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Automation Testing Interview Questions and Answers

Introduction

For any prospective quality assurance tester, the technical portion of an interview is challenging. The interviewers want to assess and evaluate your skills, and they accomplish that by asking various questions. Your answers will be the only factor that secures your job. And if you have the Automation Testing Training & Certification, that is a huge deal maker. 

To help you land the chosen job, we have curated a list of the most frequently asked automation testing interview questions and answers. Check out the following fundamental questions regarding automated testing to help you sharpen your knowledge of the essentials.

Q1. What Do You Understand by Automation Testing?

Ans- Automation Testing is about utilizing an automation tool to execute test cases. The primary goal of Automation Testing is to decrease the number of test cases to be run manually and not eliminate Manual Testing. One can learn more about automation testing from verified online sources on automation testing tutorials. 

Q2. When Is It a Good Time to Automate a Test?

Ans- Under the following conditions, a test is worth automation.

  • When the test can be repeated.
  • The behavior of the tested feature stays the same regularly.
  • It takes time for a human tester.
  • The test necessitates complex computations.
  • The test confirms that the new change did not break the previous functionality.

Q3. How Do You Select a Good Test Automation Tool?

Ans- Choosing an automation testing tool is crucial. Many automation testing tools are available on the market, but finding the right one is the task. These are some of the essential factors involved in selecting an automation tool:

  • Robust object identification
  • Boosts common programming languages for test script creation, for example, Java
  • Easy to use
  • Good debugging facility
  • Record and Playback
  • Wide Test Environment support
  • Image testing abilities
  • Testing of database
  • Parameterization
  • Support multiple automation frameworks
  • Cost and budget
  • Good reporting system

Q4. When Should You Avoid Automated Testing?

Ans- Here are several environments where an automated tester can outperform an automated test suite regarding software testing. That is why knowing how much testing is enough in software testing is vital.

  • During automation testing, the functionality under test changes regularly. It signifies that you must update your automated tests regularly to keep them current. If not, it can soon become obsolete and cease to be helpful.
  • Exploratory testing is also not suitable for automated testing. A human tester can verify software considerably more thoroughly than a computer.
  • They will not find any if the automated tests are programmed or configured to check for UI flaws.

Q5. What Are the Stages of the Automated Testing?

Ans- The automated testing process consists of standard five steps:

  • First and foremost is the primary test tool selection.
  • Then comes defining the scope of the automated testing and its parameters
  • Third, you plan, design, and develop any automation test strategy and its required environment
  • Test scripting and execution
  • Test analysis, reporting, and continued maintenance

Remember that the test planning phase is separated from some projects' testing environment setup stage, resulting in a five-step automated testing process.

What are the stages of the automated testing?

Q6. What Are the Benefits of Automated Testing?

Ans- Automated testing has numerous potential benefits. 

Some of the essential benefits include

  • Boosted speed of execution
  • More comprehensive test coverage
  • Improved efficiency
  • Lower costs
  • More promising data insights
  • Less human interaction and a reduced risk of error
  • More heightened app quality and performance

Q7. What are some good coding practices for automation?

Ans- Best software testing practices that will make your software stand out from the rest. These steps are essential when it comes to good automation practices

  • Run your scripts regularly.
  • Store the test data in a separate file.
  • Add proper comments to explain that coding part.
  • Must follow the language-specific coding conventions.
  • You should identify the reusable methods and write them in a separate file.

Q8. Define Data-Driven Testing Framework.

Ans- In a data-driven testing framework, the input and expected output data corresponding to the input data are stored in a file or database. The automated script runs the same test steps for multiple data sets. It also allows you to run multiple test cases where only the input data differs, but the execution steps remain the same.

Define Data-Driven Testing framework

Q9. Why Should You Use Selenium for Test Automation?

Ans- Selenium should be used for test automation for specific reasons:

  • A free and open-source tool
  • Large user base and community support
  • Has cross-browser compatibility (Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, etc.)
  • It has excellent platform affinity (Windows, Mac OS, Linux, etc.).
  • Assists multiple programming languages (Java, C#, Ruby, Python, Perl, etc.)
  • Has fresh and regular repository developments
  • Supports distributed testing

Enhance your knowledge of Selenium and get started with Automation Testing in Selenium.

Q10. How Do You Identify the Test Cases Suitable for Automation?

Ans- Automation testers should understand what to automate. Determining the correct test cases for automation plays a crucial role in the success of automation testing.

  • Tests that run for multiple builds.
  • Tests that lead to human error.
  • Tests that need multiple sets of data.
  • Tests that have high risk.
  • Tests that are challenging to perform manually.
  • Tests that take colossal time and struggle when performed manually.

Learn how to become an automation testing expert and identify test cases suitable for automation. 

Q11. What Are the Advantages of the Automation Framework?

Ans- The advantage of the Test Automation framework

  • Reusability of code
  • Maximum coverage
  • Recovery scenario
  • Low-cost maintenance
  • Minimal manual intervention
  • Easy Reporting

Q12. What are TDD and BDD?

Ans- The test-first approaches and programming practices of test-driven development (TDD) and Behavior-driven Development (BDD) are used to evaluate the code's functionality. Little portions of an application are independently tested with TDD, and the test design technique frequently begins with developing a written test case. BDD functions as a team methodology that evaluates the effectiveness of the application.

Q13. How Are API Test Results Verified?

Ans- You must conduct automation testing to verify reliability and performance because APIs offer instructions for communication between various systems and web application components. REST over HTTP, which confirms the REST contract, is the most popular API testing approach.

Q14. What Types of Frameworks Are Used in Software Automation Testing?

Ans- Four types of frameworks used are:

  • Hybrid automation framework
  • Keyword-driven automation framework
  • Data-driven automation framework
  • Modular automation framework

Q15. Is It Possible to Achieve 100% Automation?

Ans- No, it is never possible to automate everything. Achieving 100% automation is next to impossible as there are some scenarios where a registration page has a captcha or some test cases we execute infrequently. Moreover, automating these test cases will not add value to the automation or bring positive ROI.

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Conclusion

Here are the top automation testing interview questions and answers. These most-asked basic automation testing questions are framed by experts who lead our Automation testing Training to give you an idea of the type of questions asked in interviews. They have taken complete care to give accurate answers to all the questions. You can also check out other OA testing courses that benefit your career. Do comment with your thoughts!

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