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How to Increase the Speed of SQL Query Execution

Increase the Speed of SQL Queries

SQL (Structured Query Language) is a homogeneous programming language that  is widely used for organizing relational databases, and for the accomplishment of several operations on the data stored in them. To trace the beginning, it was first created and used in the 1970s, SQL is frequently used by mainly the database managers, as well as by developers who are working in the profile of writing data integration scripts. Data analysts who are looking to set up and run analytical queries also use SQL.

SQL statements can be easily used to retrieve relevant data from any database that exists. To get similar outcomes you are required to write dissimilar SQL queries. For optimum performance, you need to use the queries that are not only best and faster but also efficient. Therefore, you need a SQL query tuning, which is based on the business in addition to the user requirements.

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17 Proven Tips to look out in 2020 to increase the speed of SQL queries

Use Column Names Instead of * in a SELECT Statement

By choosing only the columns that you require, you are dropping the size of the result table substantially thereby decreasing the network traffic and increasing the general performance of your query.

In the below screenshot, you can see how ‘International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research’ has very well explained the concept- Increase the Speed of SQL Query Execution

Try not to use HAVING clause in SELECT statements

The HAVING clause is generally used like a filter and that makes is quite impractical in a SELECT statement. It goes through the final result table of the query analyzing the rows that don’t even meet the HAVING condition. See the concept explained in the below screenshot Increase the Speed of SQL Query Execution

Avoid using UPDATE instead of CASE

This problem is very common because using UPDATE has a natural flow that seems rational but it is better to use CASE. An UPDATE statement has to write twofold for every single write to the table and thus slowing your results.

Read: What Is SQL Queries? List Of All SQL Queries With Examples

Avoid blind re-use of Code

Many developers tend to copy someone else’s as it pulls the data that they need. The issue is that it pulls much more data than you actually need. Trim the code to your exact needs.

Use an IN predicate when querying an indexed column

The IN-list predicate can be used substantially for indexed recovery and also, the optimizer can sort the IN-list to match the sort sequence of the index, leading to more efficient retrieval.

See the concept explained in the below screenshot by ‘International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research’ Increase the Speed of SQL Query Execution

Try to pull specific columns that you need

It is quite easy to code all your queries with SELECT* command instead of listing the columns separately every time.

Do pre-stage data

If you already have a report or a procedure that can do analogous joins to large tables, it can be an advantage for you to pre-stage the data by linking the tables ahead of time and persisting them into a table.

Do delete and update process in smaller batches

It helps you increase concurrency because your database can go online quickly.

Read: MSBI Tutorial Guide for Beginners in 2020

Try to use temp tables to improve cursor performance

Cursor operations suffer from speed and block problem. To avoid that try to run them against a temp table.

Avoid nest views

This is because you will end up in a loop where you have views that call views that call views that call views. You will have more data retrieved than is needed.

Try to use table-valued functions

Whenever you put a scalar function in the SELECT list of the query, the function is called for every  single row in the result set.

Read: What Is Candidate Key SQL? [Primary Key vs Candidate Key]

Use EXISTS command instead of DISTINCT when using table joins for tables with one-to-many relationships

The DISTINCT keyword effectively works by picking all the columns in the table then analyzes any duplicates. In its place, if you use subquery with the EXISTS keyword, you can circumvent having to return an entire table as a result.

Do use stored procedures for ORMs

Stored procedures have quite a lot of benefits. The best ones are that you’re pushing much fewer data across the network; the procedure call is shorter etc.

Avoid using OR in join conditions

Every time when you place an ‘OR’ in the join condition, the query will slow down by at least a factor of two.

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Avoid writing functions on the right side of the operator you put

Functions or methods are utilized very frequently with their SQL queries. Rewriting the query by eliminating collective functions will escalate the performance extremely.

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Read: SQL Database Normalization: 1NF, 2NF, 3NF, 4NF

Remove any redundant mathematics

There will be instances where you will be performing mathematical queries within an SQL statement. They can really drag on the performance if written wrongly. So removing any preventable math in the statement will make it perform more rapidly.

Do to use UNION ALL instead of UNION

The UNION ALL statement is more rapid than UNION, UNION ALL statement never considers copies, and UNION statement looks for duplicates in a table irrespective of their existence.

Final Words

We hope that these tips will help you write better queries. For more insight, read our other blogs on SQL.. We wish you luck for a shining career with the JanBask Training team and our expert certified mentors!

Read: SSIS Tutorial for Beginners

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