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Top Nagios Interview Questions & Answers in Linux



Introduction On Nagios Interview Questions And Answers In Linux

For DevOps professionals, Nagios is one of the most imperative software tools that can provide them the facility of continuous monitoring. Nagios can provide relevant feedback and updates of new software version releases; this is what developers require in this world of software where every day new versions of the software get released.

DevOps need such tools to perform continuous monitoring. Even if someone applies for a DevOps profile then he or she can be asked about Nagios. So here, in this blog, we are going to cover all possible Nagios interview questions and answers in Linux that can be asked by you in a DevOps interview.

Nagios interview questions and answers in linux

Nagios Tricky Interview Question Answer

Let us talk about Nagios interview questions and answers in Linux as well as Nagios interview questions and answers for experienced.  

Q1). Explain Nagios or what Nagios is, Explain it.

Nagios is a monitoring tool that is used for continuous monitoring of system services, applications, and business processes. Even in case of any failure, Nagios tool can alert the technical staff about the problem. As a result, DevOps professionals or technical team members can begin the required remediation processes before the negative impact of any business processes, customers, and end-users. Here, in such cases, the team does not have to explain to anyone why an unseen infrastructure outage affects the bottom line of the organization.

Now as you know ‘what is Nagios?’ then you can also mention the things that can be achieved by the Nagios DevOps tool:

  • Automatic problem fixing as and when they occur.
  • Infrastructure upgrades planning even before any failure due to an outdated system.
  • Technical team response coordination.
  • To ensure that the SLA of your organization will be met.
  • To monitor the business process and the entire infrastructure.
  • To respond to issues even as and when they arise.

Above mentioned are all major factors that make Nagios a complete tool for continuous monitoring. (Here in such a question you can also add some advantages of Nagios if time permits.)

Q2). Explain the Working of Nagios, How Does It Work?

On a server, Nagios either runs as a service or daemon. Plugins that reside on the same server are being run by the Nagios; basically, they contact the hosts or servers of your network or on the internet. We can check the status by web interface; even notifications can also be received by email or SMS when something happens.

Nagios service runs certain scripts after a fixed time interval, so it acts as a scheduler. It can store the script result and run other scripts when it is changed.

Q3). Explain Nagios Plugins.

Plugins are basically scripts of Perl and Shell that can be run through the command line to check the service status of the host. Nagios can also use the result of the plugins that determine the present status of host or services of the network.

Now to answer the question of why we need plugins, you can also add here that, plugins are executed by Nagios to check the status of any service or host. A check is performed by the plugin and the result is returned to Nagios. The result is processed by Nagios to take the necessary actions.

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Q4). What do you understand by NRPE or Nagios Remote Plugin Executor of Nagios?

NRPE or Nagios remote plugin executor is designed to allow execution of plugins on remote Linux or UNIX-based machines. These plugins are executed to monitor the usage of CPU load and memory usage like a local resource of remote machines. It is required as this information is not usually exposed publicly to an external machine and for this purpose, an NRPE agent is installed on remote machines.

NRPE add-on or plugin has two components that work together to perform the task:

  • A ‘check_nrpe’ plugin that resides on the local machine and it is used for monitoring
  • The NRPE daemon that can run on remote machines

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Q5). What Are Port Numbers Used by Nagios for Monitoring Purposes?

Usually, the port numbers 5666, 5667, and 5668 are used for monitoring in Nagios DevOps tool.

Q6). Explain the Main Configuration File and Its Location.

Following is the description of the main configuration file:

Resource File: To store sensitive information like user details that may include username and passwords it is used. The information is not made available to CGI.

Object Definition File:  In this file, you can find and enlist the details of resources that you want to monitor and how you want the monitoring to be performed? Host services, host groups, contacts, contact groups, commands, etc. are defined in this file.

CGI Configuration File: Several directives are contained and stored in a CGI file that can affect the CGI o. A reference to the main configuration file is also stored in this file, so that CGI can know the details of Nagios configuration as and when required and the location of object definition storage.

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Q7). What Are the State Types of Nagios?

Following are the state types of Nagios:

  • Service or host state type
  • Some states like OK, WARNING, UP, or DOWNstate host or service
  • Two state types are SOFT state or HARD state

Q8). What Are Soft and Hard States?

We can define soft and hard states as:

  • In case of the SOFT state, the service or host check results are not OK or not up to the mark, even if the service check has not been rechecked the number of times that are specified for it, moreover the times that are being specified by the max_check_attempts directive. Recovery of the component from such Soft error is called Soft Recovery.
  • When a host or service check result is not ‘OK’ and it has been checked for the number of times, specified by the max_check_attempts directive in the host definition, then this error is known as Hard Error. Recovery of any service from this error is known as Hard Recovery.

Q9). What Is State Stalking in Nagios?

State stalking is used for logging purposes in Nagios. When stalking is enabled for any service or host then Nagios watches it very carefully and stores any changes that are found in the check result of that resource.

Stalking can be helpful in later stages of log file analysis. Here in such a scenario, any host or service check can be performed only if it has been updated for the last time.

Q10). Why Is It Being Said That Nagios Is Object-Oriented?

Nagios has an object configuration format where you can create object definitions that can inherit the properties from other hostnames or object definitions. In this way, you can specify the component relationships easily. The components are considered as objects by the Nagios.

Q11). Which Three Nagios Variables Can Affect Recursion and Inheritance in Nagios?

The three variables that affect recursion and inheritance are:

  • Name
  • Use
  • Register

Here, a Name is just a placeholder that can be used by the other objects. Use variables can be used to define parent objects, whose properties are to be used. Registers are also used for storing values that can be either 0 or 1. Register values cannot be inherited.

Q12). How Does Flap Detection Work in Nagios?

When a service or host changes its state frequently, then it is called flapping that may cause lots of problems and generate too many recovery notifications. Flapping is detected in the following manner:

  • Store the results of the last 21 checks and then analyze this historical check result to know the number of transitions that are being taken place by the host or service.
  • Know the percent state change value with the help of state transition
  • Compare the value of this state change against low and high flapping thresholds
  • When this value exceeds then the highest specified threshold then it is called flapping
  • When this percent state value goes down the specified value then it is said that flapping has been stopped.

Q13). Explain the Main Configuration File of Nagios.

Several directives are contained in the main configuration file that can affect Nagios daemon. This file is read by both CGIs and Nagios daemons.

Read: Salary Structure of DevOps Engineer & Architect in the USA

A Nagios file is usually created in the base Nagios directory, at the time when you run the configuration script. The name of this file that is the main configuration file is ‘nagios.cfg’ and is usually placed in etc/subdirectory

Q14). How Is Distributed Monitoring Being Done in Nagios?

There is a distributed monitoring scheme in Nagios with the help of which you can monitor your complete enterprise that may include local slave instances. In such an environment, Nagios submit the result of reports of tasks to a single machine. All configuration, reporting, and notification can be managed at the master machine and here slaves do all the work. Here Nagios uses passive checks that are basically external applications that can send the results back to Nagios.

Q15). Differentiate Between Active and Passive Check.

The major difference between active and passive checks is that Active checks are initiated by Nagios itself, while Passive checks are performed by external applications.

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Conclusion on Nagios Interview Questions and Answers for Experienced

Knowing answers to all the questions mentioned above is not enough, but you should join DevOps certification to increase and upgrade your skills. We at Janbask training are here to help you and master DevOps concepts practically.  So, what are you waiting for just enroll NOW!!

Apart from this, you can always go ahead and get hands-on training which can help you with Nagios interview questions and answers for experienced professionals. Also, this gives you an opportunity to attain success in a real job-like scenario.

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Comments

  • K

    Knox Miller

    I want to enter a devops career. I have no idea about how i can enter this field, please guide me with necessary details like education background, degree required, or course fee.

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Glad you found this useful! For more such insights on your favourite topics, do check out JanBask Training Blogs and keep learning with us!

  • P

    Paul Wilson

    Next week I have to face a Nagios based interview. Thanks to this blog, now I am feeling much more confident about that.

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Glad you found this useful! For more such insights on your favourite topics, do check out JanBask Training Blogs and keep learning with us!

  • A

    Adonis Smith

    Listed some good questions that I was going to miss but all thanks to this blog I had a great revision.

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Thank you so much for your comment, we appreciate your time. Keep coming back for more such informative insights. Cheers :)

  • E

    Emilio Davis

    Hope this guide will help me crack my coming nagios interview with confidence.

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Thank you so much for your comment, we appreciate your time. Keep coming back for more such informative insights. Cheers :)

  • Z

    Zane Brown

    Is it necessary for devops professionals to learn nagios?from where I can learn more about it.

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Hello, JanBask Training offers online training to nurture your skills and make you ready for an amazing career run. Please write to us in detail at help@janbasktraining.com. Thanks!

  • K

    Kaden Brown

    What are the charges of the Nagios course at your institute? Can you share a tutorial link with me so that I may have an idea of Nagios?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Hello, JanBask Training offers online training to nurture your skills and make you ready for an amazing career run. Please write to us in detail at help@janbasktraining.com. Thanks!

  • L

    Lane Clark

    Hi! I found some Nagios interview questions important, which I think I was really going to miss. So not an excellent one, but still helpful information. Beginners can get a lot of help from it!

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Hello, JanBask Training offers online training to nurture your skills and make you ready for an amazing career run. Please write to us in detail at help@janbasktraining.com. Thanks!

  • H

    Harry

    The article includes every part of course, which is really helpful for a person who has low self-confidence for the interview? Can you pls share some more details related to the AWS certification, my brother wants information about this?

     Reply
    • JanbaskTraining

      Hello, JanBask Training offers online training to nurture your skills and make you ready for an amazing career run. Please write to us in detail at help@janbasktraining.com. Thanks!

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