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Kafka Interview Questions and Answers

Kafka is an open-source message broker project that is written in Scala programming language and it is an initiative by Apache Software Foundation. The product got the popularity over time and today it has become one of the leading data processing tools of choice. The reason for the popularity of Kafka is a unique set of features that make it the most suitable choice for the data integration. The extensive throughputs and low-latency features make Kafka capable to handle data feeds in the real-time. Some of the most highlighting features of data integration tool include – data partitioning, scalability, low-latency, high throughputs etc make it an excellent fit for data integration related use-cases. The popularity of Kafka is the reason why the product has a plethora of job options and career prospects around the tool. Adding Kafka skills to your resume is the perfect how can excel in your profile. If you are looking to attend Kafka interview recently, here are most popular interview questions and answers to help you in the right way. If you have something more interesting ideas then don’t forget to add more questions in the comment section as per your experience.

Kafka Interview Questions

  1. How will you define Kafka?
  2. What are the main features of Kafka that make it suitable for data integration and data processing in real-time?
  3. What are the major components of Kafka integration product?
  4. Explain the offset in Kafka data integration tool?
  5. What is Zookeeper and Is it possible to run Kafka without Zookeeper?
  6. What is the meaning of Leader and Follower in Kafka?
  7. What is a consumer group in Kafka?
  8. How to balance loads in Kafka when one server fails?
  9. Do you know any traditional technique of message transfer?
  10. How is Kafka preferred over traditional message transfer techniques?
  11. Explain the meaning of broker in Kafka?
  12. Explain the maximum size of a message that can be received by the Kafka?
  13. Do you know how to improve the throughput of the remote consumer?
  14. Do replication is necessary or just a waste of time in Kafka?
  15. Is it possible to get the offset value of the message once it is produced already?
  16. What is the main difference between Kafka and Fume?
  17. Explain the role of a producer API in Kafka?
  18. In the producer, when there comes the situation of queue fullness?
  19. How to initiate the Kafka server? Do you know the process?
  20. How will you explain the Kafka architecture?

Kafka Interview questions and answers

For the person looking to attend Kafka interview recently, here are most popular interview questions and answers to help you in the right way. Here, we have included the top frequently asked questions with answers to help freshers and the experienced.

Kafka Interview questions and answers for Freshers

1. How will you define Kafka?

Kafka is an open-source message broker project that is written in Scala programming language and it is an initiative by Apache Software Foundation. A unique set of features make it most suitable choice for the data integration and one of the leading data processing tools of choice.

2. What are the main features of Kafka that make it suitable for data integration and data processing in real-time?

Some of the most highlighting features of Kafka that make it popular worldwide includes – data partitioning, scalability, low-latency, high throughputs etc. These features are the reason why Kafka had become the most suitable choice for data integration and data processing in the real-time.

3. What are the major components of Kafka integration product?

Kafka Interview Questions and Answers

  • Topic–The messages stream that belongs to the same pattern.
  • Producer–It helps in publishing messages to the topic.
  • Broker –This is a set of various servers where all published data is stored.
  • Consumer–It subscribes to the different topics and fetch data from the brokers.

4. Explain the offset in Kafka data integration tool?

Messages are stored in partitions and assigneda unique ID to each of them for quick and easy access. That unique number is named as the offset that is responsible to identify each of the messages in the partition.

Read: Hbase Architecture & Main Server Components

5. What is Zookeeper and Is it possible to run Kafka without Zookeeper?

Zookeeper is used to stored offset values of messages. There is no alternative of Zookeeper in Kafka. In case, Zookeeper is down then this is not possible to serve any of the client requests.

6. What is the meaning of Leader and Follower in Kafka?

Every partition in Kafka has one main server that is named as “Leader” and one or more non-connected servers that are named as the “Followers”.

7. What is a consumer group in Kafka?

A Consumer group is made up of one or more consumers that together subscribe to the different topics and fetch data from the brokers.

8. How to balance loads in Kafka when one server fails?

Every partition in Kafka has one main server that plays the role of a leader and one or more non-connected servers that are named as the followers. Here, the leading server sets the permission and rest of the servers just follow him accordingly. In case, leading server fails then followers take the responsibility of the main server.

9. Do you know any traditional technique of message transfer?

Yes, these techniques are queuing, and publish-subscribe. However, Kafka generalizes both of the techniques through consumer group.

10. How is Kafka preferred over traditional message transfer techniques?

Kafka product is more scalable, faster, robust and distributed by design.

Read: Hadoop HDFS Commands Cheat Sheet

Kafka Interview questions and answers for Experienced

11. Explain the meaning of broker in Kafka?

Broker and server have the meaning in Kafka.

12. Explain the maximum size of a message that can be received by the Kafka?

It is approx. 1000000 bytes.

13. Do you know how to improve the throughput of the remote consumer?

Well, it is interesting and advance concept in Kafka. If the consumer is located in the distant location then you need to optimize the socket buffer size to tune the overall throughput of a remote consumer.

14. Do replication is necessary or just a waste of time in Kafka?

Replicating messages is a good practice in Kafka that assure that messages will never lose even if the main server fails.

15. Is it possible to get the offset value of the message once it is produced already?

No, we cannot do that.

16. What is the main difference between Kafka and Fume?

Both products are used to process data in the real-time but Kafka is proven more scalable and ensures durability.

Read: Apache Pig Interview Questions & Answers

17. Explain the role of producer API in Kafka?

A producer API exposes the functionalities of all producers through a single API to the client.

18. In the producer, when there comes the situation of queue fullness?

If there are not enough number of servers added for load balancing, there comes a situation of queue fullness.

19. How to initiate the Kafka server? Do you know the process?

Yes, I know. To initiate the Kafka server, you need to initiate the Zookeeper server first then you could fire up the Kafka server.

20. How will you explain the Kafka architecture?

Kafka product is based on a distributed design where one cluster has multiple brokers/servers associated with it. The ‘Topic’ will be divided into plenty of partitions to store the messages and there is one consumer group to fetch the messages from brokers.

Other Resource Links for Kafka

Read: Top Apache Solr Interview Questions & Answers for Frehser and Experienced



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