How can I click a button that can trigger an action on the page considering automation of a particular web page?

146    Asked by Aalapprabhakaran in QA Testing , Asked on Jan 31, 2024

 I am currently engaged in a particular task that is related to automating a web-based application by using the technology of selenium in Python programming language. In this particular task, I need to click a button that can trigger a particular action on the page. Describe for me how can I locate and click the button by using the Selenium web driver.

 In the context of selenium, if you want to click a button by using the selenium technology in Python programming language, then you would need to locate the button element on a particular web page and then you can perform the click action. Here is the best method given of how you can do it:-

From selenium import webdriver
From selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
From selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
From selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
# Initialize WebDriver (assuming you’ve already set up the driver)
Driver = webdriver.Chrome()
# Navigate to the web page
Driver.get(https://example.com)
# Wait for the button to be clickable (if necessary)
# Replace ‘your_locator’ and ‘your_locator_value’ with the appropriate locator strategy and value
# For example, if your button has an id, you can use By.ID
Wait = WebDriverWait(driver, 10)
Button = wait.until(EC.element_to_be_clickable((By.YOUR_LOCATOR, “your_locator_value”)))
# Click the button
Button.click()
# Close the browser
Driver.quit()

Here is the explanation given of the above coding:-

 The webdriver.chrome() is used to initialize a chrome web driver Instance. You also can replace it with the right web driver for your particular browser.

Driver.get(https://example.com) would be used in navigating to the desired web page.

Web driver wait(driver,10) would help in creating a web driver Instance which would wait up to 10 seconds for a condition to be met.

EC.element_to_be_clickable is an expected condition that would wait for an element to be clickable.

Button.click() would help in performing the click action on the button element.

Driver.quit() would help in closing the browser session.

This above coding would help in handling the scenario where the button may not be immediately clickable by using the technique of web driver to wait for the button to become clickable. Moreover, you can adapt it to different types of locator strategies such as ID, class name, and Xpath which would be based on how the button is defined in the HTML markup.



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