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Ultimate Guide to Cyber Attack: Types & Tips to Prevent Them


Businesses that don't have enough safeguards in place risk sailing in waters where cybercriminals thrive in today's rapidly changing cyber security scenario. Every company must develop preventative best practices to deal with constantly changing threats and significant data breaches.

The cyber security landscape is continuously evolving, and companies that daily to implement enough security are sailing in water where cybercriminals are thriving. With the ever-evolving threats and significant data breaches, every company should follow the best preventive practices to ensure consistent growth. Join the Cyber Security Training Program to get in-depth knowledge about cybersecurity.

As reported by the Juniper Research prediction, between 2017 and 2022, cyberattacks will cost international corporations $8 trillion overall. In the same time frame, it is predicted that the cost of cyberattacks will climb by 30% while spending on cybersecurity will only rise by 8%.

There have been many different security issues since the digital concept was introduced.  Their severity can range from a slight annoyance to devastating, and you can be sure malicious attacks will remain as long as the digital world does. However, despite how scary it may sound, several prevalent security dangers  are several overall security dangers that can be recognized and avoided. In this article, we will discuss  the top cybersecurity attacks people currently face and the right solutions to prevent them. Before we move to the different types of cyber security threats, let’s first go through the basics of cyber attacks. 

Stay tuned! 

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A Quick Overview on Cyber Attack

An attempt to acquire unauthorized access to an IT system by an attacker for the goal of theft, extortion, disruption, or other evil motives is known as a cyberattack.

In other words, when a third party gains unauthorized access to a system or network, the situation is a cybersecurity attack. A hacker or attacker is someone who conducts a cyberattack.

Cyberattacks have several negative results. When an attack is conducted, it may result in data breaches, which may cause data loss or manipulation. Companies suffer financial losses, a reduction in customer trust, and reputational harm. We employ cybersecurity to prevent cyberattacks. Network, computer, and their component protection from unwanted digital access is known as cybersecurity.

Cybersecurity has suffered as a result of the COVID-19 incident. The frequency of cyberattacks has significantly increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to Interpol and WHO.

Hopefully, you are clear on what a cyber attack is; let's check through different types of cyber security threats.

13 Types of Cyber Attacks, You Should be Aware of in 2023

There are various types of cyber attacks; we have listed here top 13 that you should be aware of – 

1. Phishing Attack

One of the most significant cybersecurity attacks, a Phishing attack is a type of social engineering attack wherein the attacker presents himself as a trusted contact and sends the victim fake emails.

The unaware  victim opens the mail and clicks on the malicious link. Once the user clicks on the send link, the attackers gain access to confidential information and account credentials. 

Following are the quick ways to prevent these phishing attacks – 

  • Always scrutinize your received mail ‘
  • Take advantage of an anti-phishing toolbar
  • Keep your password updated. 

2. Malware

Malware is an application that can carry out several dangerous functions in cybersecurity. Malware strains are made to spy on users to gather credentials or other major information to create persistent access to a network. Some malware is created to disrupt normal operations. Malware can sometimes be created specifically to extort the victim. Ransomware is a well-known type of malware that was created to encrypt the victim's files and demand payment in exchange for the decryption key. Preventing malware is a challenging task that necessitates a multifaceted strategy. 

Following are the key strategies to prevent malware –

  • Ensure that you have installed the most up-to-date anti-malware and spam protection software. Ensure that everyone on your team is trained to discover phishing emails and websites. 
  • Have a robust password policy and implement multifactor authentication.
  • Update and patch all of your software. Use the Administrator accounts under dire circumstances only
  • Control system and data access carefully.

3. SQL Injection Attack

When a user modifies a typical SQL query on a database-driven website with wrong intentions, it results in a Structured Query Language (SQL) injection attack. It is spread by inserting malicious code into a vulnerable website search box and forcing the server to divulge essential data.

After this cyber security network attack, the hacker gets access to read, edit, and remove databases' tables and administrative rights.

Following are the ways to prevent SQL injection attacks – 

  • Do proper validation of the user-supplied data. 
  • Use an  Intrusion detection system as they design it to identify unauthorized access to a network 

4. A Denial-of-Service Attack

A Denial-of-Service Attack poses a severe risk to businesses. Attackers target systems, servers, or networks, in this case, and bombard them with traffic to deplete their bandwidth and resources.

When this occurs, the servers get overburdened with serving incoming requests, which causes the website it hosts to either go down or slow down. The valid service requests go unattended as a result. When attackers employ numerous hacked systems to initiate this attack, it is sometimes referred to as a DDoS (Distributed Denial-of-Service) attack.

Following are the ways to prevent DDoS attacks – 

  • Do a traffic analysis to find malicious traffic 
  • Get a proper understanding of the warning signs like network slowdown, intermittent site shutdowns, etc. 
  • Create a response plan, get a checklist and ensure your team can handle a DDoS attack 

6. Insider Threat

An insider threat, as the name implies, involves an insider instead of a third party. The attacker  can be someone who works for the company and is well-versed in its operations. The potential damage from insider threats is enormous.  Small organizations are particularly vulnerable to insider threats because their employees hold access to sensitive data. There can be numerous reasons for this attack, including avarice, malice, and even negligence. Insider threats are tricky because they are difficult to predict.

These are some of the most effective ways to prevent this cyber attack – 

  • Create a strong culture of security awareness within your organizations
  • Depending on their employment functions, companies must restrict the IT resources employees can access.
  • Organizations should educate the team on how to recognize insider threats. It will help them to recognize when a hacker attempts to misuse data from the firm.

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5. Cryptojacking

Cryptojacking is one of the cyber attacks under which cybercriminals steal a user's computer or other device and use it to mine cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. Although cryptojacking is not as popular as other cybersecurity attacks, it shouldn't be discounted. When it comes to this kind of assault, organizations don't have great visibility, thus, a hacker can use priceless network resources to mine a cryptocurrency without the organization being aware of it. 

Following are a few techniques to prevent cryptojacking – 

  • Monitor the CPU consumption of all network devices, including any cloud-based infrastructure you use
  • Inform your team to stay alert for any performance difficulties or suspicious communications that might be infected with Cryptojacking viruses

7. Password Attack

Password Attack, as the name suggests, is one type of network attack in which the attacker tries to “crack” a user's password. It is possible to find a user's password by using different methods, albeit it is outside the scope of this article to explain each process in detail. Besides, hackers try to attempt by using phishing techniques to access a user's password.

Following are a few ways to prevent these cyber attacks –

  •  Make your passwords strong by using alphanumeric and special characters
  • Do not use the same password across several accounts or websites. 
  • Keep updating your passwords to reduce the risk of a password attack.
  • Keep any password suggestions hidden from view.

8. Man-in-the-middle Attacks

One of the unique types of cyber attacks, the man-in-the-middle (MITM) assault, occurs when hackers interject themselves into a two-party transaction. According to Cisco, they can filter and take data after disrupting the traffic. These attacks are more frequent while using public Wi-Fi networks because they are so simple to exploit. Attackers place themselves in the way of the visitor and the network, then use malware to set up malicious software and access data. For example, hackers interject themselves into your dialogue and pose as the other party you believe you are speaking to. 

Some of the effective ways to tackle these kinds of cybersecurity attacks are mentioned below– 

  • Your first line of security should be a secure internet connection
  • Focus on using a VPN (virtual private network) when connecting online
  • There should be endpoint security, and multi-factor authentication 

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9. DNS Tunnelling

Hackers use DNS tunneling, one of the types of network attacks, to get around more established security measures like firewalls and access systems and networks. Hackers code malicious programs with DNS requests and responses. Once inside, the malware latches onto the target server and grants the attackers remote access. These kinds of cybersecurity attacks are harmful mainly because they sometimes go unreported for days, weeks, or months. Cybercriminals can install malware, modify code, add new access points, and steal critical data during that period. 

These are the ways to prevent DNS Tunneling attacks – 

  • Deploy an effective DNS filtering system
  • Train your team to recognize atypical DNS traffic patterns.
  • Invest in a proper DNS-specific firewall

10. Cross-site Scripting Attacks

Under cross-site scripting (XSS) cyber-attacks, hackers access a website or application without any authority. They try to take advantage of weak websites and force malicious JavaScript installations on visitors. After the building, the hacker can access your account and do whatever action when the code is executed in your browser. Web pages, forums, and message boards are examples of vulnerable sites to XSS. These web pages depend on user input that has not been checked for harmful code. However, even more, prominent locations are vulnerable. You can explore more about Cyber Security through insightful articles and training courses at JanBask Training!

Here are some effective techniques of preventing this cybersecurity network attack – 

  • Make sure your applications validate all the input data
  • Only listed data should be allowed in the system
  • Also, make sure that all variable output in a page is encoded before it is returned to the user

11. Botnet Attack

This kind of attack generally targets  large-scale corporations and associations because of its extensive information access. Under it, the attackers can take over many devices and bargain them into serving their cunning purposes. Owners of botnets can command a few thousand PCs to perform malicious actions by approaching them all at once. Cybercriminals initially gain access to these devices by using specialized Trojan infections to compromise the security frameworks of the PCs. They order and control software to enable them to perform malicious actions with a broad audience. These drills can be mechanized to enable as many synchronized attacks as possible.

Here are some ways to prevent this cyber attack – 

  • Control access to machines and systems
  • Run regular antivirus scans
  • Deploy multi-factor authentication

12. Spear-phishing Attacks

A specific kind of targeted phishing attack is spear phishing. The attacker spends time learning about their chosen victims before crafting communications that are likely to be of personal interest to them. Due to the manner, in which the attacker focuses on a single target, these attacks are fittingly referred to as "spear" phishing. Because the message will appear authentic, it may be challenging to recognize a spear-phishing attempt.

A spear-phishing assault frequently uses email spoofing, in which the "From" line of the email is altered to make it appear as though a different sender is sending it. This might be a friend, business partner, or someone the target trusts from their social network.

Effective ways to prevent phishing attacks --

  • Carefully check out the details in all fields of an email 
  • Make sure not to click on any link whose destination cannot be verified as legitimate.

13. URL Interpretation

By manipulating and fabricating specific URL addresses, attackers can exploit URL interpretation to access the target's personal and professional data. The term "URL poisoning" is another name for this type of attack. The term "URL interpretation" refers to the attacker knowing the correct order in which to enter the URL components for a web page. The attacker then "interprets" this syntax, utilizing it to determine how to get access to restricted locations.

A hacker may guess URLs they can use to get administrator access to a website or access the site's back end to enter a user's account to carry out a URL interpretation attack. 

These are a few ways to prevent this cyber attack- 

  • Use secure authentication methods for any sensitive areas of your site
  • Ensure multi-factor authentication (MFA) or secure passwords 

How do Cyber Attacks Happen?

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When a person, group, or organized group tries to infiltrate the security system of another person or organization maliciously, that attempt is known as a cyber attack. The most common example of a cyber attack is a data breach. It happens when hackers get past a company's or organization's security and take sensitive data. They sell it on the Dark Web, use it for various types of fraud, or use it as information for extortion.

In the year 2021, data breaches increased by a startling 68%. Data leak is just one of the effects of cyberattacks, though. Cyber attacks also focus on stealing identity by obtaining personal information, or malicious groups can employ them to damage an organization's networks.

On average, data breaches typically cost businesses over $4 million. If a hacker gains access to an individual's internet accounts and sensitive data, such as Social Security numbers and birthdays, they could potentially lose everything. While you are clear with the basics, think of joining the JanBask Training Cyber Security Community for the right career guidance and expert advice. 

How to Mitigate Against Cyber Attacks

The number of cyber attacks is increasing rapidly in different varieties and complexities. There are numerous preventive measures to follow for each kind of cyber attack. Besides, security practices and basic IT hygiene are other effective techniques to mitigate these attacks.

Apart from implementing effective cybersecurity practices, your organization should practice securing coding practices and keep systems and security software taking advantage of firewalls and threat management tools.

Install antivirus software in your systems, control the access and user privileges, backup systems often, and proactively keep an eye on the breached systems with a proper detection and response service.


As a business owner or an individual, you may experience some of the cyber-attacks mentioned above. It is alarming how easily sensitive data, accounts, passwords, and other items can be lost, erased, or exposed by cyber-attacks. Tech firms are not safe from the threat. A security breach at Facebook resulted in the exposure of hundreds of millions of Facebook user records on an Amazon cloud server.

Cyber threats can cause considerable loss. That's why, you need to stand up and defend yourself and the business from the damage they cause. Join the cyber security course offered by JanBask Training if you want to pursue a profession in advanced cyber security.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How can you defend against a cyber attack?

Ans:- Here are a few ways to protect your business from the cuber security attacks – 

  • Adopt strict security measures.
  • Enable multi-factor authentication and use strong passwords.
  • Keep your OS and software updated. 
  • Post minimum personal information on social media. 
  • Never download or open links that you see in shady emails, apps, or text messages.

Q2. How do cyber security network attack takes place?

Ans:- There are two main ways that cyber attack occurs –

 1) Hackers locate security flaws or vulnerabilities in the system and try to use them

2) cybercriminals cheat users and make them reveal their private information so they can access the network and plan cyber attack.

Q3. What to do in the event of a cyber attack?

Ans:- First of all, contact the Security IT department as soon as the cyberattack has been verified so they can keep an eye on the breach and determine what data has been exposed. Keep an eye on your accounts, update your login information, and alert the appropriate authorities.

Q4. What are the major four types of cyber threats? 

Ans:- There are various types of cyber threats. Some of the major cyber security attacks incudes malware attack, password attack, phishing attack, and SQL injection attack.

Q5. What is spoofing in cyber security?

Ans:- Spoofing in cyber security is a technique used by cybercriminals to pose as a reputable or well-known source. Spoofing can take many different forms, including faked emails, calls, DNS spoofing, GPS spoofing, websites, and emails.

Q6. What is phishing in cybersecurity?

 Ans:- Phishing is the act of an attacker trying to get a user to do "the wrong thing," such as opening a malicious link or visiting a dubious website.

Q7. What is malware attack in cyber security? 

Ans:-Malware attacks are frequent cyberattacks in which the victim's system is compromised by malware, which is typically malicious software. Ransomware, malware, command and control, and other specialized sorts of attacks are all included in malicious software, sometimes known as viruses.

Q8. What is DoS cyber security?

Ans:-The term "denial of service" or "DoS" refers to a class of cyber security network attack whose main objective is to make a service unavailable. Since these are usually covered by the media, the DoS attacks that are most well-known are those that target well-known websites.

Q9. What are the latest cyber security attacks?

Ans:- Following are some of the latest cyber security attacks –

  • TikTok Denies Cyber Attack.
  • NATO Data Leak.
  • Killnet DDoS Target Airports.
  • Advocate Aurora Health Data Leak.
  • Microsoft 2.4 TB Data Leak.
  • Optus Exposes 2.1M Customers.
  • $570M Binance Coin Hack.
  • Uber's Systems Compromised.


    Puja Bhardwaj

    This is Puja Bhardwaj, a creative writer, and content strategist. I’m passionate about storytelling through written and visual content, and market that content for cultivating a committed audience. I come to the table with 5 years of content writing and marketing experience (in the agency, in-house, and freelance writing).


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    Phoenix Robinson

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      Hi, Glad to know that you found this post helpful! For more insights on your favorite topics, do check out JanBask Blogs and keep learning with us!

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    Lane Clark

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      Glad you found this useful! For more insights on your favorite topics, do check out JanBask Blogs and keep learning with us!

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    Josue Rodriguez

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    Rafael Lewis

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      Glad you found this useful! For more insights on your favorite topics, do check out JanBask Blogs and keep learning with us!

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    Kyle Lee

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    Riley Walker

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    Jorge Hall

    Hi, it's a lovely blog about the Cybersecurity Attacks. Now I am 200% times more motivated to pursue this skill as a career. But do you provide Cybersecurity Training?

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    Beckham Allen

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      Hey, thank you so much. We are grateful that our blog has been a help to you! For further insight do connect with us at https://www.janbasktraining.com/contact-us

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    Cayden Young

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