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What is Ethical Hacking? Types of Hacking and Career Potential

Introduction

In the previous two decades, technology has advanced quickly, giving rise to innovations and tools leading to transformations. While considerable technological advancement has given rise to technologies that make working, living, and navigating modern life easier, it has also created a larger window of security weaknesses that hackers love to take advantage of. Additionally, this broad phenomenon makes us more susceptible than ever to fraudulent activity, privacy breaches, hostile attacks, and other annoyances. That is why having a secure and well-organized digital environment depends so heavily on cybersecurity. Cybersecurity provides our protection from hackers, cybercriminals, and other fraudsters.

Modern-day hackers are less than highly skilled professionals, and depending on their goals and how they carry out their attacks, they can be divided into a few different groups. Not all hackers are criminals; some are employed to foil illicit activity. 

In this article, we'll explore different types of hacking, and other significant issues, including why cybersecurity is necessary, what ethical hacking is, the potential career paths in ethical hacking, the required skills, Cybersecurity certification, etc.

Introduction

In the previous two decades, technology has advanced quickly, giving rise to innovations and tools leading to transformations. While considerable technological advancement has given rise to technologies that make working, living, and navigating modern life easier, it has also created a larger window of security weaknesses that hackers love to take advantage of. Additionally, this broad phenomenon makes us more susceptible than ever to fraudulent activity, privacy breaches, hostile attacks, and other annoyances. That is why having a secure and well-organized digital environment depends so heavily on cybersecurity. Cybersecurity provides our protection from hackers, cybercriminals, and other fraudsters.

Modern-day hackers are less than highly skilled professionals, and depending on their goals and how they carry out their attacks, they can be divided into a few different groups. Not all hackers are criminals; some are employed to foil illicit activity. 

In this article, we'll explore different types of hacking, and other significant issues, including why cybersecurity is necessary, what ethical hacking is, the potential career paths in ethical hacking, the required skills, Cybersecurity certification, etc.

What is Ethical Hacking?

In this section, we will deal with “What is Ethical Hacking?”Ethical hacking, often known as penetration testing, is the process of breaking into networks or computer systems to look for dangers or weaknesses that a malicious attacker might discover and use to steal data, cause financial loss, or cause other serious harm. By repairing the flaws discovered during testing, ethical hacking aims to increase the security of the network or system. In order to increase security and protect systems from attacks by malicious users, ethical hackers are permitted to utilise the same techniques and tools as harmful hackers—but only with permission from the appropriate party. Ethical hackers are required to notify management of any vulnerabilities and weaknesses discovered during the process.

Significance of Ethical Hacking in 2022

Today's most valuable asset for any company is its "DATA," so protecting that asset should be the top concern for every company. The amount of data generated on a daily basis is enormous, whether we focus on government or private businesses. Therefore, there is a very high likelihood that cybercriminals, hackers, or even terrorist organizations may target their sensitive data. Organizations are taking preventive security steps to ensure that their data is safe and secure because they are afraid of being hacked.

Significance of Ethical Hacking in 2022

Regardless of the size of the company, firms worldwide must take proactive measures like updating security on a regular basis since hackers are constantly seeking for new ways to get past firewalls. White hat or ethical hackers have developed a new method of safety. They run pen tests to assess the organization's security precautions. Simply said, they break into the organization's networks and give full, in-depth information regarding the security posture of the company. This raises their level of alertness and lowers the likelihood of actual threats like data theft by assisting the business in understanding the hacker's approach. We can also improve our security measures as we comprehend how a hacker might behave. All of this provides the business with the assurance that the walls constructed for its data security are sufficiently thick and sturdy.

Before we move to the center of this blog and explore the types of hacking, you must know that going through this article will help you understand different types of hacking and what is ethical hacking. But if you are looking to begin your career in this landscape, consider going for a professional Cybersecurity course.

What are the Types of Hackers?

Depending on how they intend to compromise a system, different sorts of hackers go by different names. There are primarily two types of hackers: White-Hat hackers and Black-Hat hackers. The names are inspired by vintage spaghetti westerns in which the good guy dons a white hat and the bad guy a black hat. Check below the list of different types of hackers

What are the Types of Hackers?

  •   White Hat Hackers 

White hat is one of the types of hacking that is legal and done with good intentions. To prevent this kind of hacking from happening to the data of a business, organization, or individual, permission is asked from the owner, and an investigation is conducted. White hat hacking is another name for ethical hacking, and those who engage in it are referred to as White hackers.

  •   Black Hat Hackers

They hack in violation of the law, and they do so to further their own financial interests. Black hat hacking is defended against ethical hacking. This type of hacking uses illegal techniques to penetrate a company's system or network or to breach security measures. The  next, we will check about the grey hat hacker. 

  •   Grey Hat Hacker

A grey hat hacker works on the fusion of black hat and white hat hacking methods. The Grey hat type of hacking typically deals with issues of national security. Similar to the Black hat, this type of hacking is prohibited because it is done without the permission of the appropriate authorities. Grey hackers, in contrast, don't break into any systems or networks for their own profit or that of a third party. These hackers frequently break into a network or system to amuse themselves or to alert the owner to future security issues.

  • Script Kiddies

It is fairly obvious that half knowledge is never safe. The Script Kiddies are amateur hackers who specialize in various aspects of hacking. Using programs created by other hackers, they attempt to compromise the system. They aim to breach networks, websites, or computer systems. Simply garnering recognition from their peers is the motivation behind the hacking. Script Kids are young people who don't fully understand the hacking process.

  •   Green Hat Hackers

Green hat hackers are those who are still learning the hacking ropes. Due to their purpose and involvement in types of hacking, they are a little different from the Script Kiddies. The goal is to work hard and gain the necessary skills to become expert hackers. Green hat hackers are looking for chances to pick the brains of seasoned hackers.

  •   Blue Hat Hackers

Similar to Script Kids, Blue Hat Hackers are a subset of hackers. There is no desire to study. They employ hacking as a tool to acquire favour with other entities. To make amends with their enemies, they utilise hacking. Blue Hat hackers are counted among the hazardous types of hacking not because of their expertise but because of the motivation behind their hacking.

  •   Red Hat Hackers

Eagle-Eyed Hackers are often referred to as Red Hat Hackers. Personals involved in these types of hacking resemble white hackers. The goal of the red hat hackers is to thwart the black hat hackers' assault. The method of hacking through intention is the only distinction between the red hat and white hat hackers. Red hat hackers are brutal when battling black hat hackers or using malware as a defense.

  •   State/Nation Sponsored Hackers

Government agencies use hackers to gather data on other nations. Professionals involved in these hacking types are called State- or nation-sponsored hackers. To be well-prepared for any potential threat to their country, they use their knowledge to gather sensitive information from other nations. Confidential information helps to stay on top of every issue while also helping to foresee potential risks. To their governments alone, do they report?

  •   Hacktivist

These types of hacking activities intend to hack government websites. They pose themselves as activists, so known as a hacktivist. Hacktivists can be an individual or a bunch of nameless hackers who intend to gain access to government websites and networks. The data from government files accessed are used for personal political, or social gain.

  •   Malicious insider or Whistleblower

Individuals working for an organization who have access to sensitive information are among these types of hacking. The motivation behind the disclosure may be a personal vendetta against the organizations, or the person may have learned of the unlawful acts taking place within the organization. The purpose of the exposure is determined by the reason for it. These people are referred to as whistleblowers.

These were the types of hacking attacks. In the next section, we will check through the future of ethical types of hacking. Meanwhile, you can explore the JanBask Training for trending topics related to Cybersecurity and training courses. 

Future of Ethical Hacking & Salary Insights

Both the Internet and the e-commerce sector are constantly growing. According to research, internet users are significantly increasing, and businesses rely heavily on the Internet to operate. The risk of security breaches and data leakage is rising as more and more activities are conducted online. According to a recent KPMG poll across several industries, more than 94 percent of businesses are most at risk from cybercrime. Approximately 72% of the companies have experienced the same kind of cyberattacks in the past; of them, 78% lacked security mechanisms to stop the attacks. Hackers are developing new methods and tools to steal data in the present day.

Today's hackers are developing new tools and methods to break into organizations' databases and perhaps harm their enterprises. Because new hacking strategies are frequently developing, businesses need better plans, security precautions, and tools to thwart such attacks. As a result, there is a growing need for knowledgeable, ethical hackers. According to recent estimates based on industry research, 0.47 million ethical hackers are needed in India to defend the nation's IT infrastructure and the export market. Which unmistakably shows that ethical hacking is highly beneficial and significant in the market and that it thus has a very promising future.

Salary Insights in Ethical Hacking

On average, an ethical hacker earns between $57,629 and $135,269, with an average payout of $99,034

Because figures are sometimes changed in real-time based on changing data, salary estimates for cybersecurity occupations connected to ethical hacking vary widely depending on the methodology utilized. From reputable online career and cybersecurity websites, the following are some current ethical hacker income snapshots:

Top Career Paths in Ethical Hacking

A subset of cybersecurity is ethical hacking. Numerous employment options are available in this area. Following are some of the highest-paying positions you may pursue in this field.

Ethical Hacker 

An organization's digital security implementations are put to the test by an ethical hacker, who then recommends improvements based on the weaknesses found. They are specialists in breaking into networks to discover security flaws. Black-hat hackers take advantage of these flaws to compromise a company's cybersecurity system. In order to find and address any vulnerabilities, ethical hackers constantly audit the company's network security systems.

Network Security Engineer

An organization's entire technology stack is handled and managed by a network security engineer. Engineers in network security provision, implement, configure, and manage a company's different network and security-related gear and software. They keep up virtual private networks, firewalls, and other security software. Additionally, they maintain the coding environment that safeguards servers, switches, and the IT infrastructure of the company.

Cyber Security Expert

A cybersecurity analyst is in charge of guarding an organization against online dangers. They achieve this by utilizing a range of procedures and technological tools that identify and stop these dangers. It is the responsibility of cybersecurity analysts to evaluate how successfully their organization's security systems stand up to actual threats. They collaborate with other cybersecurity experts to fortify their organization's defenses against hackers and malware.

Hopefully, now you know the top job roles available in ethical types of hacking. For better insights at career options in hacking, check the complete Cybersecurity career path here! 

How to Make a Career as Ethical Hacker

In the field of ethical types of hacking, hacking techniques are applied with the intention of benefiting others and furthering a bigger cause. Here is a brief summary of how to begin a career in ethical hacking before going into more detail.

How to Make a Career as Ethical Hacker

Step 1: Get Your Ethical Hacking Basics Clear 

The first step in entering any domain is to educate yourself on the fundamental ideas involved. In regards to ethical hacking, the same is true. By taking advantage of these systems' and networks' current vulnerabilities, ethical hacking is a strategy for protecting system and network security.

Step 2: Learn about operating systems and programming

A profession in ethical hacking necessitates a solid understanding of programming languages due to the regular interaction with various systems. Additionally, you should be familiar with operating systems including Windows, UNIX, LINUX, and IOS. Ethical hackers can spot programming flaws or faults by having a thorough understanding of programming languages.

Step 3: Knowledge of Network and Security

A job in ethical hacking requires a solid grasp of cybersecurity and computer network fundamentals. For the goal of ethical hacking, there are a variety of publications, magazines, and online courses that you may access on the internet. You will be able to master computer security topics with the aid of these materials.

Step 4: Enroll in Training Programs and Earn Certification

Many training programs and free ethical hacking courses are being offered in the industry for hopefuls due to the rise in demand for skilled, ethical hackers. To improve your abilities and gain experience practicing ethical hacking in a real-world setting, you should enroll in a training program. 

Before we move to our following sections if you are actually serious  about a career in ethical types of hacking, you must check out JanBask Training's Cyber Security Course or CISSP Training course.

Skills Required to Become an Ethical Hacker

A wide range of abilities can help ethical hackers perform their jobs more effectively. Here's a rundown of the five in-demand skills: 

  • Software Development: Using their skills in software programming, ethical hackers create code to evaluate computer security. These occupations commonly employ programming languages like C and Python. In order to perform more effectively, they may also use database systems to track computer security information.
  • Network Layout: Most ethical hackers are adept at creating networks that work for them. It is possible to construct, maintain, and troubleshoot computer networks of various sizes and types. Knowledge of networking hardware, software, security protocols, as well as an awareness of numerous network protocols, are prerequisites for this role.
  • Communication: Writing and verbal communication skills are also necessary for careers in ethical hacking. A lot of ethical hackers communicate on the phone, email, or in person. They might create code for computer security testing, work with team members, and hold meetings while using database systems to gather data.
  • Research: Ethical hackers frequently conduct research to aid their business or customer in putting security precautions in place. They might research the most recent hacking attacks and determine how to defend against them. They might use specialised equipment and software to study computer systems, which calls for knowledge of information technology.
  • Problem-solving: Ethical hackers use their problem-solving skills to address complex security issues and spot security holes in modern technology and software. These skills also help them evaluate the network or website security of an organization. When creating new software products, they might also help software engineers with problem-solving.

These were the top ethical hacking skills; now, let’s check the in-demand cybersecurity certifications you can take to succeed in your career. 

Top Ethical Hacking Certifications

What options are available for ethical hacking certification? Below are the top three certificates in demand today are listed below: 

  • Certified Ethical Hacker: Through lectures and practical laboratories, the CEH exam is meant to assess a cybersecurity professional's fundamental understanding of security threats, risks, and countermeasures. A qualified professional with at least two years of cybersecurity experience can take the exam without prior preparation.
  • Penetration testing for the Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC): The GIAC programme is one of the most thorough on the subject and shows that the certificate holder has gotten a fair mix of classroom and practical instruction.
  • Offensive Security Certified Professional: The least well-known cybersecurity credential is intended for technical experts to "demonstrate their clear, practical understanding of the penetration testing methodology and lifecycle." It necessitates a strong technical foundation in software development, networking protocols, and system internals.

These are the top in-demand Cybersecurity certifications. If you wish to know about more certification, you can check out more Cybersecurity certification  here! Now, let’s move to our next sections and know about the Ethical Hacker roles & responsibilities.

Role and Responsibilities of an Ethical Hacker

The purpose of ethical hacking is to examine a system or network's infrastructure security. An ethical hacker will attempt to circumvent system security in order to find and reveal any weaknesses that a malevolent hacker might take advantage of. Vulnerabilities are mistakes in hardware or software that are typically discovered in insecure system settings. Hackers must get permission from the owner and receive their approval before they may examine the network and look for security flaws.

An ethical hacker must carry out research, keep track of their findings, and communicate their findings to management and IT departments. Businesses and organizations utilise this information to improve their security measures in an effort to lessen or stop potential attacks. Ethical hackers will offer insight and confirmation to solve enterprise security problems. The information security industry has seen an increase in the popularity of ethical hacking. Implementing penetration tests is a crucial need for every business or organization that provides online services or is linked to the internet.

That’s it on the types of hacking, career scope, earning potential, and in-demand skillset and certifications. Think of joining the JanBask Community to connect with the industry experts and learn from their experience. 

Bottom Line

So, have you made up your mind to make a career in ethical hacking? Check out the professional Ethical Hacking Training Course at JanBask Training. It is a comprehensive training program that will guide you on what is ethical hacking, what are the best practices used in hacking and how you can better protect your company from security breaches aside from advanced security and networking skills. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is ethical hacking?

Ans: An permitted attempt to acquire unauthorized access to a computer system, application, or data constitutes ethical hacking. An ethical hack entails copying the tactics and behaviors behaviours of hostile attackers.

Q. What is an ethical hacking example?

Ans: For instance, logging into an email account to which you are not authorized, gaining access to a distant computer to which you are not authorized, and accessing data to which you are not authorized to have access are all examples of hacking.

Q. Is a career in ethical hacking worthwhile?

Ans: In light of the fact that it is one of the greatest ways to evaluate a network, ethical hacking is a worthwhile vocation. By trying various types of hacking, an ethical hacker seeks to identify weak spots there. By launching a brand-new assault that has never been attempted before, an ethical hacker can demonstrate to a firm where they might be exposed. The company can set up defences to stop this form of intrusion once they have successfully entered the system.

Q. What is ethical hacking salary?

Ans: Payscale reports that people with the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) accreditation make an average base salary of $82,966, which is over $3,000 higher than the national average for ethical hackers. For better insights, check the Cybersecurity salary guide now. 

Q. Is grey hat hacker good?

Ans: A grey hat hacker is someone who may transgress moral or ethical guidelines without having the evil intent associated with black hat hackers. A grey hat hacker may participate in actions that don't seem entirely legal, but they frequently work for the greater benefit.

Q. What is the motive of Green hat hackers?

Ans: They often hunt for security issues and vulnerabilities in networks and software without the owners' permission. Green hat hackers are mainly motivated by money and powder.

Q. How do you give grey hat hacker definition?

Ans: The grey hat hacker definition can be given as grey hat types of hacking is the combination of black hat and white hat hacking tactics. Gray hat hackers frequently scan systems for vulnerabilities without the owner's knowledge or consent. If problems are discovered, they notify the owner and may occasionally demand a modest fee to have the issue resolved.

Q. What are different types of hacking attacks?

Ans: These are some types of hacking attacks generally happen:

  1. Malware Attack 
  2.  Phishing Attack 
  3. Password Attack 
  4. Man-in-the-Middle Attack 
  5. Injection Attack


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Comments

  • E

    Emerson King

    What a nice descriptive blog post, covering everything about ethical hacking types, careers and their salary.

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      Glad you found this useful! For more such insights on your favorite topics, do check out JanBask Blogs and keep learning with us!

  • R

    Ronan Wright

    I want to know, is there any separate course exist for ethical hacking career, what all skills are required to become ethical hacker.

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      Glad you found this useful! For more such insights on your favorite topics, do check out JanBask Blogs and keep learning with us!

  • K

    Karson Lopez

    Well, this blog has covered so much about ethical hacking after reading this blog none of my doubt left about ethical hacking.

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      Well, this blog has covered so much about ethical hacking after reading this blog none of my doubt left about ethical hacking.

  • A

    Arlo Hill

    Do you have a similar post covering ethical hacking tools that we can use for free and what is the career growth rate in ethical hacking.

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      Do you have a similar post covering ethical hacking tools that we can use for free and what is the career growth rate in ethical hacking.

  • T

    Tobias Scott

    Ethical hacking professionals' demand is growing day by day as every organization wants to protect their network or system from cyber attacks so one thing is very clear that ethical hackers have secure careers.

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      Glad you found this useful! For more such insights on your favorite topics, do check out JanBask Blogs and keep learning with us!

  • B

    Brady Green

    What salaries can they make? I wish I could switch to an Ethical hacker career and finally I want to thank the researcher for this post for providing such detailed information.

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      What salaries can they make? I wish I could switch to an Ethical hacker career and finally I want to thank the researcher for this post for providing such detailed information.

  • C

    Clayton Adams

    I just want to know how to become an ethical hacking withoutwihtout any degree. Is it necessary to have coding language and if required what are all that?

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      I just want to know how to become an ethical hacking withoutwihtout any degree. Is it necessary to have coding language and if required what are all that?

  • F

    Francisco Baker

    I love janbask blogs, they are always very informative plus full of interesting facts. Do you have any similar posts discussing Ethical hacker salaries and career paths?

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      I love janbask blogs, they are always very informative plus full of interesting facts. Do you have any similar posts discussing Ethical hacker salaries and career paths?

  • Z

    Zander Gonzalez

    Ethical hacker was a strange term for me, but today when I explored the Ethical hacker career, different profiles, and their salaries, I was just amazed, and many thanks for this well curated salary blog.

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      Glad you found this useful! For more such insights on your favorite topics, do check out JanBask Blogs and keep learning with us!

  • E

    Erick Nelson

    How can I enter the Ethical hacker career, what are relevant courses and as I tried to find its certification, there were so many search results, how can I choose the best one?

     Reply
    • logo16

      JanbaskTraining

      Hi, Thank you for reaching out to us with your query. Drop us your email id here and we will get back to you shortly!

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