the most demanding ones.

     Reply
  • T

    Tracy

    From where we can learn selenium testing skills?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Glad you found this useful! For more such insights on your favourite topics, do check out JanBask Training Blogs and keep learning with us!

  • M

    Morton

    I am preparing for ISTQB advanced level certification, please guide me with some valuable tips to crack the exam in one go?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Thank you so much for your comment, we appreciate your time. Keep coming back for more such informative insights. Cheers :)

  • G

    Garcia

    Which one has high career growth manual testing or automation testing?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Thank you so much for your comment, we appreciate your time. Keep coming back for more such informative insights. Cheers :)

  • L

    Louis Anderson

    After exploring a testing career. I found selenium testing is one of the most demanding ones.

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Thank you so much for your comment, we appreciate your time. Keep coming back for more such informative insights. Cheers :)

  • N

    Nash Martin

    From where we can learn selenium testing skills?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Thank you so much for your comment, we appreciate your time. Keep coming back for more such informative insights. Cheers :)

  • S

    Simon Martinez

    I am preparing for ISTQB advanced level certification, please guide me with some valuable tips to crack the exam in one go?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Thank you so much for your comment, we appreciate your time. Keep coming back for more such informative insights. Cheers :)

  • P

    Phoenix Robinson

    Which one has high career growth manual testing or automation testing?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Thank you so much for your comment, we appreciate your time. Keep coming back for more such informative insights. Cheers :)

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