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Selenium & QTP Compared- What should you Know?

Right testing is crucial to the success of any software. We have witnessed many disasters that could have been prevented if proper testing was implemented.

Testing is no more that traditional running the code deal. It has changed. Are you updated with those changes?

Two very famous testing tools have gathered much attention in the testing world. If you wish to be on top of your testing game you must know about these two tools and their differences.

Here in this blog, we have tried to differentiate between these two very popular tools. The differentiation is on many criteria to give you a clearer picture. Let's go! The blog covers the following topics-

Selenium- An Insight

Selenium is an opensource programming testing apparatus that had been created by Jason Huggins and his group This is discharged under the Apache 2.0 permit and can be downloaded and utilized with no charge. It gives a record/playback work for composing the tests implied for web applications. It offers a test space explicit language (DSL) to compose tests in numerous mainstream dialects like C#, Java, Groovy, Perl, PHP, Python and Ruby and so on. Selenium chips away at Windows, Linux, and Macintosh stages. Numerous extra undertakings have developed out of the parent Selenium like Selenium Grid Selenium IDE and Selenium Remote Control having various capacities that give a lift to the parent Selenium.

Let us define QTP

QTP is a Quick Test Professional, which is a mechanization useful testing device. With QTP we can mechanize client activities, windows, and electronic PC applications and test similar activities for various clients. For testing we can begin QTP and login action, it will record steps and ready to run similar strides later on. QTP accompanies a permit, when we introduced just because 60 days completely useful demo permit is given after that we have to purchase the permit. Utilizing QTP we can test online and work area applications and it gives both record and playback office. It depends on VB scripting language. QTP can be utilized by both specialized and non-specialized clients. It utilizes VBScript as the scripting language for determining a test method, and for controlling the items and controls of the AUT. It supports a watchword and an incredible graphical user interface.

QTP v Selenium- Let the Battle Begin

1). An Overview

The HP QTP testing device offers relapse and practical robotization tests for application programming. It can likewise be utilized for big business Quality Assurance and its GUI bolsters watchword and scripting. It fundamentally utilizes VBScript language to control and control objects of the applications experiencing the test.

Read: How To Download & Install Selenium IDE & WebDriver

Then again, Selenium is opensource and is progressively fit coding and testing strategy. There is an undeniable predisposition these days for Selenium because of its help for different programming dialects and different highlights. Give us a chance to investigate a portion of the conspicuous Selenium versus QTP contrasts.

2). Pricing Compared

Test Automation is done to spare the expense of programming improvement process. However, the instruments can signify the expense. HP UFT is a paid instrument, whereas the license is purchased for every client. Selenium, on the opposite, is a free instrument and can be downloaded whenever.

3). Kind of Language Support that you get

When we are looking at programming dialects, HP UFT just bolsters VB scripting to compose the mechanization content, though Selenium has the upside of utilizing numerous programming dialects like Java, C#, Ruby, Python, Perl, PHP, and JavaScript. Along these lines, on the off chance that you don't know C#, you can generally compose the content in PHP or Perl or Ruby. Selenium gets an edge along these lines.
For HP UFT, the contents can be created in QTP/UFT IDE just though in selenium, we have a more extensive scope of IDEs like Visual Studio, Eclipse, Netbeans to make contents.
QTP test scripts are composed distinctly in VBScript which is a functioning scripting language created by Microsoft and the test contents can't be written in any basic programming language while Selenium test contents are written in the basic easy to use programming dialects like Java, Python, C#, Scala, Ruby, etc yet the most usually utilized language among these is Java.

4). Execution Environment

HP UFT must be utilized in Windows condition and requires Google Chrome, IE or Firefox as the program. Alongside the equivalent, it likewise underpins various conditions like SAP, Oracle,.NET. However, the client needs to buy addon permit for them. Be that as it may, Selenium can be utilized on Linux, Windows, Solaris, OS X. The help for portable applications is additionally accessible in HP UFT utilizing MobileCloud. Notwithstanding, Selenium offers help for Android, iPhone and iPad, Blackberry and Headless WebKit.

Selenium is utilized for testing just web application. In any case, HP UFT is utilized for testing customer server applications, work area just as web applications. QTP bolsters various situations like SAP, Oracle, etc and it doesn't bolster extra modules to the product though Selenium underpins all extra modules nearby its highlights.

5). The ability to recognize Test Objects

HP UFT accompanies the inherent object repository, and the Object archive advancement and support are very simple in the equivalent. The inbuilt Object Repository stores Element Id and numerous credits to recognize objects that give adaptability on deviation acknowledgment in control acknowledgment.

However, Selenium does not have such worked in article archive, however, the items can be overseen by utilizing UI component client augmentation. The articles are recognized utilizing UI Maps and distinctive item area system, for example, - XPath Element ID or property DOM.

Read: What is Selenium Grid? Selenium Grid Tutorials for Beginners

6). Customer Service Care

HP UFT generally gives excellent specialized help, and there are different discussions, which can help in specialized issues. In the examination, Selenium does not give any specialized help. However, the inquiries can be looked through different online gatherings and open-source network. HP UFT additionally continues discharging new forms and fixes for the in-constructed bugs in the software.

7). Knowledge Required for Reports

The intuitive and altered reports can be made utilizing the HP ALM/Quality Center reports module. Extremely less specialized information is required for scripting and producing modified reports. On account of Selenium, the content designer generally needs excellent learning alongside specialized abilities to incorporate various bits of the structure. For revealing, Selenium incorporates with Jenkins and can give great announcing and dashboard abilities.

8). Comparison on the scale of License

QTP is authorized, and the expense is excessively high, and the client needs to pay for every one of the variants of this apparatus while Selenium is an open-source instrument and the client does not need to pay for any of the forms of this device.

9). Elasticity

QTP isn't entirely adaptable with regards to executing the experiments crosswise over various stages. It principally underpins Windows and executes the tests there. It likewise tests Web, Mobile, and work area applications while Selenium is exceptionally adaptable because the experiments can keep running crosswise over various stages like Chrome, Firefox, IE, etc. It can just test web applications and can't test portable or work area applications.

10). IDE based comparison

QTP test case conditions take a shot at QTP created condition and not on some other IDEs separated from this while Selenium test contents are coordinated and keep running crosswise over various IDEs like Eclipse, NetBeans, .Net, etc.

11). Storage Conditions

QTP has an inbuilt item vault which is a typical stockpiling area for all the test objects, and is a gathering of the considerable number of articles and its properties with which QTP will most likely remember them and follow up on it while Selenium does not have any inbuilt store as it utilizes the web components in the UI to test the applications.

12). Vocational Prospects

QTP is an all the more incredible asset when contrasted with Selenium, but since of its higher permit cost, numerous associations don't receive this instrument for mechanization. Besides, the greatest number of devices which could be coordinated with QTP are paid too, decreasing its interest and ubiquity.
In case you are an amateur in Automation, then QTP isn't ideal as odds of getting enlisted is less just as you can not learn and rehearse it well with the constrained free preliminary of 60 days. There are extremely less proficient and refreshed instructional exercises accessible on QTP online which makes it increasingly hard to learn.

Read: Learn How To Handle Different Webelements in Selenium

13). The ability of Handling Cloud Condition

One of the key contrasts among Selenium and QTP is that on Selenium, one uses Linux Virtual Machines which are nearly less expensive to keep up and keep running than HP QTP's Windows Virtual Machine. The arrangement and upkeep time is likewise less in Linux VMs than Windows VMs. Additionally, in Selenium you can run concurrent tests one after another on a solitary machine while you could run and control just a solitary test on HP QTP.

14). Overall Testing Environment Management

This is a key component while considering QTP versus Selenium as HP QTP has test the executives and Selenium doesn't. The element doesn't generally make a difference a lot to experts yet its an immense preferred position to maturing programming engineers. In HP QTP incorporated TD/QC track the tests and produce fundamental reports. You don't have an incorporated device on Selenium to create and track tests and it must be finished by utilizing separate testing structures.

15). Comparison of Application Testing

Perhaps the greatest bit of leeway that HP QTP testing device has over Selenium is its capacity to run tests on the web just as a work area. Selenium can be utilized distinctly to do online testing. This component is restricted by the way that QTP is perfect just with the Windows stage and can't run tests on other working frameworks.

16). Efficiency of implementation

QTP usually tests one application for each apparatus, though Selenium can execute different, synchronous tests on a solitary machine. Moreover, QTP content execution takes more RAM and CPU control than does Selenium. QTP can keep running in numerous Windows VMs, yet these are more asset hungry than Linux VMs, which Selenium can use.

17). Functionalities

UFT gives useful, relapse and API test automation for programming applications and conditions for big business quality affirmation. We can test all the three layers of an application: the interface, the administration layer, and the database layer from solitary support of UFT as it gives a graphical UI.
Automation activities can be performed by an end client on an electronic or work area application utilizing UFT. We can imitate client's activity like tapping on GUI components of utilizations, entering console sources of info and substantially more. Truth be told, UFT can do it a lot quicker than human whenever scripted proficiently.


Knowing the difference between the two most popular and widely used IDEs can be very advantageous. Int his manner you will always know that which IDE should you use while conducting your testing activities. For more insight into this, you can try to gain more solid training in testing procedures. JanBask Training can help you with that as it provides an excellent QA testing training course.
You know the difference between the two tools in various aspects. You can see which tool suits you the most after contrasting and reading the kind of attributes you are looking forward to.

Read: Selenium Webdriver Tutorial for Quick Learners

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