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Top 76 Scrum Master Interview Questions


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The ScrumMaster term was introduced in 1993 by Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland. Scrum helps in building the framework for better development visibility. and allows the company to maximize its value. It processes complicated problems, prioritizes tasks, and comes up with the best-suited solution for specific tasks. the best ways to solve each task. This blog caters to various topics related to Scrum Master and its working process in detail. With our guide on Scrum Master interview questions, we’ll thoroughly get you prepared for your upcoming scrum master interview. 

What Does A Scrum Master Do?

Scrum is the framework used to implement agile development successfully. So, you must be able to differentiate between analogy recipe and diet now. Here, Agile is the diet, and Scrum is the recipe. A diet is a set of methods based on principles or values. A recipe is a framework that can be used to implement the vegetarian diet ahead.

ScrumMaster utilizes the Scrum project management structure to control the team's data flow. A scrum master refers to the expert who monitors a team through Agile project management. He leads the scrum team, manages the project, and supervises the team, guaranteeing that they follow agile values. He facilitates interaction and cooperation between the business and other individuals and is not a part of product ideation. 

Today, many Companies are involved in software development and embracing agile methodologies. Of all agile methods, Scrum is one of the famous names used frequently by Companies. In the next section, we will discuss the features of Scrum and who can enjoy the maximum benefits from the Framework.

What Are The Features Of Scrum?

You must think that Scrum is suitable for Software engineers or developers only. But it can be utilized for almost any type of project, whether complex or more straightforward. If you are in a marketing team and need to write a copy of a complex project, Scrum is the best option for your team.

Scrum always helps you complete the most complicated work almost half the time. Everyone can use it, like marketing agencies, the FBI, construction crews, any type of product, a software application, or a small email campaign. The different roles associated with Scrum are the product owner, Scrum Master, Scrum developer, Agile expert, etc.

So, there is no need for specific training to get started. Still, you should follow the standard rules or guidelines to make the Scrum work.

Scrum interview rounds can be challenging if you’re not thoroughly prepared. But don’t worry; we’ve curated a list of all the frequently asked scrum master interview questions so that you can be well-prepared and ace your interview round. 

Frequently Asked Scrum Master Interview Questions:

Q1. What is Scrum?

Ans:- Scrum is a  commonplace Agile structure utilizing the appropriate principles that Agile has given. It has been accepted globally and implemented by various companies. Scrum refers to the project conducted by the framework and provides value to the customers daily. The team members can use it to offer and maintain the product. It also allows the team to self-create, deal with the issues, and learn through practice.

The lessons through scrum can be applied to any teamwork, and the popularity rises from the policies. Scrum denotes a variety of tools and meetings that helps team members to self-organize and also monitor the team’s performance.  

Q2. What is Agile?

Ans:- Most of the time, the terms agile and scrum are used interchangeably, but there is an essential difference between the two.

Agile is defined as the complete set of methods based on principles or values expressed in the Agile Manifesto as the cross-functionality of teams, collaboration, self-organization, etc.

Q3. What is Velocity?

Ans:- The amount of work that a team completes during a sprint is measured by a statistic called velocity. It speaks of how many user stories were finished during a sprint—questions about velocity you should not miss when preparing with Scrum Master interview questions. 

Q4. What is a chart showing burnup and burndown?

Ans:- A burnup chart is a tool used to keep track of the work that has been performed and to show how much work is still left to be done for a sprint or project.

A burndown graphic shows how quickly user stories are completed. It compares the overall effort to the required work required for each iteration. It is one of the most asked scrum master interview questions these days. 

Q5. Describe the Sprint.

Ans:- Scrum uses the term "sprint" to refer to a time-boxed iteration.

A particular module or feature of the product is developed during a sprint.

A sprint might last anywhere from one week to two weeks.

You should not miss these Scrum master interview questions while preparing for your job interview. 

Q6. “Scrum of Scrums" – what is it?

Ans:- It is a word for scaled agile technologies, which are necessary to manage and work with numerous scrum teams. It works best when teams are working together on challenges.

Additionally, it guarantees that the conditions for transparency, cooperation, adaptation, and adoption are formed, as well as the deployment and delivery of the products. It is one of the most frequently asked scrum master interview questions.

Q7. What is User-Story Mapping, exactly?

Ans: User stories that aid in understanding system functionalities, system backlog, planning releases, and giving value to customers are represented and organized using user story mapping.

On the horizontal axis, user stories are arranged according to their priority. They are depicted on the vertical axis according to the escalating degrees of sophistication. Among the most straightforward scrum master interview questions and answers, you must know the user story when looking to make your career in a scrum. This is among the most frequently asked scrum master interview questions.

Q8. Describe Scrum-ban.

Ans:- combination of Scrum and Kanban is known as Scrum-ban. A scrum ban can satisfy the team's needs, reduce work batching, and implement a pull-based system.

It cleverly combines the Scrum framework with Kanban's adaptability and visualization capabilities. This is among the most frequently asked scrum master interview questions.

Q9. Describe the Scrum team's roles.

Ans:- Product Owner: The product owner enhances ROI by deciding which product features should be prioritized in a list, the emphasis of the next sprint, and much more. These are updated and prioritized frequently.

The scrum master assists the team in understanding how to utilize scrum to maximize business value. 

The scrum master helps the team embrace agile principles by removing obstacles and protecting them from outside distractions.

Scrum Team: They collaborate to guarantee meeting the stakeholders' needs.

This is among the most frequently asked scrum master interview questions.

Q10. What does the abbreviation INVEST mean?

Ans:- Invest, Negotiate, Valuable, Estimable, Small, and Testable are the letters in the acronym INVEST. It is a manual for creating compelling user stories. Include it in your Scrum master interview questions and answers list. Include it in your scrum master interview questions and answers list. 

Q11. What makes MVP and MMP different from one another?

Ans:- The term "Minimum Viable Product" (MVP) refers to a product prototype with the most fundamental functionalities launched onto the market so that early adopters can use it and offer valuable feedback.

You can spend time developing products with all functions. The software that is functional and prepared for monetization is the Minimum Marketable Product. It includes all the fundamental requirements. Customers can receive what they desire.

 It is another question you should be prepared for while going through the different scrum master interview questions and answers.

Q12. What does Scrum's timeboxing mean?

Ans: Giving a specific period to a task is known as timeboxing. A unit of time is a timebox. For Daily Scrum, a timebox should be at most 5 minutes; for Sprint Planning, at most 8 hours. To become a professional scrum master, you must complete timeboxing training. Hopefully, you have understood well about the timeboxing of Scrum; it is a crucial point to remember. So include it in your scrum master interview questions and answers list. 

Q13. What benefits come from using Scrum?

Ans: The benefit of using Scrum is that it allows for continuous testing.

  • It reduces the risk as a result of system modifications.
  • It enhances the procedure continuously and raises ROI (Return on Investment).
  • It quickly and repeatedly examines software that is really in use.
  • Anyone can view actual working software and make improvements for a subsequent version.

While going through different types of Scrum master interview questions and answers, do not forget to read about the benefits of using Scrum. 

Q14. How long is a cycle of a scrum?

Ans: The team's use of the Scrum cycle relies on the project being undertaken. It often lasts between two and four weeks and almost a month—one of the significant scrum master interview questions you need to work on. 

Q15. What is a user story in Scrum?

Ans: A user narrative in Scrum is a concise, one-sentence explanation of a feature or functionality. It is another question you should be prepared for while going through the different scrum master interview questions and answers. 

Q16. Mention the artifacts of the scrum cycle.

Ans: The artifacts of the scrum process are:

  • Product Backlog - This list includes the latest features, alterations, bug fixes, and infrastructure modifications to guarantee an inevitable result.
  • Sprint Backlog - This is a subset of the product backlog, including work concentrated on by the team to reach the sprint goal. The teams detect the pending tasks from the product backlog, and are then added to the sprint backlog.
  • Product increment refers to all the product backlog items completed in a sprint and the worth of earlier sprints’ increments. 

artifacts of the scrum cycle

Q17.  How are Daily Stand-up sessions important?

Ans: Stand-up sessions refer to the 15 minutes long regular discussions. They are essential because they provide a clear picture of the tasks running correctly, along with the completed and the pending tasks. It also helps understand the hindrances faced by the team. The entire scope and status of the project are set clear through such sessions, and other discussions can happen after a stand-up session.

Q18.  Describe Sprint 0 and Spike

Ans: Sprint 0 is the little hard work poured to build a rough sketch of the product backlog. It also comprises details regarding assuming the release of the items. It is necessary to make the project skeleton, maintain a minimal design, and create stories entirely.

Spike is the range of tasks, including Extreme Programming (XP), for research, design, and investigation. The goal is to eliminate technical risks and receive proper insight to comprehend the demands and upgrade reliability. 

Q19. Define Empirical Process Control in Scrum.

Ans: Empirical Process Control in Scrum means the activity based on truth, experiences, evidence, and experimentation. The company can acquire desired Agility through a change in the thought process and culture of the team. The process guarantees project enhancement, and the interpretation is reliable based on facts of observations. The process int on transparency and adaption.

 Empirical Process Control in Scrum.

Q20. What are some disadvantages of using Scrum?

Ans: The cons of using Scrum are as follows:

  • It demands experienced candidates.
  • The team must be cooperative and dedicated to getting results.
  • An inexperienced scrum master can lead to the project being unsuccessful.
  • Vaguely defined tasks will lead to bad outcomes.
  • Scrum is suitable for smaller projects but needs to scale to intricate ones.

Q21.  What are the main skills of a scrum master?

Ans: The primary skills of a scrum master include the following points:

  • Good knowledge of Scrum and Agile topics.
  • Proper organziational capacities.
  • Well-known for the technology implemented by the team.
  • Capable of tutoring the team to adhere to the scrum rules.
  • Possessing the potential to manage disputes.
  • Able to be a servant leader.

 skills of a scrum master

Q22. How to manage discord within the Scrum team?

Ans: The following points must be remembered to deal with discord within the scrum team:

  • The main reason behind the issue should be detected.
  • Overall, ownership must be there.
  • Try to solve the argument.
  • Concentrate on areas that add to the project’s value.
  • There must be a mutual understanding to mentor the team.
  • Constant observation and total visibility should be established.

Q23. How will you differentiate among stories, epics, and tasks?

Ans: User stories offer plain explanations to the team regarding the business’ demands from the end user’s viewpoint. 

Epic refers to the intricate range of relevant user stories. 

Tasks are utilized to fragment the user stories further. They comprise the tiniest part of Scrum that is implemented to track activities. A task consists of a single individual or a team of two people.

Q24. What are the duties of a Product Owner?

Ans: A Product Owner's duties include stating the project's aim and assuming the customer’s requirements. He then creates relevant user stories, assesses the work progress, and acts as the link to solve product-related queries.

Q25. What is DoD?

Ans: DoD is the abbreviation for the Definition of Done. It denotes the deliverables comprising written codes, comments, unit tests, integration testing, etc. DoD offers valid and explanatory values for project progress. It benefits Scrum for detecting the deliverables to reach the project’s target. It also assists in defining the ways to offer iteration and implement tools to enhance the process. Guaranteeing timely feedback and proper understanding of the product backlog items is also done through DoD.

Scrum Master Interview Questions:

Q26. What are the criteria for a Scrum Master to be a Servant Leader?

Ans: “Servant Leader” primarily concentrates on the service adaptation that a leader portrays. To be a Servant Leader, the Scrum Master must be a facilitator and a coach to support the team to accelerate involvement and agility. 

Q27. What is the method for coordinating between different teams?

Ans: Coordinating between several teams can be done through Scrum of Scrums (SoS) meetings, where team members from each scrum team debate on the progress, performance, and problems. Scrum masters would act for a sure team apart from the Chief Scrum Master who enhances the meetings. The recurrence of such meetings should be pre-defined. 

Q28. What strategy will you adopt to handle a difficult stakeholder?

Ans: A difficult stakeholder can be managed by the following four strategies: 

  • Be a good listener- Try to understand their perspective, observe if their demands are aligned with the project’s aims, and find out if it is possible to do things uniquely. Try to find common ground.
  • Assume the motivation- Make an effort to know the motivation behind the stakeholder’s objection. That will help achieve a better solution and close the project.
  • Meet them consecutively- Meeting stakeholders separately will let them be comfortable. This will also facilitate communication. Further, learn their perception and provide solutions but avoid asking why they disapproved of your plan. 
  • Observe the stakeholders minutely- Identifying them and finding why they are encouraged must be the initial step. 

Q29. Explain the three pillars of Scrum.

Ans: The three pillars of Scrum have been mentioned below:

  • Adaption- If the authority detects that an aspect of a cycle is illegal, then the method must be altered. A quick correction is necessary to evade further deviation.
  • Transparency- The viewers must comprehend what they see, so the elements should be arranged in order. When describing a process, the members must utilize the same terminology.
  • Inspection- To uncover deviations, Scrum Users must verify scrum artifacts and achievement towards a sprint goal daily. Repetitive inspection can become an extra load to their work, so they must be done occasionally by capable inspectors only.

Top Scrum Master Interview Questions:

Q30.What do you know regarding Scope Creep?

Ans: Scope Creep demonstrates how a project’s demands develop gradually like a single deliverable item turns five when a product with three prime features turns ten or when the client’s demands change halfway through a project, asking for a reassessment of the project’s demands. The general factors contributing to scope creep include interaction and dispute leading to alteration in project requirements and main stakeholders. 

Q31. Under what circumstances scrum master should not work as a facilitator?

Ans: A facilitator must be unbiased while the topics are being discussed, and he should not provide opinions to the discussion. Although a Scrum Master’s work lies in supporting the team to get the desired results, workshop facilitation can be difficult. If one possesses the required insight, then the product development workshops can be led forward by the Scrum Master. However, he should avoid facilitating a workshop regarding modification of the Scrum cycle.

Q32.  What is the process for letting multiple stakeholders attend regular scrum meetings?

Ans: The success of a project lies in the unity of business individuals and developers. It is the responsibility of the Scrum Master to set up regular stand-up meetings and inspire the stakeholders to join the call by demonstrating the effect it will cast on the overall project. The scrum meeting aims to understand if they will achieve the sprint target. If each stakeholder is available on the call, they can visualize an image of the product development and alter the priorities to reach the desired expectations. Issues faced by the parties are also debated in this meeting. 

Q33. What is the method for Scrum Masters to ensure the timely delivery of action products?

Ans: Timely delivery of action products is guaranteed through daily scrum retrospectives. A proper retrospective ensures that the team has detected the action items. Some companies implement a retrospective tracker to observe action items. The targeted sections include priority, ownership, status, and type. The team gets confidence while working on the action product to feel that they are progressing towards efficiency, further promoting a sense of possession.

Q34. What does Confidence Vote refer to in scrum, and how is it helpful?

Ans: The Confidence Vote is conducted at the Program Increment planning session after the risk analysis. His team members gather,  contribute suggestions, and vote on confidence in accomplishing the project goals. It can be utilized when the features get properly estimated and values. Every task must be transparent to the parties, and the terms and conditions apply.

It is helpful because it builds an environment where people feel comfortable portraying their thoughts and ideas. It encourages team spirit since the members feel their opinions are being prioritized.

Q35. What is the process for a Scrum Master to avoid weariness caused on account of retrospectives?

Ans: When Scrum teams follow the same pattern of a retrospective in every sprint, the teams get exhausted. The Scrum Master might explore various patterns and also alter the location. Anything happening daily in the same manner, leads to a dull meeting environment. Few teams can go out for lunch or have a discussion there. This smoothens cooperation and makes up for a better setting for interaction. The Scrum Master should ensure that the matter of a retrospective is intact while setting a desirable setting to evade dullness. The intent must stay the same irrespective of the use of multiple patterns.

Q36. Explain the three C’s in a User Story.

Ans: The three C’s in a User story are mentioned below:

  • Card: This comprises a written detail of the story used to plan and assume. They are penned down manually on index cards to maintain brief user stories.

  • Conversation: This is needed to know more about the Card. The conversation inspires the Agile team to perform coherently and produce a shared knowledge of the underlying issues.

  • Confirmation: This is a welcoming condition, including the prime necessities, and transforms those demands into test conditions to let us detect when the user story has been exactly given.

Q37. Who can participate in the retrospective meeting?

Ans: The sprint retrospective is the period to analyze and alter the cycle and scope to reflect on the changes. The entire scrum team is needed for the attendance consisting of the Scrum Master, product owner, and other development team members. Still, other teams may not agree to include the product owner because it will hinder their discussion. A lack of reliability between the product owner and the development team must stop the product owner from attending the meeting unless the Scrum Master can create a better environment. The people not present in the immediate scrum team must not be called to participate in the meeting. 

Q38. Who is in charge of writing a User Story?

Ans: The product owner’s work ensures an agile user story backlog is available, although the product owner does not produce them. In the primary level of product development, the team interacts with the demands and records them as user stories. Until there is a product backlog, the user stories will not freeze. So if anyone feels a missing necessity, they can add it to the list as a user story. There is no protocol depicting that the stories should be written only by the product owner. A person creating the story must know how to write it and its implication since there is a set format related to it.

Q39. Why are the user stories not being estimated in work hours?

Ans: User stories are not estimated in work hours for the following reasons:

  • Activities like legacy work are hard to estimate accurately.

  • If a member delivers the estimate, but the other member does the task, it’s useless.

  • The developer’s experience is directly related to the time taken to complete the task.

  • Teams often tend to assume hindrances over and consider the best-case scenario.

Q40. How can you handle team members cherry-picking tasks?

Ans: When the team members complain about the way others select their tasks, the Scrum Master must take care of this issue. Extra coaching can support the members in getting a better variety of tasks. Other members may need to be nudged out of their comfort area to help them select different tasks instantly. An appropriate initial step in that way might be pair programming. Another pattern of this behavior includes the same members being left with certain tasks. This reproduces sub-roles to the Development team and must be solved by the Scrum Master.

Q41. Can the product owner launch a business object for the future sprint that matches the list of random work products?

Ans: Scrum works best when the team performs coherently to achieve the target. However, it fails when the team has to work hard on a long list of random work themes with no unity among the members. If every sprint resembles a random list of work items, the team must reflect if Scrum is the right way to proceed and what can be done to refine the work procedure. The interviewer shifts the candidate to stress anti-patterns that can heal the situation.

Q42. How can you assist the product owner in helping them maximize the value of the work of the Scrum team?

Ans: Scrum Masters can efficiently assist the product owners by guaranteeing that the product backlog upgradation method is constant and highly valued. The scrum team succeeds or fails together. The possibility of getting technically better solutions will increase when the developers participate in the product discovery method. Moreover, involving a scrum team early guarantees that the team and the product owner share a good understanding to produce customer value.

Q43. How should a Scrum Master interact with a product owner?

Ans: The Scrum Master must communicate humbly and frankly with the product owner. Both must act as servant leaders without being masterful; one depends on the other for the entire team’s success. They are an alliance to tutor the company to stay agile. A product owner offers feedback, defines targets, and assures the Scrum team knows the vision and buyer’s issues. 

A Scrum Master assists the product owner in creating a high-value product backlog, and they both need to interact smoothly to achieve the desired target. 

Q44. How is a Scrum master involved in eliminating impediments on behalf of the Scrum team?

Ans: A Scrum Master must not worry about eradicating issues that the Scrum team can handle independently. The Scrum Team should learn to self-organize themselves and develop their own decisions. This can lead to failures or dead ends, but the team will know new concepts. Initially, a team will require deeper guidance from the Scrum Master, but gradually they must learn from their failures. 

However, the Scrum Master can remove impediments when the Scrum Team cannot handle the issues; that is when the problem is organizational. 

Q45. What is the method to assess the success of a product owner?

Ans: The extent of success of a product owner can be assessed by the following factors:

  • The Scrum team meets the sprint goals and offers valuable.

  • The product owner enlightens stakeholders and team members about the product visions and targets.

  • They run after creating value for the buyers while doing a sustainable business for the company.

  • Successful product owners stay informed about the data and comprise the developers in the product discovery cycle.

Q46. What do you mean by a build-breaker?

Ans: The build-breaker refers to the case when there is an error in the software. The sudden irregular error complex the compilation cycle to pause, and the execution fails, or a warning is given. After eliminating and fixing the error, the tester is responsible for healing the software to the usual working level.

Q47. Mention the distinction and similarity between Agile and Scrum.

Ans: Distinction between Agile and Scrum- Agile is a broad term and a methodology implemented for project management. Still, Scrum is a pattern of Agile that portrays the method and the steps briefly. 

Agile refers to the practice,  but Scrum is the method to follow the practice.

The similarity between Agile and Scrum- Both involve doing tasks step-wise or incrementally and are repetitive.

Q48.  Explain the concept of Increment.

Ans: An increment is the sum of the entire product backlog items done during the sprint. Every increment contains the earlier sprint increment values since it is collective. It needs to be in the available version in the subsequent release because it is a vital step to get closer to the project target.

Q49. What do you understand about Scrum Impediments? State examples. 

Ans: Impediment refers to the scrum team's hindrances or problems affecting their work efficiency. Impediments do not allow the scum team to accomplish their goal, and they can occur in different forms like 

  • Unavailable resources or unwell team members.

  • Technical and organizational issues.

  • Improper management system.

Q50. Elaborate on the five stages of risk management.

Ans: The five stages of risk management are mentioned below:

  • Risk identification- The first step is to detect the risks in the operating surroundings, which comprise regulation, environmental and market risks.

  • Risk analysis- It is important to assess the damage the risk can cause. You need to study the link between risk and the intrinsic elements. It’s also vital to detect the danger and influence of the risk on project operations.

  • Risk in order of severity- Risks categorized at the top can be neutralized smoothly. Risk management solutions correspond to the risks ranked from high to low.

  • Solving the risk- Risk specialists are consulted to evade the risk implying that daily meetings with the stakeholders are also a threat.

  • Risk review- Finally, the risk is reviewed to guarantee it is eliminated.