What is circular dependency in angular?

8.3K    Asked by MelvinForbis in Python , Asked on Jan 9, 2020
Answered by Arun Singh

Circular dependency occurs when service A injects service B, but service B in turn injects service A, usually indirectly. For example, B depends on service C which depends on A – A -> B -> C -> A forms a circle.

The simplest scenario is if we have three files:


import { CustomModel } from './custom.model';

import { CustomForm } from './custom.form';

export class Forms {

  items: CustomForm[] = [];

  public constructor(models?: CustomModel[]) {

    models.forEach(model => this.items.push(new CustomForm(model)));




export class CustomModel {

  nestedModels: CustomModel[];



import { Forms } from './forms.model';

import { CustomModel } from './custom.model';

export class CustomForm {

  nestedForms: Forms;

  constructor(model: CustomModel) {

    this.nestedForms = new Forms(model.nestedModels);



This causes the following warnings:

WARNING in Circular dependency detected:

srcppmodelscustom.form.ts -> srcppmodels orms.model.ts -> srcppmodelscustom.form.ts

WARNING in Circular dependency detected:

srcppmodels orms.model.ts -> srcppmodelscustom.form.ts -> srcppmodels orms.model.ts

The issue is clear:

We are using custom.model.ts into custom.form.ts and also custom.form.ts into custom.model.ts. This is called CircularDependencies and that is not good. Circular Dependency can result in a crash of an application. We should definitely remove circular dependency present in codebase.


Just remove import { CustomForm } from './custom.form'; from custom.model.ts

Your Answer


Parent Categories