A software test engineer is a part of an elaborated team of software engineers who create complex product solutions in addition to maintaining the manual or automated testing of products. Usually, a minimum bachelor degree is required in computer science, engineering or other similar fields to become a software tester. Regular working hours and fixed schedule are expected for test engineers. Travel is optional but experience in latest technologies is essential to move ahead in the testing field.
Important Facts about the Software Test Engineer Profile
||Bachelor degree, training or diploma in the similar program
||Critical Thinking, programming skills, active listener, comprehension reading skills
||Basic knowledge of computer servers, operating systems, long sitting hours etc.
||QA Analyst, QA director, Software Quality Engineer, Product quality engineer, Test Manager etc.
The average salary of a software test engineer is estimated to be $85,594 per year in the USA on March 2019. The salaries of most software engineer range between $68,000 to $104,000 and it varies because of multiple factors like location, experience, knowledge base etc. Based on a recent survey, the job market for software engineers is quite active in India and the United States.
Software Test Engineer (STE) Job Description
A software test engineer develops test cases, test automation scripts for testing software products. The other duties of a software engineer involve effective communication with customers to cater to varied software demands, and developing automated tests using programming languages like Java, Visual Basics, and so on.
Software test engineers should give strong attention to details through writing diagrams, flow charts, graphs etc. Confidentiality is the must requirement for most of the testing operations. Another important responsibility of a test engineer involves creating test reports and managing all result sets.
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The major tasks of a software test engineer:
- Developing manual and program automated test software using diverse tools or source documentation.
- Modify the requirements and design product reviews.
- Documenting, resolving, or tracking bugs with the help of the programming team.
- Designing test cases, benchmarks, testing frameworks etc.
Pay by experience for Software Test Engineers
Salary on the basis of experience shows a positive trend for software test engineers.
- A software test engineer at the entry-level with less than 5 years of experience earns a total compensation of $66,000. The average total compensation of a software test engineer includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay.
- A software test engineer in the mid-career with an experience of 5 to 10 years is expected to earn average compensation of $84,000.
- A software test engineer at the experienced-level with an experience of 10 to 20 years is expected to earn average compensation of $94,000.
- A software test engineer in the late-career includes an experience of more than 20 years is expected to earn average compensation of $100,000.
Popular Skills Required for Software Test Engineer
Most notably, Python, Selenium testing tool and Linux are correlated to pay significantly above average respectively. Skills that pay little low as compared to the above-mentioned skills include Microsoft Word and Dotnet. Engineers having good experience in Java tends to be well versed in Microsoft Word. For a newbie, here is our testing approach to learning.
Non-Technical Skills to become a Software Tester
Following skills are required to become a good software tester. Compare these skills with your skills set and determine whether software testing is a reality for you.
- Analytical Skills: A good software tester should have sharp analytical skills that will break up a complex software system into smaller units to gain an in-depth understanding of test cases.
- Communication Skills: A good software tester should have excellent verbal or written skills. Testing artifacts like test cases, test plans, test strategies, and bug reports created by software testers should be easy to read and understand.
- Time Management Skills: Each software product has a delivery data and testers should strictly follow the timelines for effective release of code on time.
- Organization Skills: A software tester should be able to manage workloads effectively with maximum productivity, time management, and organization skills.
- Positive Attitude: Every software tester should have a positive attitude. An attitude to detailed orientation, willingness to learn new things, grasping new technologies with overwhelming speed, suggest necessary product improvements too. A good software tester should have a certain degree of independence where you take the ownership of the task allotted and completing the same on time with direct supervision.
- Passion: To succeed in any professional job, you should have the right passion for it. A software tester should know how to perform the testing and he should have the passion to learn things that hold his interest.
Technical Skills to become a Software Tester
Following technical skills are required to become a good software tester. Compare these skills with your existing skills set and determine whether software testing is a reality for you.
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- Database Knowledge: Software systems store a large amount of data in the background using different operating systems like Oracle, MySQL etc. There comes the situation when data needs to be validated. Here, simple SQL queries can be used to check either data is stored properly in backend databases or not.
- Linux OS Knowledge: Most of the software apps, web services, application servers are deployed on Linux machines for safety reasons. So, it is critical for testers to learn Linux commands to succeed in their field.
- Defect Tracking tools: Defect tracking tools are considered key aspects of software testing. It is highly critical to managing defects properly in a systematic manner. This is the reason why the testing team should know about defect management tools in depth that includes Bugzilla, Jira, QC etc.
- Test Management tools: Test management tools are another important aspect of software testing. If test management techniques are not proper then the software testing process may fail. Test management process is nothing but tracking defects against artifacts. One of the popular test management tools includes TestLink for tracking all test cases written by your team. The list is long, so you should focus on the latest tools only that are highly demanded by Companies. The working knowledge is quite recommended here to get selected by top MNCs and gain attractive salary packages too.
- Automation tools: if you wanted to get into automation testing field then you should master two-three tools in depth and get hands-on experience to become a good tester.
This is all about the technical skills required to become a good tester but all of them are not needed for getting hired by Companies. The technical skills requirements generally depend on the job role and Company processes.
Software Tester Career Path
Your career progression in the software testing field generally looks like this but it may vary from Company to Company.
- QA Analyst (Fresher)
- QA Analyst (2-3 years' experience)
- QA Team Coordinator (5-6 years' experience)
- Test Manager (8-11 years' experience)
- Senior Test Manager (14+ experience)
Once you get your hands dirty in manual testing, other testing options include:
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- Automation Testing
- Performance Testing
- Business Analyst
Being a software tester, when you apply for permanent testing jobs, you should have the relevant skills and practical experience that will increase your overall chances of being selected by top Companies. Further, certifications are also considered good and certified software testers are given more priority as compared to others. You can pursue certification of your choice.
To know more, you should join the QA certification course at the JanBask Training and learn testing tools and more concepts in depth that are used in a job environment.
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Testing Vs. Different Technologies
- AWS & Fundamentals of Linux
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